The Ignatian Epistles Entirely Spurious - A Reply to the Right Rev. Dr. Lightfoot
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The Ignatian Epistles Entirely Spurious - A Reply to the Right Rev. Dr. Lightfoot

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The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Ignatian Epistles Entirely Spurious by W. D. (William Dool) KillenCopyright laws are changing all over the world. Be sure to check the copyright laws for your country before downloadingor redistributing this or any other Project Gutenberg eBook.This header should be the first thing seen when viewing this Project Gutenberg file. Please do not remove it. Do notchange or edit the header without written permission.Please read the "legal small print," and other information about the eBook and Project Gutenberg at the bottom of thisfile. Included is important information about your specific rights and restrictions in how the file may be used. You can alsofind out about how to make a donation to Project Gutenberg, and how to get involved.**Welcome To The World of Free Plain Vanilla Electronic Texts****eBooks Readable By Both Humans and By Computers, Since 1971*******These eBooks Were Prepared By Thousands of Volunteers!*****Title: The Ignatian Epistles Entirely SpuriousAuthor: W. D. (William Dool) KillenRelease Date: September, 2005 [EBook #8908] [This file was first posted on August 23, 2003] [Date last updated: July7, 2004]Edition: 10Language: English*** START OF THE PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK, THE IGNATIAN EPISTLES ENTIRELY SPURIOUS ***Transcribed by the Freethought Archives THE IGNATIAN EPISTLES ENTIRELY SPURIOUS.A Reply to The Right Rev. Dr. Lightfoot, Bishop of Durham.BYW. D. KILLEN, D.D ...

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**Welcome To The World of Free Plain Vanilla Electronic Texts** **eBooks Readable By Both Humans and By Computers, Since 1971** *****These eBooks Were Prepared By Thousands of Volunteers!*****
THE IGNATIAN EPISTLES ENTIRELY SPURIOUS. A Reply to The Right Rev. Dr. Lightfoot, Bishop of Durham. BY W. D. KILLEN, D.D. Professor of Ecclesiastical History, and Principal of the Presbyterian Theological Faculty, Ireland.
Transcribed by the Freethought Archives <freethought@despammed.com>
EDINBURGH 1886.
"As the account of the martyrdom of Ignatius may be justly suspected, so, too, the letters which presuppose the correctness of this suspicious legend do not wear at all a stamp of a distinct individuality of character, and of a man of these times addressing his last words to the Churches." —AUGUSTUS NEANDER.
*** START OF THE PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK, THE IGNATIAN EPISTLES ENTIRELY SPURIOUS ***
Title: The Ignatian Epistles Entirely Spurious Author: W. D. (William Dool) Killen Release Date: September, 2005 [EBook #8908] [This file was first posted on August 23, 2003] [Date last updated: July 7, 2004] Edition: 10 Language: English
FERP.ECADid ousc Sisreaca seh dnirAditsthe consdratus, itsuQ ausrseSatigwee olwhhe ttsser toofthgiL .rmentargucal logioron shc fihtho dans ul
CHAPTER I. PRELIMINARY OBSERVATIONS. The critical spirit stimulated by the Reformation—The Ignatian Epistles as regarded by Calvin, Ussher, Vossius, Daillé, Pearson, Wake, and Cureton—Dr. Lightfoot as a scholar and a commentator— The valuable information supplied in his recent work—His estimate of the parties who have pronounced judgment on the question of the Ignatian Epistles—His verdict unfair—His introduction of Lucian as a witness in his favour—The story of Peregrinus—Dr. Lightfoot's cardinal mistake in his treatment of this question.
CONTENTS.
This little volume is respectfully submitted to the candid consideration of all who take an interest in theological inquiries, under the impression that it will throw some additional light on a subject which has long created much discussion. It has been called forth by the appearance of a treatise entitled, "The Apostolic Fathers, Part II. S. Ignatius, S. Polycarp. Revised Texts, with Introductions, Notes, Dissertations, and Translations, by J. B. Lightfoot, D.D., D.C.L., LL.D, Bishop of Durham." In this voluminous production the Right Reverend Author has maintained, not only that all the seven letters attributed by Eusebius to Ignatius are genuine, but also that "no Christian writings of the second century, and very few writings of antiquity, whether Christian or pagan, are so well authenticated." These positions, advocated with the utmost confidence by the learned prelate, are sure to be received with implicit confidence by a wide circle of readers; and I have felt impelled here openly to protest against them, inasmuch as I am satisfied that they cannot be accepted without overturning all the legitimate landmarks of historical criticism. I freely acknowledge the eminent services which Dr. Lightfoot has rendered to the Christian Church by his labours as a Commentator on Scripture, and it is therefore all the more important that the serious errors of a writer so distinguished should not be permitted to pass unchallenged. All who love the faith once delivered to the saints, may be expected to regard with deference the letters of a martyr who lived on the borders of the apostolic age; but these Ignatian Epistles betray indications of a very different original, for they reveal a spirit of which no enlightened Christian can approve, and promulgate principles which would sanction the boldest assumptions of ecclesiastical despotism. In a work published by me many years ago, I have pointed out the marks of their imposture; and I have since seen no cause to change my views. Regarding all these letters as forgeries from beginning to end, I have endeavoured, in the following pages, to expose the fallacy of the arguments by which Dr. Lightfoot has attempted their vindication. ASSEMBLY COLLEGE, BELFAST, July 1886.
CHAPTER II. THETESTIMONYOFPOLYCARP TO THEIGNATIAN EPISTLES EXAMINED. Dr. Lightfoot makes a most unguarded statement as to the Ignatian Epistles—The letter of Polycarp better authenticated —The date assigned for the martyrdom of Ignatius—The date of Polycarp's Epistle—Written in the reign of Marcus Aurelius—Not written in the reign of Trajan—The Epistle of Polycarp has no reference to Ignatius of Antioch—It refers to another Ignatius of another age and country—It was written at a time of persecution—The postscript to the letter of Polycarp quite misunderstood—What is meant by letters being carried to Syria—Psyria and Syria, two islands in the Aegaean Sea—The errors of transcribers of the postscript—The true meaning of the postscript—What has led to the mistake as to the claims of the Ignatian Epistles—The continued popularity of these Epistles among High Churchmen.
s's rtnagithoftoning on ge reasotcejehTsihtbus  onyEuf es tmotiTPRECAHE OF DAT.THE IIIO MODRYTRAM EHT  Lr..DRPCALYPOF itnessesDr. Dölilgnres'e tsmitaofe er Jeome Thisabno sihw D hcus, sebime, Jerotoehna dsubesrEdJans iuhie omermoc ylhgw tnetep
CHAPTER IV. THETESTIMONYOFIRENAEUS AND THEGENESIS OFPRELACY. The testimony of Irenaeus quite misunderstood—Refers to the dying words of one of the martyrs of Lyons—The internal evidence against the genuineness of the Ignatian Epistles—The contrast between the Epistle of Polycarp and the Ignatian Epistles as exhibited by Dr. Lightfoot himself—Additional points of contrast—Dr. Lightfoot quite mistaken as to the origin of Prelacy—It did not originate in the East, or Asia Minor, but in Rome—The argument from the cases of Timothy and Titus untenable— Jerome's account of the origin of Prelacy—James not the first bishop of Jerusalem—In the early part of the second century the Churches of Rome, Corinth, and Smyrna were Presbyterian—Irenaeus conceals the origin of Prelacy—Coins the doctrine of the apostolical succession—The succession cannot be determined even in Rome—Testimony of Stillingfleet—In what sense Polycarp may have been constituted a bishop by the apostles.
CHAPTER V. THEFORGERYOFTHEIGNATIAN EPISTLES. We have no positive historical information as to the origin of the Ignatian Epistles—First saw the light in the early part of the third century—Such forgeries then common—What was then thought by many as to pious frauds—Callistus of Rome probably concerned in the fabrication of the Ignatian Epistles—His remarkable history—The Epistle to the Romans first forged—It embodies the credentials of the rest—Montanism stimulated the desire for martyrdom—The prevalence of this mania early in the third century—The Ignatian Epistles present it in its most outrageous form—The Epistle to the Romans must have been very popular at Rome—Doubtful whether Ignatius was martyred at Rome—The Ignatian Epistles intended to advance the claims of Prelacy—Well fitted to do so at the time of their appearance—The account of Callistus given by Hippolytus—The Ignatian letters point to Callistus as their author—Cannot have been written in the beginning of the second century—Their doctrine that of the Papacy.
APPENDIX I.—Letter of Dr. Cureton.  II.—The Ignatian Epistle to the Romans.
[ENDNOTES]
THE IGNATIAN EPISTLES ENTIRELY SPURIOUS.
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CHAPTER I. PRELIMINARY OBSERVATIONS.
orming "a considrebaell si tfos rev no ytnesa detiestemasie-d dec nortvoi  nhtsi has preersy, heeht fo smialc eh fass lestpi Ese fhtsko psaeH. ect trejewho ose m yad ee mevyrs nce which othersa seniage tsedivn caosclhie eys  eath vaaptrek n wri the whoterspa nehw gnisiarpctfaisatenEvy.orases whe and phrniw rosd sivwe sfot hir sue orppac ees nnoitH .s he  andind;he kfot ni gonhtev rcois danrcveerbso yranidro na er