The Great Riots of New York, 1712 to 1873
346 Pages
English
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The Great Riots of New York, 1712 to 1873

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346 Pages
English

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Project Gutenberg's The Great Riots of New York 1712 to 1873, by J.T. HeadleyCopyright laws are changing all over the world. Be sure to check the copyright laws for your country before downloadingor redistributing this or any other Project Gutenberg eBook.This header should be the first thing seen when viewing this Project Gutenberg file. Please do not remove it. Do notchange or edit the header without written permission.Please read the "legal small print," and other information about the eBook and Project Gutenberg at the bottom of thisfile. Included is important information about your specific rights and restrictions in how the file may be used. You can alsofind out about how to make a donation to Project Gutenberg, and how to get involved.**Welcome To The World of Free Plain Vanilla Electronic Texts****eBooks Readable By Both Humans and By Computers, Since 1971*******These eBooks Were Prepared By Thousands of Volunteers!*****Title: The Great Riots of New York 1712 to 1873Author: J.T. HeadleyRelease Date: November, 2004 [EBook #6856] [Yes, we are more than one year ahead of schedule] [This file was firstposted on February 2, 2003]Edition: 10Language: English*** START OF THE PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK THE GREAT RIOTS OF NEW YORK ***Produecd by Richard Prairie, David Moynihan, Charles Franks and the Online Distributed Proofreading TeamTHEGREAT RIOTSOFNEW YORK1712 to 1873INCLUDING A FULL AND COMPLETE ACCOUNTOF THEFOUR DAYS' DRAFT RIOT OF 1863By ...

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Project Gutenberg's The Great Riots of New York
1712 to 1873, by J.T. Headley
Copyright laws are changing all over the world. Be
sure to check the copyright laws for your country
before downloading or redistributing this or any
other Project Gutenberg eBook.
This header should be the first thing seen when
viewing this Project Gutenberg file. Please do not
remove it. Do not change or edit the header
without written permission.
Please read the "legal small print," and other
information about the eBook and Project
Gutenberg at the bottom of this file. Included is
important information about your specific rights and
restrictions in how the file may be used. You can
also find out about how to make a donation to
Project Gutenberg, and how to get involved.
**Welcome To The World of Free Plain Vanilla
Electronic Texts**
**eBooks Readable By Both Humans and By
Computers, Since 1971**
*****These eBooks Were Prepared By Thousands
of Volunteers!*****
Title: The Great Riots of New York 1712 to 1873Author: J.T. Headley
Release Date: November, 2004 [EBook #6856]
[Yes, we are more than one year ahead of
schedule] [This file was first posted on February 2,
2003]
Edition: 10
Language: English
*** START OF THE PROJECT GUTENBERG
EBOOK THE GREAT RIOTS OF NEW YORK ***
Produecd by Richard Prairie, David Moynihan,
Charles Franks and the Online Distributed
Proofreading TeamTHE
GREAT RIOTS
OF
NEW YORK
1712 to 1873
INCLUDING A FULL AND COMPLETE ACCOUNT
OF THE
FOUR DAYS' DRAFT RIOT OF 1863
By HON. J.T. HEADLEY
TO
THE METROPOLITAN POLICE,
WHOSE
UNWAVERING FIDELITY AND COURAGE IN
THE PAST,ARE A SURE GUARANTEE OF WHAT THEY
WILL DO
FOR
NEW YORK CITY IN THE FUTURE,
THIS WORK
IS RESPECTFULLY INSCRIBED
BY
THE AUTHOR.
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.
1. BURNING OF THE PROVOST-MARSHAL'S
OFFICE
2. THE OLD NEW YORK HOSPITAL, SCENE OF
THE DOCTORS' RIOT
3. COLORED ORPHAN ASYLUM (ERECTED
SINCE THE RIOT)
4. HEADQUARTERS METROPOLITAN POLICE5. HEADQUARTERS METROPOLITAN FIRE
DEPARTMENT
6. FORT LAFAYETTE, NEW YORK HARBOR
7. FORT HAMILTON, NEW YORK HARBOR
8. SCENE IN LEXINGTON AVENUE
9. ATTACK ON THE TRIBUNE OFFICE
10. FIGHT BETWEEN RIOTERS AND MILITIA
11. HANGING AND BURNING A NEGRO IN
CLARKSON STREET
12. THE DEAD SERGEANT IN TWENTY-SECOND
STREET
13. DRAGGING COLONEL O'BRIEN'S BODY IN
THE STREET
14. BURNING SECOND AVENUE ARMORY
15. RECEIVING DEAD BODIES AT THE
MORGUE
PREFACE.The materials for the descriptions of the Negro and
Doctors' Riots were gathered from the Archives of
the Historical Society; those of the immediately
succeeding ones, from the press of the times.
For the scenes and incidents that occurred on the
stage and behind the curtain in the Astor-place
Opera Riot, I am indebted to a pamphlet entitled
"Behind the Scenes."
The materials for the history of the Draft Riots
were obtained in part from the Daily Press, and in
part from the City and Military Authorities,
especially Commissioner Acton, Seth Hawley,
General Brown, and Colonel Frothingham, who
succeeded in putting them down.
Mr. David Barnes, who published, some ten years
ago, a pamphlet entitled
"The Metropolitan Police," kindly furnished me facts
relating to the
Police Department of great value, and which saved
me much labor and time.
Much difficulty has been encountered in gathering
together, from various quarters, the facts spread
over a century and a half, but it is believed that
everything necessary to a complete understanding
of the subjects treated of has been given,
consistent with the continuity and interest of the
narrative.
Of course some minor riots—a collection of mobs
that were easily dispersed by the police, and were
characterized by no prolonged struggle or strikingcharacterized by no prolonged struggle or striking
incidents—are not mentioned.
CONTENTS.
CHAPTER I.
Character of a City illustrated by Riots.—New
Material for History of
Draft Riots.—History of the Rebellion incomplete
without History of
them.—The Fate of the Nation resting on the
Issues of the Struggle in New
York City.—The best Plan to adopt for Protection
against Mobs.
CHAPTER II.
THE NEGRO RIOTS OF 1712-1741.
Almost impossible for the present Generation to
comprehend its true Character and Effect on the
People.—Description of New York at that Time.—
The Negro Slaves.—The Negro Riot of 1712.—
Description of it.—The Winter of 1741.—
Governor's House burned down.—Other Fires.—
Suspicion of the People.—Arrest and Imprisonment
of the Blacks.—Reward offered for the supposed
Conspirators.—Alarm and Flight of the Inhabitants.
— Examination and Confession of Mary Burton.—
Peggy, the Newfoundland Beauty, and the
Hughson Family.—The Conspiracy.—Executions.—Fast.— Hughson's Hearing.—Hung in Chains.—
The Body, and that of a Negro, left to swing and
rot in the Air.—Strange Change in the
Appearances of the Bodies.—The People throng to
look at them.—Negroes burned at the Stake. —
Terrific Spectacle.—Bloody Summer.—Execution
of a Catholic Priest.— Strange Scenes.—Upper
Classes accused.—Executions stopped.—Reason
of the Panic.
CHAPTER III.
THE STAMP-ACT RIOT OF 1765.
Thorough Understanding of the Principles of
Liberty by the People.—The Stamp Act.—How
viewed by the Colonists.—Colden strengthens Fort
George in Alarm.—Arrival of the Stamps.—How
the News was received by the Sons of Liberty.—A
Bold Placard.—Stamp Distributor frightened.—
Patriotic Action of the Merchants.—Public
Demonstration against the Stamp Act.— Colden
takes Refuge in the Fort.—Dare not fire on the
People.—The People at the Gate demand the
Stamps.—Colden and Lord Bute hung in Effigy.—
Colden's Coach-house broken open.—The Images
placed in the Coach, and dragged with Shouts
through the Streets.—Hung again in Sight of the
Fort.—A Bonfire made of the Fence around
Bowling Green, and the Governor's Carriages,
while the Garrison look silently on.—Prejudice
against Coaches.—Major James' House sacked.—
Great Joy and Demonstration at the Repeal of theStamp Act.—Celebration of the King's Birthday.—
Loyalty of the People.—Mutiny Act.—A Riot
becomes a Great Rebellion.
CHAPTER IV.
DOCTORS' RIOT, 1788.
Body-snatching.—Bodies dug up by Medical
Students.—Excitement of the
People.—Effect of the Discovery of a human Limb
from the Hospital.—Mob
ransack the Building.—Destruction of Anatomical
Specimens.—Arrival of
Mayor, and Imprisonment of Students.—Second
Day.—Examination of Columbia
College and Physicians' Houses.—Appeal of the
Mayor and distinguished
Citizens to the Mob.—Mob attempt to break into
Jail and seize the
Students.—The Fight.—The Military called out.—
Beaten by the Mob.—
Larger Military Force called out.—Attacked by the
Mob.—Deadly Firing.—
Great Excitement.—Flight of Doctors and
Students.
CHAPTER V.
SPRING ELECTION RIOTS OF 1834.