The American Missionary — Volume 48, No. 7, July, 1894
72 Pages

The American Missionary — Volume 48, No. 7, July, 1894


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The Project Gutenberg EBook of The American Missionary -- Volume 48, No. 7, July, 1894, by Various
This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at
Title: The American Missionary -- Volume 48, No. 7, July, 1894
Author: Various
Release Date: August 5, 2008 [EBook #26195]
Language: English
Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1
Produced by Joshua Hutchinson, Karen Dalrymple, and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team at (This file was produced from images generously made available by Cornell University Digital Collections.)
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Price, 50 Cents a Year, in advance. Entered at the Post Office at New York, N. Y., as second-class matter.
American Missionary Association.
Vice-Presidents. Rev. F. A. NOBLE, D.D., Ill. Rev. ALEX. MCKENZIE, D.D., Mass. Rev. A. J. F. BSDNERHE Rev., D.D., N. Y. HENRYHOPKINS, D.D., Mo. Rev. HENRYA. STIMSON, D.D., N. Y.
Corresponding Secretaries. Rev. M. E. SYEBRIT, D.D.,Bible House, N. Y.
Rev. A. F. BEARD, D.D.,Bible House, N. Y. Rev. F. P. WODBURYO, D.D.,Bible House, N. Y. Recording Secretary. Rev. M. E. SYBEIRT, D.D.,Bible House, N. Y. Treasurer. H. W. HUBBARD, Esq.,Bible House, N. Y. Auditors. PETERMCCARTEE. RICHARDS.
BARNES. Executive Committee. CHARLESL. MEAD, Chairman. CHARLESA. HULL, Secretary. For Three Years. For Two Years. For One Year. CHARLESA. HULL, SAMUELHOLMES, WILLIAMHAYESWARD, ADDISONP. FOSTER, SAMUELS. MLPSERA, JAMESW. COOPER, ALBERTJ. LYMAN, CHARLESL. MEAD, LUCIENC. WARNER, NMEHEHAIBNTONYO, WILLIAMH. STRONG, JOSEPHH. TCHELWIL, A. J. F. BERHESDN, ELIJAHHORR, CHARLESP. PEIRCE. District Secretaries. Rev. GEO. H. GUTTREOSN,21 Cong'l House, Boston, Mass. Rev. JOS. E. ROY, D.D.,151 Washington Street, Chicago, Ill. Rev. W. E. C. WRIGHT,Cong'l Rooms, Y. M. C. A. Building, Cleveland, Ohio. Secretary of Woman's Bureau. Miss D. E. EONMERS,Bible House, N. Y.
Relating to the work of the Association may be addressed to the Corresponding Secretaries; letters for "THE ACANMERI MANOISSIYR," to the Editor, at the New York Office; letters relating to the finances, to the Treasurer; letters relating to woman's work, to the Secretary of the Woman's Bureau.
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In drafts, checks, registered letters, or post office orders, may be sent to H. W. Hubbard, Treasurer, Bible House, New York, or, when more convenient, to either of the Branch Offices, 21 Congregational House, Boston, Mass., 151 Washington Street. Chicago, Ill., or Congregational Rooms, Y. M. C. A. Building, Cleveland, Ohio. A payment of thirty dollars constitutes a Life Member. NOTICE TO SSRESBUBIRC. —The date on the "address label," indicates the time to which the subscription is paid. Changes are made in date on label to the 10th of each month. If payment of subscription be made afterward, the change on the label will appear a month later. Please send early notice of change in post-office address, giving the former address and the new address, in order that our periodicals and occasional papers may be correctly mailed. FORM OF A BEQUEST. "IGIVE AND EATHBEQU sum of —— dollars, to the 'American the  Missionary Association,' incorporated by act of the Legislature of the State of New York." The Will should be attested by three witnesses.
American Missionary Association.
FINANCIAL. In some respects our report is favorable. Our receipts for the eight months ending May 31st are $18,487.18 more than for the same period last year. If the Association had received funds from the Government this year for the eight months, $10,127.95, the receipts would have been 28,615.13 more than last year. The payments for the eight months have been $11,315.16 less than last year. With this showing the debt of the current year to May 31st is $19,419.98 as over against $49,222.32 to May 31st of last year, but as this debt of the current year is to be added to the $45,028.11 due at the close of the year September 30th, 1893, it makes the total debt May 31, $64,448.09. Those who have read the statements made in the MIIOSSRYNAwill recall that in the month of March our debt was reduced $10,718.47, and in April $4,847.40, but the fear was then expressed, which has since been realized, that these reductions might not continue. The month of Ma shows an increase of the debt, brin in it
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now to $64,448.09. We appeal most earnestly to the friends of the Association to stay the progress of this debt.
SCHOOL ANNIVERSARIES. We begin in this issue of the MSIISARONY to print the reports of the anniversary exercises of our schools. They will occupy largely this number and the next, and will appear somewhat in the order of time in which the schools closed. When the whole are published, they will make an impression of the vastness, variety and usefulness of the work. It will show institutions of higher grade in nearly all the States of the South, normal and graded schools in nearly all the large cities, and parochial schools connected with many of the churches. The industrial feature of these schools will appear most conspicuously in the details given. In the account of the larger schools, Fisk University, Talladega College, Tougaloo University, Straight University and Tillotson Institute, Austin, Texas, we give but in part the full extent of the plan originally laid down by the Association, for it does not include Hampton Institute, Atlanta University and Berea College, children of the Association which have set up and are conducting housekeeping on their own account. The origin of Hampton Institute was in that first freedmen's school at Fortress Monroe, enlarged year by year, and at length falling under the sagacious eye of Gen. Armstrong, it opened to him in almost prophetic vision what his great genius and untiring industry brought to full consummation. Nor did the American Missionary Association send this child forth empty-handed. It turned over to its use the one hundred and twenty-five acres of beautiful land, with its buildings, permanent and transient, on which the wonderful plant is now established. Atlanta University was founded by the Association, and under the wise leadership of President Ware, and the steady support of the Association for many years, it at length reached a condition of independence and self-support. Berea College, founded by the intrepid John G. Fee, a missionary of the American Missionary Association, owned by its own Board of Trustees from the first, was for many years assisted by the generous contributions of the Association. These three institutions, though independent of the Association and not under its care or support, if added to the list already given of our higher schools, will show a line of educational lighthouses stretching from the Atlantic to the Gulf and thence into the heart of Texas. Such was the original plan of the Association, and such has been the remarkably successful result. But the work of the Association is not confined to the Negro race. In the mountains of the South it touches with the wand of Christian education the noble Highlanders of America with their proud
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achievements and yet with their long-neglected education, needing the inspiring uplift of the school and cultured church. To these influences they yield a most hearty response, and no brighter reports will be found than from these mountain regions. The Indians have from the outset been the subjects of our watchful care, and with some variation in their activity, the services among them have brought forth some of the brightest results. Revivals during the past year of greater power than any reported from any other part of the field were experienced in these Indian churches. The Chinese work on the Pacific Coast, under the admirable leadership of Dr. Pond, has made steady progress in the conversion of souls here and in carrying the gospel to China. The mission in Alaska, brought to so sudden and terrible a close by the murder of Mr. Thornton, is expected to be opened again this summer by the return of Mr. and Mrs. Lopp to Cape Prince of Wales. With their knowledge of the language and of the people, and with the advantages of their past experience, we hope the mission will enter upon a new and much more successful life than heretofore. We invite the friends of the Association to study this work in its variety and extent. We make no comparisons, but surely this work touches the sympathies of the patriot and the Christian, and calls for a steady and abundant support.
VACATION. We congratulate our teachers who are now returning from the South on the vacation that awaits them in the hills and on the seashores of the North. They have had the unbroken toil of eight or ten months in the South, far from their homes and friends, finding little companionship except with the pupils and their parents, sometimes ostracized and scorned by the whites—and yet not always—for we rejoice to say that there are many localities in the South where the work of our teachers is appreciated and where they are themselves treated with Christian courtesy by the whites. We need not ask their friends at the North to welcome these returned workers with that kindness that is restful, but we do ask that the facts they reveal in regard to the South may be heard and heeded. There is no set of witnesses more competent to tell of the actual situation at the South, its home life, its industries, its struggle with difficulties, than these same teachers. Sometimes the teachers have been there but a short time and their labors may have been confined to one locality, but in that narrow range their observations among the colored people have been most minute. They have watched the operations of the pupils closely from day to day, and have been brought constantly in contact with the people in their cabins, in their work, and in their trials. But many of the teachers have been there for years and in different locations, and their representation of the state of affairs is as reliable as any that can be found from any source whatever. If the
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observations and experiences of this corps of teachers could be set forth, they would furnish, with all its lights and shades, the most accurate picture that could be presented of the state of affairs in the South. Pastors and churches would do well to give these returned teachers an opportunity to present in the prayer-meeting and elsewhere the exact facts as they have found them in the South.
MR. WHARTON, THE EVANGELIST. Under the head of "Church Work" will be found in these pages a sketch of the work of an evangelist in our churches during the past year, written by himself. That evangelist is so unselfish and consecrated to his work, and has been so long and so successfully employed in it that we are sure our readers will be glad to have some account of the man himself. Mr. James Wharton is an Englishman, resident at Barrow-in-Furness, near to Furness Abbey and the English lakes. He is not an ordained minister, but a lay preacher, as Mr. Moody is. He accepts no salary for his services, and consents to receive only the amount of his traveling expenses. For over twenty years he has been thus engaged, residing at his home in the summer but busy in gospel work, and in the winters traveling to distant places. His labors have been in England, Ireland, Scotland, the Shetland Islands, Wales, Canada, Spain and America. During these ministrations he has traveled 88,000 miles, and has made eleven trips to America. In 1876, he learned of the condition of the emancipated slaves of this country, and entered into correspondence with this Association with reference to work here. He has spent eleven years here, and has evinced great wisdom, good judgment and, as will be seen by the report of his work this past year, has had great success. He was the first man to attempt an open-air service in New Orleans after the war. He stood on a cotton bale at the foot of Canal St., and continued the service for several weeks, although the white people threatened to shoot him. In his labors among the blacks of the South, he strikes the happy medium between undue excitement and cold formalism. As he returns from year to year, he rejoices to find the converts of earlier years holding on their way with faith and a stable Christian life. Our readers will be interested to read the sketch which Mr. Wharton gives of his labors.
OLD SPANISH DOLLARS. A friend sends, with the following brief note, two Spanish dollars of ancient date. We hope that some lovers of ancient coin will be able to make a good offer for them: "I send you by express two old Spanish silver dollars of date 1786 and 1800, for the work of the American Missionary Association. They belong to my wife, who has had them a long time and now thinks they had better be sent out to help in the Lord's work through the American
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Missionary Association. Our hope is, that some lover of the great and good cause, who has also a fancy for old and rare coins, may appear, who would pay a liberal premium for them. If such should be the case, we would be much gratified to be informed as to how much they bring to the work."
Anniversary Exercises.
TOUGALOO UNIVERSITY, TOUGALOO, MISS. BY PRES. FRANK G. WOODWORTH, D.D. While, owing to hard times, the enrollment at Tougaloo this year, 362, was less than that of the two previous years, the average attendance has been better than before, larger numbers having continued until the close. The year has been marked by specialty good work on the students' part, only one having failed of promotion. It has been a notable year also in the religious development of many. One only of the Normal Department is not now a professing Christian, and at the farewell prayer-meeting he expressed the earnest desire soon to become one. In the new Theological Department nine have been enrolled. The prospect for next year is that this feature of the work will be largely developed. The new College Preparatory Department has made a most successful beginning, seven having been enrolled and having done good work. The past year has also been notable in the industrial departments. Great attention has always been given to these, though in the girls' industries, especially, the facilities have been exceedingly inadequate. During the year, Berkshire Cottage, the girls' industrial building, has been completed, and in it are pleasant accommodations for the needlework and cooking classes. Seventy girls have had class instruction throughout the year in these branches. In Berkshire Cottage is also carried on the work for which the building was specially designed—the model housekeeping. When the rooms are all furnished eight girls at a time, in two sets of four, will keep house for two months at a time, gaining a practical knowledge of household economies. This year sixteen girls have had this most important training, the last four in the new cottage. Of this four, three were in the graduating Normal class. The exhibits of the cooking and sewing classes at Commencement, consisting of cakes, biscuits, confectionery, etc., and a great variety of well made and useful garments, were highly praised, and a large number sold to visitors. Few schools have better facilities for the practical and most important work of developing homemakers than has Tougaloo. Upon the trained young women who can make good homes depends very largely the future of the Negro race. AGRICULTURE.
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From the earliest history of the school there has been attention paid to agriculture, and each year sees development in the acreage under cultivation and the quantity of produce raised. This year nearly all the fresh meat and the milk, sweet potatoes, molasses, vegetables, etc., needed by the large boarding department, have been raised on the farm, and some things have been marketed, besides the large amount of corn and hay needed upon so large a plantation. The need of a special agricultural building, to cost about $2,000, in which those students who work upon the farm can live, and where they may have special class instruction, is greatly needed. MANUAL TRAINING. The Manual Training Department has also this year received new impetus. It includes work in wood and iron, and industrial drawing. The methods are those of the most modern and most approved schools for manual training. Sixty boys have had the woodworking, and twenty the forging. Industrial drawing has been the new feature of the year. There are twenty new and complete sets of drawing tools. For the lower grades there is elementary or "one view drawing," and in the normal grades both boys and girls have advanced work that includes the fundamentals of machine and architectural drawing. Orthographic and isometric projection are taught. The exhibit of this drawing work was remarkably fine, and elicited hearty commendation. Its utility was clearly recognized when on the walls were seen drawings of house framings, house plans, architectural and building details, etc. It should be said that the work along industrial lines is neither optional nor elective, but that it is a part of the regular class-work of the school as much as grammar or arithmetic. Another feature has been the opening up of the "Tougaloo University Addition to Tougaloo." About one hundred and twenty acres of university land have been surveyed and plotted off into home lots of about five acres each, to be sold to former students of the school and to others who desire to educate their children at Tougaloo. Already several lots have been taken and homes built, and in a few years there will be quite a little educational community. COMMENCEMENT EXERCISES. The Commencement exercises, May 20th-23d, passed off pleasantly. On Sunday, President Woodworth's baccalaureate was from the text, "He endured as seeing him who is invisible." The farewell prayer-meeting in the evening, conducted by Miss Page, valedictorian of the graduating class, was peculiarly rich and helpful in its reminiscences, forecastings and inspirations. All the graduates go out as earnest Christians. The boys' gymnastic exhibition on Monday evening drew a very interested audience, and the eighth grade exercises on Tuesday morning were admirable. The alumni meeting was the largest that has ever been held, one-third of the alumni having been in attendance. Two notable papers were read, one by Miss Jessie Rhone, of '84, on, "It is better beyond," and one by Mr. W. H. Lanier, '81, on, "The conduct to be pursued by the educated colored young
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people in gaining success." Both were hopeful and helpful. Mr. Lanier's relation of his experience as teacher in one of the most difficult towns of the State, where former teachers had been run off and the school closed by the whites, and of the way in which he had so conducted himself that men whose only greeting at first was, "Howdy, boy," now recognize him cordially with, "How do you do, professor," was a most admirable illustration of how tact and good sense will help to break down barriers. The Commencement concert on Tuesday evening drew a very large crowd. Every seat was occupied and all standing room, and it was clearly shown that the chapel at Tougaloo is all too small. Over one hundred and fifty of the audience of about six hundred were white. Better chorus work is not often heard. Tougaloo is fortunate not only in having had competent music teachers, but in having in Prof. Hill, Dean of the Normal Department, a most capable musician. For the first time in years Commencement day was showery, but a large audience assembled to see the normal graduation. Seven graduated, and their orations and essays were highly creditable. The annual address was given by Rev. B. F. Ousley, now professor in the Alcorn Agricultural and Mechanical College at Rodney, Miss., the State institution for colored young men, and formerly a missionary of the American Board in South Africa. It was a clear, thoughtful, and in every way admirable presentation of the qualifications of "The Man for the Age." Brief impromptu addresses were made by Rev. S. P. Smith, American Missionary Association pastor in Jackson, Mr. W. H. Lanier, of '81, Major Millsaps, one of the leading bankers of the State, Rev. S. C. Mounger, presiding elder of the Methodist Episcopal Church South, residing at Jackson, and Col. J. L. Power, of the JacksonClarion Ledger. The last three gentlemen emphasized again and again the fact that the best white sentiment of the State is heartily in favor of such work as is done at Tougaloo, and in full sympathy with it.
BALLARD NORMAL SCHOOL, MACON, GA. PROF. F. T. WATERS. The Ballard Normal School, located at Macon, Ga., has closed with flattering success in all departments. The work in all the grades reflects much credit on the teachers, but no work is more marked than that of the industrial department. The display was much more imposing than was thought possible, the work having been delayed until late in the year; it seemed at first unwise to try to make any display at all, but all felt paid for the attempt. In the girls' department we found work of all grades of sewing, dresses, waists, aprons and other articles of wearing apparel, also darning, matching, buttonholes, quilting, etc. Each article was marked with the name of the girl and grade, and many were the exclamations of commendation from those who visited the rooms where the display was made. Works deserving special mention are buttonholes made b Martha Howard of the seventh rade; atchin b Lulu Gaston,
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BEACH INSTITUTE, SAVANNAH, GA. MISS JULIA B. FORD. The closing week began with the class reunion, Friday evening, May 18th, when, notwithstanding a wild wind and rain storm, a blithe company assembled in the cosy rooms at the Teachers' Home. Sunday afternoon, May 20th, an able baccalaureate address was preached by the Rev. Alexander Ellis, of Savannah. The large audience, which filled our flower-decked chapel, were said, by a resident, to be "the best colored people of Savannah." Certainly the sight of this large company of refined and intelligent persons of the Negro race might have served as an inspiration to a worker for that race. On Tuesday morning, after the usual opening exercises, the Rev. Mr. Upshaw gave an instructive and stirring talk on the evils of the use of narcotics. A good letter from the Junior Christian Endeavor band of Ionia, Iowa, was read to the students, who returned a hearty vote of thanks for the draft for five dollars therein contained for a clock for our chapel, also for the promise of a scholarship for a student next year. Then the long line of students repaired to their respective class-rooms, followed by the friends who came to listen to their oral examinations. The latter were in all grades, from the seniors who replied to questions in Latin, mathematics, etc., to the tiny tots in room No. 1.
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