The Great Round World and What Is Going On In It, Vol. 1, No. 50, October 21, 1897 - A Weekly Magazine for Boys and Girls
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The Great Round World and What Is Going On In It, Vol. 1, No. 50, October 21, 1897 - A Weekly Magazine for Boys and Girls


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The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Great Round World and What Is Going On In It, Vol. 1, No. 50, October 21, 1897, by Various This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at Title: The Great Round World and What Is Going On In It, Vol. 1, No. 50, October 21, 1897 A Weekly Magazine for Boys and Girls Author: Various Editor: Julia Truitt Bishop Release Date: June 9, 2005 [EBook #16031] Language: English Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1 *** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK THE GREAT ROUND WORLD *** Produced by Juliet Sutherland, Emmy and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team.( VOL. 1 OCTOBER 21, 1897. NO. 50 Copyright, 1897, by THE GREAT ROUND WORLD Publishing Company. The new Prime Minister of Spain is Señor Sagasta. After several days of uncertainty the Queen decided to appoint him. No sooner was her decision known than a report was circulated that Weyler had sent in his resignation; it was also rumored that Sagasta had stated that one of his first official acts would be to remove Weyler from Cuba. The truth of the matter is that Weyler does not intend to leave the island if he can help it.



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The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Great Round World and What Is Going OnIn It, Vol. 1, No. 50, October 21, 1897, by VariousThis eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and withalmost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away orre-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License includedwith this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.netTitle: The Great Round World and What Is Going On In It, Vol. 1, No. 50, October 21, 1897       A Weekly Magazine for Boys and GirlsAuthor: VariousEditor: Julia Truitt BishopRelease Date: June 9, 2005 [EBook #16031]Language: EnglishCharacter set encoding: ISO-8859-1*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK THE GREAT ROUND WORLD ***DPirsotdruicbeudt ebdy  JPurloioeftr eSaudtihnegr lTaenadm,. (Ewmwmwy. pagnddp .tnheet )OnlineCopyright, 1V8O9L7. , 1b   y    T  H  E   OGCRTEAOTB ERR O2U1N,D  1W89O7R.L  D    P   u  b  liNsOh. i5n0g Company.The new Prime Minister of Spain is Señor Sagasta. After several days ofuncertainty the Queen decided to appoint him.No sooner was her decision known than a report was circulated that Weylerhad sent in his resignation; it was also rumored that Sagasta had stated thatone of his first official acts would be to remove Weyler from Cuba.The truth of the matter is that Weyler does not intend to leave the island if hecan help it.Just before the ministry resigned, when it was known that they could notremain in power many days longer, he hurried off a long report of the work hehad done in Cuba; this he hoped would help him with the new Minister, andenable him to keep his place.In this report he said that Western Cuba was pacified, and that he hadeffected a great improvement in the condition of Cuba since his arrival there.He stated that he had given Cuba a fresh lease of life, that trains were running
regularly throughout the island, the telegraph was in working order, and thetroops, in spite of the fact that their pay was six months in arrears, were inexcellent health and spirits. Every one of these statements is declared, by thosewho are in a position to know the real state of affairs in Cuba, to be absolutelyfalse.Having this letter safely in the hands of the Government, the General waitedfor developments; then as soon as the ministry under General Azcarraga hadgone out of office and that of Señor Sagasta had come in, he cabled to the newPrime Minister, saying that he had no intention of resigning his office, butinstead, begged to offer his services to the new ministry.A great excitement is being worked up over him in Cuba, which his enemiesdeclare is being done by his orders. Soldiers are parading the streets, crying,"Long live Weyler!" Merchants are hurrying to the palace, begging him not toresign, and a rumor having been circulated that it is the United States that hasbeen asking that he be sent away from Cuba, the soldiers are adding cries of"Death to the United States!"The Cuban and American residents of Havana are terror-stricken. Much asthey desired to be free of the tyrant, they now dread his downfall lest it shallcause more trouble for them.It is said that Señor Sagasta will try to bring the war to a close by offeringliberal terms of Home Rule to Cuba.In fact, the new cabinet has already held a council in which it was agreed toestablish reforms in the island with as little delay as possible.The Colonial Minister has been instructed to prepare a draft of the schemefor Home Rule, and to have it ready to present to the cabinet officers at theirnext meeting.The Cubans, however, declare that they do not want Home Rule. They havebeen fighting for freedom, and nothing less will satisfy them. They are willing tobuy their freedom from Spain, but they declare that they will never lay downtheir arms until Cuba is free.A despatch from the Philippine Islands brings the news that Spain is faringbadly in that direction also.In a recent battle four hundred Spanish soldiers were killed. It seems that therebels in the Philippines fight in the American Indian fashion; that is to say, theyget under cover, behind bushes or trees, and, taking careful aim at their enemy,make every shot tell. In this manner they are able to inflict great injury withoutsuffering much themselves.It is reported that an entire battalion of Spanish soldiers, eight hundredstrong, has deserted in a body to the rebels.The soldiers in the Philippines are suffering just as severely for food and payas their brother soldiers in Cuba, and finding that the rebels feed their soldierswell, and treat them better than the Spaniards, great numbers are constantlydeserting and joining the rebel ranks.Affairs in Greece are still unsettled.When the Prime Minister told the Boulé[A] or parliament the terms of thetreaty, there was much dissatisfaction expressed by the members.Mr. Ralli, the Prime Minister, stated that he was fully aware how hard theterms of the treaty were, but he thought that Greece must accept and make thebest of them.He told the Boulé that it was not possible for Greece to continue the war; she
had neither men nor money to do it with; but he wished it understood that hewas merely stating his opinion; he would not attempt to advise the nation onsuch a serious point.If the Boulé decided to accept the terms offered by Turkey, he stated that theministry was prepared to carry them out, and do all in its power to assist thecountry in the crisis; he, however, asked the Boulé, on behalf of the ministry, fora vote of confidence, that is, an expression of belief that the ministers weredoing the best that could be done for the good of the country.When Mr. Ralli had finished speaking, a member of the House rose to hisfeet, and began to blame the ministry for all the ills that Greece was called uponto endure. This turned the members against Mr. Ralli and the rest of theministers, and the vote of confidence was refused. Mr. Ralli was thereuponobliged to send his resignation to the King.King George has already chosen the new Premier, and a Greek prince ofhigh rank has been selected to go to Constantinople and arrange the treaty, theBoulé having decided to accept the terms offered.Both Spain and Greece now have new ministers who are undertaking thedifficult task of piloting their countries through their difficulties.[A]Pronounced voulee.FOOTNOTE:It was just as well that we did not put too much faith in the story that the waron the Indian frontier would be ended with the defeat of the Haddah Mullah.News has reached us that the British forces have once again been checkedby the tribesmen.This time it was the Mohmads who were the victors. These men, if youremember, professed themselves ready to submit to English rule, and when thetroops arrived in their neighborhood, offered their allegiance to the Britishofficers.They were, however, told that to prove their good faith they must, one andall, give up their rifles. Upon hearing this they became sulky, and refused to doanything of the sort.The British waited the two days they had promised, and then began todestroy the villages of the rebellious tribesmen. On one of these expeditionsthey were in turn attacked by the Afridis, and defeated.In the meanwhile the Ameer of Afghanistan is uneasy over the advance ofthe British into the hills that form his frontier. He is afraid that the British will notbe satisfied with punishing the tribesmen, but will endeavor to take possessionof lands belonging to him. He has therefore sought the aid of Russia, and hasobtained the Czar's promise to help him in case the British attempt to encroachon Afghanistan.He is at the same time keeping faith with the English. He has issued aproclamation, forbidding his subjects to leave the country under penalty of aheavy fine, so that it will not be possible for them to go and join the tribesmen.He is doing all in his power to keep faith with England, but it is said that he ismuch pleased that he has secured the aid of Russia to protect him in case of.deen
In the Soudan, the English are steadily advancing on Khartoum.The Mahdists are making a strong stand there, and it is expected that thedecisive battle will be fought in the near neighborhood of that city.A newspaper correspondent who is with the Soudan expedition writes amost interesting account of the rapid way the soldiers are building a railroadacross the desert. The road is being finished at the rate of nearly two miles aday, and when completed will enable the army to bring men and supplies fromCairo in a few days instead of the many weary weeks which are now required.The building of the railway through the desert has been entrusted to theengineer corps. These engineers are soldiers whose duty it is to buildfortifications, railroads, bridges, or any works which the commander of the forcemay think necessary.In building a railroad the first thing to be done is to prepare the road-bed, sothat it will not give way under the weight of the trains that are to pass over it.This is done by digging out or banking up the earth so that the bed shall belevel. When the earth-bank has been made as high and as solid as necessary,huge wooden beams, called sleepers, are placed across it at regular intervals,and on these sleepers the rails are laid.The correspondent describes the laying of the rails as follows:"A great sight was the actual work of laying the line. We went out in a cardrawn by a spare engine, to see this at the place where the work was inprogress. The second construction train had reached the scene of activeoperations just before we arrived, and the desert fairly hummed with busyturmoil. It has been given but to few to see a railway line made and used whileyou wait. Yet we had that experience on this afternoon. Everything was done atonce. The long train moves slowly toward the end of the rails, getting as near tothe bare bank as is possible. So soon as she stops, an eager army of workersattack her, with, of course, much wild noise of strange rhythmic chant. To theuninitiated this onslaught of the workers on the train bears all the appearance ofa raid, yet, should one watch awhile, it gradually dawns upon one thatmarvellous orderliness and most studied method underlie every seemingly wildmovement. The engine stops—say, ten rail lengths from the end of the track—and the game begins. The rail-cars are in front, just behind the tender, with therails neatly ranged on racks. At once to either side of each rail-car rushes aparty of, if Egyptians, eight men, if blacks, ten, upon whose padded shouldersthe ton of sun-heated metal is placed by the car party. Then they run—they doliterally run—away with the unwieldy thing to its destined place, where, once itis placed on the sleepers, the gaugers and strikers get at it, and it is put inposition and pinned (to each alternate sleeper, the operation being completedafter the heavy train has passed over the newly laid rails) in an incredibly shorttime, at the end of which a bugle sounds, the steam whistle blows, the enginemoves slowly forward over the rails that less than five minutes ago werestacked on the cars behind her, and the whole operation is repeated."Hawaiian affairs continue to progress peacefully, notwithstanding the factthat the story of Japanese soldiers being introduced in Hawaii disguised aslaborers has been confirmed by so many people that our Government has nolonger any doubt of its truth.Orders have therefore been sent to the commander of the fleet at Honolulu tobe on the alert, and in case Japan should attempt any hostile movement to landa company of marines and sailors, run up the American flag, and takepossession of the island in the name of the United States.The gunboats Wheeling and Concord have been sent to the SandwichIslands, and a cruiser and several gunboats will be kept at Honolulu until allfear of trouble is over.
The Japanese ship, the Naniwa, has gone back to her own country to becleaned and repaired, but will return to Hawaii as soon as this has been done.During her absence our Government is taking advantage of the opportunityto make some necessary changes in the ships stationed at Honolulu, and whenthe Japanese cruiser returns she will find quite a fleet of American shipswaiting to receive her.A statement has been made that the Japanese Government is willing tosettle the immigration dispute with Hawaii for $100,000.Hawaii is not anxious to make any such arrangement. She is a little afraidthat if she consents to do so, Japan will declare that she is bound in future to letin as many Japanese immigrants as the Mikado chooses to send. She isanxious to reserve the right of declaring what citizens she will allow within herboundaries.The annexation of the islands is by some people regarded as assured.The Senators and Congressmen who have visited the islands declare thatthere is no opposition to the idea. Some few followers of the Queen Liliuokalaniwould prefer to have her once more on the throne rather than to be under thegovernment of a foreign president, but there is no serious opposition to thetreaty.With this news comes the information that Mr. Spreckels, the Sugar King ofHawaii, has offered to withdraw his opposition to the treaty when he isconvinced that his rights in the island are not to be interfered with.Mr. Spreckels is a millionaire who has made most of his money through hisvast sugar interests in the Sandwich Islands. He was so afraid that his businesswould be hurt by annexation, that he threatened to spend half his fortune toprevent it.Besides his sugar interests, he owns a line of steamers between Hawaii andSan Francisco, and he controlled so many votes in Hawaii that he was adangerous enemy to the project.President Dole of the Sandwich Islands has been endeavoring to break Mr.Spreckels' power, but has made very little progress until the other day, when hegranted permission to one of the Pacific mail steamers to enter into competitionwith Mr. Spreckels' boats for the carrying trade of the islands. The permissionstated that the President would allow the Pacific Mail Company to increase thenumber of vessels on the line if they desired to do so.This was a dreadful blow to Mr. Spreckels.The carrying trade with Hawaii is hardly large enough for several companiesto make money at it, and as the new line will endeavor by reduced rates and
increased accommodations to get the trade away from Mr. Spreckels, thechances are that he will lose a good deal of money through it.It is in consequence of this that he is reported to have promised not tooppose the annexation of Hawaii if his interests are not interfered with.It is said that President Dole is so anxious that nothing shall interfere withthe annexation treaty that he is willing to promise Mr. Spreckels anything heasks in return for his assistance.Central America is in a very disturbed condition once more.Revolutions are in progress, or have just been suppressed in Guatemala,Costa Rica, and Nicaragua; and Honduras is again in an unsettled state.In addition to this, there is bad feeling between Costa Rica and Nicaragua,which may break out into war at any moment.As this last quarrel concerns the Nicaraguan Canal, in which our country isso much interested, it is perhaps better to tell you about it before we speak ofthe more serious troubles in Guatemala.The cause of the unpleasantness between Nicaragua and Costa Rica is theboundary line which divides them.This boundary question involves the mouth of the Nicaragua Canal.In 1858 it was agreed between the two countries that the channel of the RioSan Juan del Norte at its exit into the ocean should be the dividing linebetween them.Owing to changes of current and other causes, the course of this river haschanged, until it is now several miles farther south than it was in 1858.Costa Rica claimed that the boundary should be the spot where the oldchannel was; Nicaragua, that the treaty called for the channel of the river whereit emptied itself into the sea, and that therefore the new mouth of the river is theboundary.It is a serious matter for Nicaragua, for the opening to the Nicaragua Canalon the Atlantic Ocean side is through the Rio San Juan del Norte. If Costa Ricawere to own the mouth of the canal while Nicaragua owns its body, there wouldbe no end to the complications and troubles which would arise.The matter was therefore submitted to arbitration, President Clevelandappointing the arbitrator.The decision has just been rendered, and is against Costa Rica. Thearbitrator decides that the old treaty holds good, and that the boundary line ofNicaragua is the channel of the river as it flows into the ocean, and that nomatter how far the Rio San Juan del Norte creeps down into Costa Ricanterritory, Nicaragua will always own to the channel where it flows into the sea.Costa Rica is of course angry that the decision was against her, and shemay try to secure her lost territory by force of arms.This is the Nicaraguan and Costa Rican trouble. The disturbance inGuatemala is in the shape of a revolution, which, if the accounts we hear aretrue, is of a serious nature.We have told you before of the many revolutions that are constantly takingplace in South America, and that the people have become so accustomed tothem that they take very little notice of such things, and no one regards aCentral American revolution as a serious affair.Now while it is amusing to make fun of these toy revolutions, some of the
best people of the country suffer severely through them, and to these peoplethey are very real and terrible. Those who suffer most are the merchants.During the disturbances caused by constant changes of government, tradecannot properly flourish, and many of the merchants of Central America wishheartily that a means may be found to restore order and give them agovernment which will be likely to last.Some time ago a plan was made to form the five republics of Guatemala,Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica into one republic, under onegovernment.At this time Mexico objected to the plan. She was afraid that a strongrepublic at her doors might give her more trouble than she was likely to havefrom the five weak little countries.Attempts were made to carry the plan through, but it was finally abandoned.It was not, however, forgotten, and in January of this year the first step wastaken toward such an arrangement, by the union of Nicaragua, Honduras, andSalvador, forming together the Greater Republic of Central America. It washoped that Guatemala and Costa Rica would also join in, and in June of thisyear Guatemala did join the other republics.Mexico still disapproved of the plan, and was not at all pleased that theGreater Republic of Central America had been formed.The level-headed men of Central America then suggested that Mexicoshould be asked to join the union, and one vast Central American Republic beformed.To this President Barrios of Guatemala objected. He is perhaps the mostambitious man in Central America, and undoubtedly aims to be the president ofthe Central American Republic. Were Mexico to become a part of this greatfederation, Barrios would have a strong rival in the beloved President Diaz ofMexico, and so he steadfastly set his face against union with Mexico.The friends of solid government were much disappointed at this, and it isstated on good authority that they then formed a plot, which has resulted in thepresent disturbances throughout Central America.It was decided that as Barrios of Guatemala and Diaz of Mexico wereopposed to the plan, they must both be removed from office as soon as it couldbe managed.According to this story, Barrios was the first to give his enemies theopportunity they sought.We have told you that he is a very ambitious man. In Guatemala presidentsare elected for six years, and are not allowed to be re-elected.President Barrios is very near the end of his term, and he could not bear tothink that in a few months he would go out of office, and lose all chance ofrising to the heights he wished to attain. He therefore had himself proclaimeddictator of Guatemala, and announced that he intended to have a law passedwhich would allow a president to be elected for a second term.This meant of course that he intended to be elected again, and that it wouldbe another six years before there was any hope of forming the federation.The people of Guatemala strongly disapproved of Barrios' action in makinghimself a dictator instead of a president. A president is guided by the wishes ofthe legislature, and though he has the power to veto, or forbid the passing of, alaw made by congress, that body has also power to overrule his veto, and passthe laws in spite of him. So you see the power is pretty equally balanced. Then,too, a president can be impeached, or called to account, if he neglects theduties which he has agreed to fulfil.With a dictator it is very different. He has absolute power in the government
of the state. His word is law, and he is not accountable to the legislature for hisactions.A dictator is sometimes appointed in times of war or great trouble, but heshould always be a man whom the people love and honor, and to whom theycan entrust this great power.The reason for appointing a dictator is, that not being accountable to thelegislature for his actions, he is able to do as he thinks best, without waiting forthe long delays that must follow the submission of plans to congress.While the people were so opposed to the idea of giving these great powersto Barrios, it was thought to be a good opportunity to overthrow him, and so arevolution was begun, with Gen. Prosper Morales at its head.This revolution has steadily grown stronger. Most of the important men inGuatemala have joined it, and success has attended the rebel arms.They have captured one of the most important towns of the country, and itseems as if the overthrow of Barrios was assured.If the rumors of this great plot are true, the revolution in Guatemala is but thecommencement of the great rising which is to end in the formation of the newrepublic.That there is some truth in these rumors is shown by the fact that a cowardlyattempt which was made to kill President Diaz of Mexico, a short time ago, wasfound to be connected with the present disturbance in Guatemala.It was found that the man who had attempted to do this wicked deed was theagent of some persons in Guatemala; and thinking that there was somethingstrange in this, the Mexican authorities handed the prisoner over to one of thehighest police officials, with orders to keep him under close guard until furtherinquiries could be made.The man to whom the criminal was given in charge was General Velasquez,one of the most trusted officials of the Government.In the middle of the night after this arrest, pistol shots were heard comingfrom the place where the prisoner was confined, and when the soldiers ran outfrom their barracks, they were informed by General Velasquez that a mob hadbroken into the prison and killed the prisoner.A crowd had meanwhile gathered round the prison, so the soldiers arrestedevery one in sight; but when these people came to be examined they werefound to be only citizens who had been attracted by the sound of the firing, justas the soldiers had been. The men who had broken into the jail and killed theprisoner had disappeared.The matter had by this assumed such a suspicious character that theauthorities decided to arrest General Velasquez, and hold him until somethingcould be found out.A few inquiries showed that the General and the man who had tried to killPresident Diaz were both connected with Guatemala, and members of somesociety there.This suspicion was considerably strengthened when the General was founddead in his prison, the morning after his arrest. People then said that both menwere concerned in the great plot, and that both had died rather than be forced toconfess.All Mexico is very much puzzled and troubled over this mysteriousoccurrence.
The meteorite has been safely landed, and is now on the dock at theBrooklyn Navy-Yard, where it is to remain until Lieutenant Peary decides whathe will do with it.In appearance it is a smooth, mud-colored rock, that looks like a greatboulder. The meteorite is ten feet long, eight feet wide, and six feet thick. Itweighs over ninety tons.It was no easy matter to get this great stone on board the Hope. It lay a shortdistance from the shore, and the sailors had to drag it to the water's edge.As soon as the Hope arrived in Melville Bay, where the meteorite was found,the whole crew, armed with shovels and picks, went ashore and began diggingaround it.The job of digging it out of the frozen ground was enough to havediscouraged these men at the outset. It was half covered with snow, and frozensolidly to the surrounding earth. The sailors had to dig through seven feet offrozen ground before they finally reached the lower surface of the meteorite,then more digging followed, and at last, after five days of this hard work, it wasfree and ready to be moved.By means of some strong derricks which they had brought for the purpose,the monster was finally lifted and dragged to the shore.Here another kind of derrick, made like those that are used for lifting heavyguns on board ship, was brought into service, and the mass of metal wasslowly lifted and lowered into the hold.The ship had been lightened as much as possible to make room for thisenormous weight, but for all that the vessel was sunk much too deep in thewater for safety when she finally started on her homeward journey.Scientists say that the meteorite is a mass of metal, and is practicallycomposed of material similar to the steel armor used for armor-plates. All areagreed that it is the largest meteorite ever discovered.Lieutenant Peary also brought back with him a party of Esquimaux, who areto spend the winter building an Arctic exhibit for the Natural History Museum.The materials they will use have all been brought back by Mr. Peary. They areto build a little scene which will show the Esquimaux in their national costume,occupied in some of the typical Arctic employments. The figures that willillustrate these pictures will be modelled after the Esquimaux themselves.There are six Esquimaux in the party brought back on the Hope—three men,a woman, a boy, and a girl. They, men and women alike, wear trousers of polar-bear skins, sealskin coats, moccasins made from tanned sealskins, and furhoods.To make them more comfortable, Lieutenant Peary had allowed them topitch a tent for themselves on the deck, and here the family was established, incompany with their four favorite dogs, from whom they could not bear to beparted. These dogs are very useful in the polar regions. They can draw sledgesover the ice, and are used by the natives much as the people of warmerclimates use horses.Lieutenant Peary also brought back with him some relics of the unfortunateGreely expedition which went to the Arctic regions in 1881, to establish anobservation station for our Government. Owing to the non-arrival of expectedsupplies, the Greely party suffered the most terrible hardships, and waseventually rescued at Cape Sabine in Grinnel Land in 1883, after eighteen ofthe party had perished from cold and hunger.Greely established the station, and, after his rescue, was raised to the rankof general, and was given a special government appointment for his services.When Lieutenant Peary arrived in New York, he was asked whether hethought that Andrée had been able to reach the Pole in his balloon.
He said that he feared it had not been possible for him to do so. According toall he could hear, the winds had been unfavorable all summer, and the chanceswere that the adventurer had been carried in an opposite direction to the one hehad intended to take.In regard to his being rescued and ever reaching the land of the living again,Lieutenant Peary said he feared the chances were very slight. It all dependedon the place where the balloon had descended.If it had fallen north of Spitzbergen, it seemed unlikely that he would ever beheard of again; if, however, the winds had carried it southward, he might havetaken refuge on an ice-pack, and would be floated southward with it, andeventually rescued.Dr. Nansen, in his recent famous voyage, proved that there is a strongcurrent flowing across the Polar Sea. By following this, a ship could be carriedfrom one side of the Arctic Ocean to the other.When Dr. Nansen went north it was his hope to get his ship, the Fram, intothe pack, or rough ice that was being carried along in this current, and drift withit across the Pole.He did not succeed in reaching the Pole, but his ship did drift across thePolar Sea exactly as he had supposed it would do.It is Mr. Peary's belief that if Andrée gets on to the pack-ice, he may driftsouthward as Nansen did. Mr. Peary does not believe that any of the pigeonscarried by Andrée could live in the Arctic cold, and be able to fly southward witha message.The fastest ocean voyage on record has just been made by the magnificentNorth German Lloyd steamer, Kaiser Wilhelm the Great.The speed record has hitherto been held by the Lucania, which made thetrip from Queenstown to Sandy Hook in five days and seven hours, but thatgreat record has now been beaten. At the rate at which the new Germansteamer travels, she can make the trip in four days and twenty-one hours.The Kaiser Wilhelm does not, however, travel over the shorter route fromQueenstown, but comes the longer way, from Southampton. She made this tripin five days and twenty hours, beating the St. Paul by two hours all but fiveminutes, and on her return trip beat her own record by thirteen hours.Boat-builders are very enthusiastic over the speed of the new steamer, anddeclare that it is only a matter of time when boats will be built which will makethe trip across the ocean in four days.The Kaiser Wilhelm, besides being such a fleet vessel, is beautifullyarranged for the comfort of passengers, and is considered a model ship inevery respect.The New York agents were so proud of their fine ship, that on her arrivalhere after her first trip, they issued numbers of invitations to people to visit her ather dock in Hoboken. The people responded in such vast numbers that thedocks were thronged, and the assistance of the police had to be called in toprevent accidents.At the time of the great naval review at Spithead, in celebration of theQueen's jubilee, the Teutonic, of the White Star line, was called on to take partin the review as one of the naval reserve. We told you about it on page 1,086.Our country is also taking active steps to secure a good naval reserve.At the present time there are forty-two vessels on the navy list which could
be used for war purposes in time of need. To make the number yet larger, theGovernment has called upon all owners of large steamers and steam yachts togive information of the size and strength of their vessels, so that they can beadded to the reserve list.There should be a good many available vessels among the many fineyachts that sail our waters. We are as a nation extremely fond of yachting, andalmost every wealthy man we have possesses a craft of some kind. Many ofthese yachts are models of build and speed, and should make excellentgunboats.Some people have supposed that this inquiry into the ships available for warservice must mean that we are about to fight Spain, but they are entirelymistaken. The Navy Department has realized that our navy is our weakestpoint, and is doing its best to get it into such a fine condition that we need notfear any foe either on land or sea.There is an old proverb which says, "In times of peace prepare for war," anda very excellent proverb it is.The Navy Department is also most anxious to secure more seamen to manits vessels, and to that end is opening recruiting offices in Chicago andthroughout the West. We need more sailors and more officers to properly fit outour navy, and the department is making earnest efforts to secure them.We are so short-handed at present that the cruiser Philadelphia, returningfrom Hawaii, was obliged to transfer part of her officers and crew to theBaltimore, which was to take her place at Honolulu. There were not enoughsailors available to man the Baltimore without this exchange.It is said that the health of good old Oom Paul is failing, and that he is notlikely to live very long.In spite of this, the rugged old President of the Transvaal is so anxious to bere-elected that he is going round the country making speeches and trying tosecure votes, as if he were still a young man.Oom Paul has three times been made President of the Transvaal. Thepresidents of the South African Republic hold office for five years, so the reinsof government have been in this one man's hands for fifteen years.He is opposed by General Joubert, the man who beat the English at thebattle of Majuba Hill.General Joubert is also much beloved by the people, and has twice beforeopposed Oom Paul for the office of President, but there is little chance of anyother candidate being elected, so long as Paul Kruger is willing to run for office.The Boers have a reverence and love for this great leader of theirs which istouching. They regard him as the father of their country, and feel it their duty tosupport him.One old man who was asked at the last election whether he meant to votefor Kruger or Joubert, replied indignantly:"Paul Kruger is as my father; I am as his son. Do you think I would disobey"?mihAs the majority of the voters in the Transvaal seem to feel in the same way,there is little doubt that Oom Paul will be re-elected.There were grave murmurs against the city government the other day.