The Child under Eight
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The Child under Eight

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The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Child Under Eight by E.R. Murray and Henrietta Brown SmithThis eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it,give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online atwww.gutenberg.netTitle: The Child Under EightAuthor: E.R. Murray and Henrietta Brown SmithRelease Date: November 11, 2003 [EBook #10042]Language: English*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK THE CHILD UNDER EIGHT ***Produced by Brendan Lane, Anne Folland and PG Distributed ProofreadersTHE MODERN EDUCATOR'S LIBRARY General Editor.—Prof. A.A. COCK.THE CHILD UNDER EIGHTByE.R. MurrayVice-Principal Maria Grey Training CollegeAuthor Of "Froebel As A Pioneer In Modern Psychology," Etc.ANDHenrietta Brown SmithLecturer In Education, University Of London, Goldsmiths' CollegeEditor Of "Education By Life""Is it not marvellous that an infant should be the heir of the whole world, and see those mysteries which thebooks of the learned never unfold? I knew by intuition those things which since my apostasy I collectedagain by highest reason."THOMAS TRAHERNE.1920THE MODERN EDUCATOR'S LIBRARYThe following volumes are now ready, and others are in preparation:—Education: Its Data and First Principles. By T.P. NUNN, M.A.,D.Sc., Professor of Education in the University of London.Moral and Religious Education. By SOPHIE BRYANT, D.Sc., Litt.D., ...

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Published 08 December 2010
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The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Child Under Eight by E.R. Murray and Henrietta Brown Smith This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.net Title: The Child Under Eight Author: E.R. Murray and Henrietta Brown Smith Release Date: November 11, 2003 [EBook #10042] Language: English *** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK THE CHILD UNDER EIGHT *** Produced by Brendan Lane, Anne Folland and PG Distributed Proofreaders THE MODERN EDUCATOR'S LIBRARY General Editor.—Prof. A.A. COCK. THE CHILD UNDER EIGHT By E.R. Murray Vice-Principal Maria Grey Training College Author Of "Froebel As A Pioneer In Modern Psychology," Etc. AND Henrietta Brown Smith Lecturer In Education, University Of London, Goldsmiths' College Editor Of "Education By Life" "Is it not marvellous that an infant should be the heir of the whole world, and see those mysteries which the books of the learned never unfold? I knew by intuition those things which since my apostasy I collected again by highest reason." THOMAS TRAHERNE. 1920 THE MODERN EDUCATOR'S LIBRARY The following volumes are now ready, and others are in preparation:— Education: Its Data and First Principles. By T.P. NUNN, M.A., D.Sc., Professor of Education in the University of London. Moral and Religious Education. By SOPHIE BRYANT, D.Sc., Litt.D., late Headmistress, North London Collegiate School for Girls. The Teaching of Modern Foreign Languages in School and University. By H.G. ATKINS, Professor of German in King's College, London; and H.L. HUTTON, Senior Modern Language Master at Merchant Taylors' School. The Child under Eight. By E.R. MURRAY, Vice-Principal, Maria Grey Training College, Brondesbury; and HENRIETTA BROWN SMITH, L.L.A., Lecturer in Education, Goldsmiths' College, University of London. The Organisation and Curricula of Schools. By W.G. SLEIGHT, M.A., D.Lit, Lecturer at Greystoke Place Training College, London. EDITOR'S PREFACE The Modern Educator's Library has been designed to give considered expositions of the best theory and practice in English education of to-day. It is planned to cover the principal problems of educational theory in general, of curriculum and organisation, of some unexhausted aspects of the history of education, and of special branches of applied education. The Editor and his colleagues have had in view the needs of young teachers and of those training to be teachers, but since the school and the schoolmaster are not the sole factors in the educative process, it is hoped that educators in general (and which of us is not in some sense or other an educator?) as well as the professional schoolmaster may find in the series some help in understanding precept and practice in education of to-day and to-morrow. For we have borne in mind not only what is but what ought to be. To exhibit the educator's work as a vocation requiring the best possible preparation is the spirit in which these volumes have been written. No artificial uniformity has been sought or imposed, and while the Editor is responsible for the series in general, the responsibility for the opinions expressed in each volume rests solely with its author. ALBERT A. COOK. UNIVERSITY OF LONDON, KING'S COLLEGE. AUTHORS' PREFACE We have made this book between us, but we have not collaborated. We know that we agree in all essentials, though our experience has differed. We both desire to see the best conditions for development provided for all children, irrespective of class. We both look forward to the time when the conditions of the Public Elementary School, from the Nursery School up, will be such—in point of numbers, in freedom from pressure, in situation of building, in space both within and without, and in beauty of surroundings—that parents of any class will gladly let their children attend it. We are teachers and we have dealt mainly with the mental or, as we prefer to call it, the spiritual requirements of children. It is from the medical profession that we must all accept facts about food values, hours of sleep, etc., and the importance of cleanliness and fresh air are now fully recognised. We do, however, feel that there is room for fresh discussion of ultimate aims and of daily procedure. Mr. Clutton Brock has said that the great weakness of English education is the want of a definite aim to put before our children, the want of a philosophy for ourselves. Without some understanding of life and its purpose or meaning, the teacher is at the mercy of every fad and is apt to exalt method above principle. This book is an attempt to gather together certain recognised principles, and to show in the light of actual experience how these may be applied to existing circumstances. The day is coming when all teachers will seek to understand the true value of Play, of spontaneous activity in all directions. Its importance is emphasised in nearly all the educational writings of the day, as well in the Senior as in the Junior departments of the school, but we need a full and deep understanding of the saying, "Man is Man only when he plays." It is easy to say we believe it, but it needs strong faith, courage, and wide intelligence to weave such belief into the warp of daily life in school. E.R. MURRAY. H. BROWN SMITH. CONTENTS PART I THE CHILD IN THE NURSERY AND KINDERGARTEN BY E. R. MURRAY CHAP. I. "WHAT'S IN A NAME?" II. THE BIOLOGIST EDUCATOR III. LEARNING BORN OF PLAY IV. FROM 1816 TO 1919 V. "THE WORLD'S MINE OYSTER" VI. "ALL THE WORLD'S A STAGE" VII. JOY IN MAKING VIII. STORIES IX. IN GRASSY PLACES X. A WAY TO GOD XI. RHYTHM XII. FROM FANCY TO FACT XIII. NEW NEEDS AND NEW HELPS PART II THE CHILD IN THE STATE SCHOOL BY H. BROWN SMITH I. THINGS AS THEY ARE XIV. CERTAIN CHARACTERISTICS OF GROWTH XV. THE INFANT SCHOOL OF TO-DAY XVI. SOME VITAL PRINCIPLES II. PRACTICAL APPLICATION OF VITAL PRINCIPLES XVII. THE NEED FOR EXPERIENCE XVIII. GAINING EXPERIENCE BY PLAY XIX. THE UNITY OF EXPERIENCE XX. GAINING EXPERIENCE THROUGH FREEDOM III. CONSIDERATION OF THE ASPECTS OF EXPERIENCE XXI. EXPERIENCES OF HUMAN CONDUCT. XXII. EXPERIENCES OF THE NATURAL WORLD XXIII. EXPERIENCES OF MATHEMATICAL TRUTHS XXIV. EXPERIENCES BY MEANS OF DOING. XXV. EXPERIENCES OF THE LIFE OF MAN XXVI. EXPERIENCES RECORDED AND PASSED ON XXVII. THE THINGS THAT REALLY MATTER. BIBLIOGRAPHY INDEX PART I THE CHILD IN THE NURSERY AND KINDERGARTEN