The Crowd; study of the popular mind
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The Crowd; study of the popular mind

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**The Project Gutenberg Etext of The Crowd, by Gustave le Bon** #1 in our series by Gutave le Bon, A Study of thePopular MindCopyright laws are changing all over the world, be sure to check the copyright laws for your country before posting thesefiles!!Please take a look at the important information in this header. We encourage you to keep this file on your own disk,keeping an electronic path open for the next readers. Do not remove this.**Welcome To The World of Free Plain Vanilla Electronic Texts****Etexts Readable By Both Humans and By Computers, Since 1971***These Etexts Prepared By Hundreds of Volunteers and Donations*Information on contacting Project Gutenberg to get Etexts, and further information is included below. We need yourdonations.The Crowdby Gustave le BonFebruary, 1996 [Etext #445]**The Project Gutenberg Etext of The Crowd, by Gustave le Bon*******This file should be named tcrwd10.txt or tcrwd10.zip******Corrected EDITIONS of our etexts get a new NUMBER, tcrwd11.txt.VERSIONS based on separate sources get new LETTER, tcrwd10a.txt.We are now trying to release all our books one month in advance of the official release dates, for time for better editing.Please note: neither this list nor its contents are final till midnight of the last day of the month of any such announcement.The official release date of all Project Gutenberg Etexts is at Midnight, Central Time, of the last day of the stated month.A preliminary version may often be ...

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Published 08 December 2010
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**Welcome To The World of Free Plain Vanilla Electronic Texts** **Etexts Readable By Both Humans and By Computers, Since 1971** *These Etexts Prepared By Hundreds of Volunteers and Donations* Information on contacting Project Gutenberg to get Etexts, and further information is included below. We need your donations.
Copyright laws are changing all over the world, be sure to check the copyright laws for your country before posting these files!! Please take a look at the important information in this header. We encourage you to keep this file on your own disk, keeping an electronic path open for the next readers. Do not remove this.
The Crowd by Gustave le Bon February, 1996 [Etext #445]
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**The Project Gutenberg Etext of The Crowd, by Gustave le Bon** *****This file should be named tcrwd10.txt or tcrwd10.zip****** Corrected EDITIONS of our etexts get a new NUMBER, tcrwd11.txt. VERSIONS based on separate sources get new LETTER, tcrwd10a.txt.
We are now trying to release all our books one month in advance of the official release dates, for time for better editing. Please note: neither this list nor its contents are final till midnight of the last day of the month of any such announcement. The official release date of all Project Gutenberg Etexts is at Midnight, Central Time, of the last day of the stated month. A preliminary version may often be posted for suggestion, comment and editing by those who wish to do so. To be sure you have an up to date first edition [xxxxx10x.xxx] please check file sizes in the first week of the next month. Since our ftp program has a bug in it that scrambles the date [tried to fix and failed] a look at the file size will have to do, but we will try to see a new copy has at least one byte more or less.
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The following work is devoted to an account of the characteristics of crowds. The whole of the common characteristics with which heredity endows the individuals of a race constitute the genius of the race. When, however, a certain number of these individuals are gathered together in a crowd for purposes of action, observation proves that, from the mere fact of their being assembled, there result certain new psychological characteristics, which are added to the racial characteristics and differ from them at times to a very considerable degree. Organised crowds have always played an important part in the life of peoples, but this part has never been of such moment as at present. The substitution of the unconscious action of crowds for the conscious activity of individuals is one of the principal characteristics of the present age. I have endeavoured to examine the difficult problem presented by crowds in a purely scientific manner—that is, by making an effort to proceed with method, and without being influenced by opinions, theories, and doctrines. This, I believe, is the only mode of arriving at the discovery of some few particles of truth, especially when dealing, as is the case here, with a question that is the subject of impassioned controversy. A man of science bent on verifying a phenomenon is not called upon to concern himself with the interests his verifications may hurt. In a recent publication an eminent thinker, M. Goblet d'Alviela, made the remark that, belonging to none of the contemporary schools, I am occasionally found in opposition of sundry of the conclusions of all of them. I hope this new work will merit a similar observation. To belong to a school is necessarily to espouse its prejudices and preconceived opinions. Still I should explain to the reader why he will find me draw conclusions from my investigations which it might be thought at first sight they do not bear; why, for instance, after noting the extreme mental inferiority of crowds, picked assemblies included, I yet affirm it would be dangerous to meddle with their organisation, notwithstanding this inferiority.
THE CROWD A STUDY OF THE POPULAR MIND BY GUSTAVE LE BON {b. May 7, 1841—d. Dec 13, 1931}
The CRIMINOLOGY SERIES. 1. The Female Offender. By Professor LOMBROSO. Edited, with Introduction, by W. DOUGLAS MORRISON. 2. Criminal Sociology. By Professor ENRICO FERRI. 3. Juvenile Offender. By W. DOUGLAS MORRISON. —— LONDON:   T. FISHER UNWIN.
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