The Christian Foundation, Or, Scientific and Religious Journal, March, 1880
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The Christian Foundation, Or, Scientific and Religious Journal, March, 1880

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The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Christian Foundation, March, 1880 This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at http://www.gutenberg.org/license Title: The Christian Foundation, March, 1880 Release Date: February 14, 2009 [Ebook 28075] Language: English ***START OF THE PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK THE CHRISTIAN FOUNDATION, MARCH, 1880*** The Christian Foundation, Or, Scientific and Religious Journal Vol. 1. No 3. March, 1880. Contents The Influence Of The Bible Upon Moral And Social Institutions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 The Influence Of The Bible Upon Social Life And Social Institutions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Law, Cause, And Agent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 The Inconsistency Of Modern Unbelievers Or Materialists. 14 Materialism In Its Bearings Upon Person And Personality. 17 Was It Right? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 It Only Needs To Be Seen, And Its Ugliness At Once Appears. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Did The Race Ascend From A Low State Of Barbarism? . 27 The Flood Viewed From A Scientific And Biblical Stand- point. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 The Mosaic Law In Greece, In Rome, And In The Common Law Of England. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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TheProjectGutenbergEBookofTheChristianFoundation,March,1880ThiseBookisfortheuseofanyoneanywhereatnocostandwithalmostnorestrictionswhatsoever.Youmaycopyit,giveitawayorre-useitunderthetermsoftheProjectGutenbergLicenseincludedwiththiseBookoronlineathttp://www.gutenberg.org/licenseTitle:TheChristianFoundation,March,1880ReleaseDate:February14,2009[Ebook28075]Language:English*T*H*ESTCAHRRTISOTIFATNHFEOPURNODJEACTITONG,UTMEANRBCEHR,G18E8B0*O*O*K
ehTChristianFoundation,,rOScientificandReligiousVol.1.No3.March,81.08Journal
ContentsTheInfluenceOfTheBibleUponMoralAndSocialInstitutions........................TheInfluenceOfTheBibleUponSocialLifeAndSocialInstitutions........................Law,Cause,AndAgent...................TheInconsistencyOfModernUnbelieversOrMaterialists.MaterialismInItsBearingsUponPersonAndPersonality.WasItRight?........................ItOnlyNeedsToBeSeen,AndItsUglinessAtOnceAppears..........................DidTheRaceAscendFromALowStateOfBarbarism?.TheFloodViewedFromAScientificAndBiblicalStand-point............................TheMosaicLawInGreece,InRome,AndInTheCommonLawOfEngland.....................DidAdamFallOrRise?..................DidTheyDreamIt,OrWasItSo?.............Miscellaneous........................152141719132720333831434
TMhoeraIlnfAlunednSceocOiaflTInhsetiBtuitbiloensU.ponItisprofitableforustooccasionallysurveythedarkarenawheremenhaveplayedtheirpart,inlonelygloom,withoutaSaviorandwithoutaGod.Paganmorality,beingwithoutthemotivesandrestraintsofrevealedreligion,andguidedwhollybythepassionsandthelightsofreasonandnature,isgrosslydefective.Ithasnosettledstandardofrightandwrong.Itisvaintolook,inallheathenphilosophyforanysettledprinciplesofdutyormotivesthatcommendthemselvestoenlightenedminds.Whatisthebasisandcharacterofvirtue?Whatisthelawofmoralconduct?Whatistheobjectwhichgovernsit?Inwhatdoeshumanhappinessconsist?Thesearequestionswhichhaveneverbeensatisfactorilyansweredbytheunaidedpowersofthehumanmind.TheannalsofPaganhistoryshowtherealresultsofalltheirspeculationsuponthesequestions.Theyarecomprehensivelypresentedinthefollowing:Theybecamevainintheirimaginationsandtheirfoolishheartsweredarkened.Theywerefilledwithallunrighteousness,fornication,wickedness,covetousness,maliciousness,envy,murder,deceit,malignity.Theywerebackbiters,hatersofGod,despiteful,proud,inventorsofevilthings,disobedienttoparents,withoutnaturalaffection,implacableandunmerciful.Theirmannersandhabitsweretheresultsofmerewhimandcapricewhentheywerenottheresultsofsimpleloveofwickedness.Theviceofonecommunitywas0[]18]280[
]380[2TheChristianFoundation,March,1880thevirtueofanother;andrefinementinonewasunpardonablerudenessinanother.ThepublicfestivalscelebratedinEgyptaredisgracefuluponthepagesofhistory,beingaccompaniedwithshamefulpractices.EgyptwasnotedforcorruptmoralsasfarbackasthetimesofAbraham.AsiaMinorwasnobetter;unrighteousness,sensualityandluxuryprevailed.InGreecetherewasbrutalsavagenessinitsmosthideousforms;intheageofitsgreatestrefinementsinwasdressedupinthefineststyle.TheOlympic,PythianandIsthmiangames,whichwerekeptuptogivestrengthtothebodyandcourageinthebattle,weredebasingandcorruptingtothelowestdegreeofwretchedness.Theagesofancientheroismwerefilledupwithcrimeanddebauchery.Theywerefruitfulinincestandparricide,andallthedarkandgloomyeventswhichwerenecessarytomakeupthemostfearfulpictureofimmorality.ThemonarchsofAssyriaspenttheirtimemainlyindebasingcrimeandvoluptuousness.ThebrightestandbestdaysofBabylonwerenotoriousforlewdnessandaccomplishmentincrimeandiniquity;loadedwithriches,theysparednopainsandwithheldnomeansintheproductionofallthatgratifiedtheirlustsandfedtheirpassions.InBabylontherewasacertainwellknowntempleinwhichadulterywaslegalizedbycompulsorylawforthepurposeofincreasingthepublicrevenue.TheancientPaganreligionssanctionedandpracticedthemostdetestiblelicentiousness.Catocommendedyoungmenforvisitinghousesofill-fame.SuchwastheverybestphaseofmoralsandpublicmannersinthepureststateofRomansociety.Whatmusthavebeentheworst?Theworst!Well,Iwillgiveyouanideaofit.TheEmperorNerodrovethroughthestreetsofthecapitalwithhismistressinastateofnudity;andtheEmperorCommodusfirstseducedandthenmurderedhisownsister.Herereason,blindedbylust,wastheirguide.ThesepeoplewerenottroubledwiththatterriblebookcalledtheBible.Happy(?)state.Howwouldweliketohaveourhomesinthemidstofsuchfellows?Theirconsciencehadnofastenings,how
3couldtheirdoctrinesexcitetomoralvirtue?Howmuchbetteraretheprinciplesofmoderninfidels?Bolingbroke'smoralityisallembracedinself-love.Hobbesclaimsthattheonlybasisofrightandwrongisthecivillaw.Rousseausaysallthemoralityofactionsisinthejudgementweourselvesformofthem.Shaftsburysays,alltheobligationstobevirtuousarisefromtheadvantagesofvirtue,andthedisadvantagesofvice.Havesuchmoralprincipleseverreformedtheworld?Dotheyreformtheiradvocates?Didyoueverknowamantoreformafterhebecameanadvocateofsuchprinciples?DidyoueverknowamantoreformafterunderstandingandabandoningtheChristianreligion?IfanysucheverreformedtheirlivesaftersettingthemselvesonPaganground,byopposingChristianity,Ihaveyettolearnthefact.Itisthemoralityofawickedworldthatsimplyasksfortheprofitable,andnottheright;whichinquiresnotforduty,butforself-interestfortheopinionsofmen;itisabodywithoutaspiritawhitewashedsepulchresplendidonlyinsepulchralgreatness.Moralityrestsnotuponprinciplesthatclothethemselvesinvariousgarbstopleasethedifferentfanciesofthedifferentages,consultingsimplythespiritofthetimes.Suchmoralityisonethingto-dayandquiteanotherto-morrowitisvariableastheseasons.Itadaptsitselftotheoccasiontothehour.Itisverypliantithasnoconscience,butisalwayspopularity-seeking.ThemoralityoftheChristianreligionisverydifferent.IntheNewTestamentwefindamoralityaspure,loftyandunchangingasitsdivineauthor;itpurifiesandregulatestheinnermanmakethetreegoodandthefruitwillbegood.TheBiblesettlesthegreatquestionofduty.Itteachesusthattodorightistodothatwhichisrightinitself,frompuremotivesandwitharightspirit.ThesetwothingsGodhathjoinedtogether,viz:therightdeedfromrightmotives,andtherightspirit.Aman'sconsciencemaybesatisfiedwithouttherightmotivesandwithouttherightspirit,butthatisnotenough.0[]48
4TheChristianFoundation,March,1880Itisnotenoughforamantohavetherightspiritandtherightmotives,unlesshedoesthatwhichisrightinitself.Consciencemaybewarpedbymalevolence,selfishness,prejudice,oreducation,untilthemanisledtodothatwhichisdetestableinthesightofGod.Thetimemaycomewhenthismanwillregrethisfoolishness,andseethathewaswrong,likeSaulof.dloRightthingsmaybedonefromawrongspirit,andwrongthingsmaybedonefromarightspirit,butthemoralityoftheChristianreligionconsistsindoingrightthingsfromrightmotivesandinarightspirit.ThegreatmotivethatgovernsusasChristianmoralistsisthefactmadeknowninthesewords,Godrequiresit.Youmaytalkofthedignityofcorrectmorals,oftheirbeautyandvirtue,andoftheterriblenatureofvice,andofthedemandsofawell-governedselfishness,butalltheseareweakcomparedwiththeauthorityoftheSupremeBeingwhomChristiansloveandadore.Ifwewouldreformmensuccessfullywemustbringtheconscienceunderthestrongbondsofobligation;wemustextendtheauthorityofthegreatLawgiverovertheunderstanding,overtheconscience,overthememory,overtheimagination,overtheentireinnerman.Thisalonewillstopthegerminationsofsin,andcheckwickednessinitsconception.Thisisthetap-rootofthetreeofvirtuethesourceofvirtuousprinciples,demonstratingthetruthfulnessoftheaxiom,Makethetreegoodandthefruitwillbegood.Simpleadvantageisnotthefoundationofvirtue;ithasanatureasidefromitstendenciestoworldlyprofit.Otherwisevirtuewouldoftenceasetobevirtue,andvicewouldoftenceasetobevice.Ancientlythereweremoralphilosopherswhopleadthatutilitywastheonlyfoundationofvirtue.PaulspeaksofsomewhosupposedGodlinesswasgain.Suchamoralitywouldbethemostuncertainthingintheworld;giveitwhatnameyouchoose,itismereselfishness.
TheInfluenceOfTheBibleUponSocialLifeAndSocialInstitutions.5Man'sentirenatureforceshimdirectlyintoasocialstate.Heisdestituteofthestrengthpossessedbymanyoftheloweranimals,andnaturallyunableforwantofspeedtoescapetheirattacks,socareforlifeleadshimintotheclosestallianceswithhisfellows.Childhoodandoldagenecessitatedependence,andhiswants,duringthoseperiods,bringhimunderobligationstoothersduringhisstrengthandmanhood.Thesocialstateisalsonecessarytothedevelopmentofhisintellectualnature,andsomeofhisnaturalaffectionscanbeexercisedonlyinsuchastate.Benevolence,gratitude,complacencyandheroismarenotexercisedinaninsolatedconditiontheyarecalledoutonlyinmutualassociationswithourfellow-men.Thenoblesteffortsofintellectualstrengthandofhumaningenuityaremadeunderthemostpowerfulinfluenceofsociety.Thusencouraged,menhavecollectedarmies,foundedkingdomsandgovernedthem.Insuchkingdomstheartsandscienceshaveflourishedinagreaterorlessdegree,andimperfectmoralshavecrownedtheirlaborsandliftedtheirmindsashighastheirunaidedpowershavepermitted.SuchhasbeenthebestconditioninwhichtheScriptureseverfoundthesocialstate.Thestructurehasbeenincomplete,restinguponnosolidbasis,andonlyimperfectlycementedtogether.Suchastateofsocietyhasalwaysbeenaproperobjectforthemodifyingandcontrolling580[]
]680[6TheChristianFoundation,March,1880influencesofapurersystemofmorality,foundeduponapurereligion.Whathasbeenthestateofsocietyintimespastwithoutthelightofrevealedreligion?ThereareevilsinthesocialstatewheretheChristianreligionexists,buttheyweretherebeforetheGospelofChristvisitedthoseplaces.ItisverycommonforunbelieverstochargethecalamitiesofthesocialstatetotheChristianreligion,butitisadishonorablemodeofargumentation.Theproperquestionisthis:HashumanityeverbeenwellorganizedinthesocialstatewithoutthepresenceandinfluenceoftheBible?Hasiteverbeenwellgovernedundersuchcircumstances?Havemenrespectedthesocialrightsandobligationsorproperlyunderstoodthemintheabsenceofrevealedreligion?HasthereligionofChristbeenadisturberofthesocialorganizationwheresocialrightswereproperlyunderstoodandregarded?orhasitsetasidetherightsandobligationsofmeninsociallifewheremenwereenjoyingpeaceable,happyrelations?Doesitslegitimateinfluencemakemenmorewickedandmiserable?AnhonestanswertothesequestionswillcommendthereligionofJesusChrist,anddohonortohimasourLordandMaster.TheScriptureshavebeenthemeansofestablishinginstitutionswhichhavestoodforcenturies.Wheresocietyhasbeendisjointedandoutoforder,withoutbondsoradhesiveness,theScriptureshavebeenintroduced,banishingdisorderandbringingpeaceandgoodwilltoman.TheyhavesilentlyoperatedinthesocialsurroundingsandgraduallyelevatedPaganlandsoutofPaganism.Theyrefineandcleansethecruel,givingthemhabitswhichmakethematoncesuperiortoallPagans.LookatRomeandPersiaincomparisonwithEnglandandAmerica.ThePersian'sreligionwasthebestofalltheuninspiredreligions.Theyworshipedtheirunknowngodinthesun,moonandstars.Intworeigningprinciplestheysoughtforanexplanationofthepresentstateofgoodandevilmixed,whichistheperplexingproblemthathasalwaysconfounded
7unenlightenedreason.ThePersian'screedonlyexercisedhisintellectandgratifiedhiscuriosity.Itbroughtnopowertobearuponhissocialrelations.Persianhistoryisamassofcrimes,sufferingandintolerance.Thegovernmentwasadespotism,andpolygamygavelawstothedomesticandprivaterelationsofthecitizens.AncientRomestandsforemostinallthatmoralcultureandphilosophyalonecandoforsocialinstitutions.Itsreligionwasgrossintheextreme,exertinganunhappyinfluenceuponthemasses,whileitwasdisregardedbythepriestswhotaughtit,theirsoleobjectbeingtoterrifythemultitudeandkeeptheminsubjectiontotheauthoritiesofthestate.ItwassaidbyaRoman,Ournationexistsmorebyreligionthanbythesword.ButuponanexaminationofRomanhistoryyouwillfindservitude,despotism,tumult,revolt,revolutionandslaughter,peaceandwar.Theambitionsofrivalstothethrone,andnewschemesofrulers,oftendelugedthecountrywithbloodandcarriedtheswordtoremoteandpeaceablenations,tillthehorrorsofcivilwarwererealizedinalmosteverypartoftheworld.Everynowandthenthepowersofsomegreatmind,irritatedbyhiscalamities,havingallthevicesandnoneofthevirtuesofhisspecies,wouldriseupandwreakvengeanceindeedswhichcannotbethoughtofwithoutsadnessofheart.HowmuchbetterwasancientGreece?HowmuchbetteraremodernPagannations?TheseevilshavebeenextinguishedintheratioofthecirculationandinfluenceoftheBible.TherelationbetweenthestateanditscitizenstheBiblerecognizesasofdivineappointment;thefoundationofcivilgovernmentisthewillofGod.GovernmentisanordinanceofGod.ThepowersthatbeareordainedofGod.Thegreatauthorofourrights,life,liberty,peace,order,publicmoralsandreligion,hasnotlefttheseintereststochance,anarchyorthesocialcompact.RulerswereordainedofGod,andarerulers,notfortheirownexaltation,butforthetranquility,virtueandpeaceofthegoverned.Where]780[