The Kingdom of God Is Within You
377 Pages
English
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The Kingdom of God Is Within You

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377 Pages
English

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Project Gutenberg's The Kingdom of God is within you, by Leo Tolstoy #14 in our series by Leo TolstoyCopyright laws are changing all over the world. Be sure to check the copyright laws for your country before downloadingor redistributing this or any other Project Gutenberg file.We encourage you to keep this file, exactly as it is, on your own disk, thereby keeping an electronic path open for futurereaders.Please do not remove this.This header should be the first thing seen when anyone starts to view the etext. Do not change or edit it without writtenpermission. The words are carefully chosen to provide users with the information they need to understand what they mayand may not do with the etext. To encourage this, we have moved most of the information to the end, rather than having itall here at the beginning.**Welcome To The World of Free Plain Vanilla Electronic Texts****Etexts Readable By Both Humans and By Computers, Since 1971*******These Etexts Were Prepared By Thousands of Volunteers!*****Information on contacting Project Gutenberg to get etexts, and further information, is included below. We need yourdonations.The Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation is a 501(c)(3) organization with EIN [Employee Identification Number]64-6221541 Find out about how to make a donation at the bottom of this file.Title: The Kingdom of God is within youAuthor: Leo TolstoyEdition: 10Language: EnglishRelease Date: November, 2003 [Etext #4602][Yes, we are ...

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Project Gutenberg's The Kingdom of God is within
you, by Leo Tolstoy #14 in our series by Leo
Tolstoy
Copyright laws are changing all over the world. Be
sure to check the copyright laws for your country
before downloading or redistributing this or any
other Project Gutenberg file.
We encourage you to keep this file, exactly as it is,
on your own disk, thereby keeping an electronic
path open for future readers.
Please do not remove this.
This header should be the first thing seen when
anyone starts to view the etext. Do not change or
edit it without written permission. The words are
carefully chosen to provide users with the
information they need to understand what they
may and may not do with the etext. To encourage
this, we have moved most of the information to the
end, rather than having it all here at the beginning.
**Welcome To The World of Free Plain Vanilla
Electronic Texts**
**Etexts Readable By Both Humans and By
Computers, Since 1971**
*****These Etexts Were Prepared By Thousands of
Volunteers!*****
Information on contacting Project Gutenberg to get
etexts, and further information, is included below.
We need your donations.
The Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation
is a 501(c)(3) organization with EIN [Employee
Identification Number] 64-6221541 Find out about
how to make a donation at the bottom of this file.
Title: The Kingdom of God is within you
Author: Leo TolstoyEdition: 10
Language: English
Release Date: November, 2003 [Etext #4602]
[Yes, we are more than one year ahead of
schedule]
[This file was first posted on February 17, 2002]
[Date last updated: December 1, 2003]
Project Gutenberg's The Kingdom of God is within
you, by Leo Tolstoy
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Corrected EDITIONS of our etexts get a new
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[For those interested, there is a note at the end of
this document that details the adaptations made to
this work to fit it into plain ASCII text]"THE KINGDOM OF
GOD IS WITHIN YOU"
CHRISTIANITY NOT AS
A MYSTIC RELIGION
BUT AS A NEW
THEORY OF LIFE
TRANSLATED FROM THE RUSSIAN OF COUNT
LEO TOLSTOI
BY CONSTANCE GARNETT
New York, 1894
TRANSLATOR'S PREFACE.
The book I have had the privilege of translating is,
undoubtedly, one of the most remarkable studies
of the social and psychological condition of the
modern world which has appeared in Europe for
many years, and its influence is sure to be lasting
and far reaching. Tolstoi's genius is beyond
dispute. The verdict of the civilized world has
pronounced him as perhaps the greatest novelist
of our generation. But the philosophical and
religious works of his later years have met with a
somewhat indifferent reception. They have been
much talked about, simply because they were his
work, but, as Tolstoi himself complains, they havenever been seriously discussed. I hardly think that
he will have to repeat the complaint in regard to the
present volume. One may disagree with his views,
but no one can seriously deny the originality,
boldness, and depth of the social conception which
he develops with such powerful logic. The novelist
has shown in this book the religious fervor and
spiritual insight of the prophet; yet one is pleased
to recognize that the artist is not wholly lost in the
thinker. The subtle intuitive perception of the
psychological basis of the social position, the
analysis of the frame of mind of oppressors and
oppressed, and of the intoxication of Authority and
Servility, as well as the purely descriptive passages
in the last chapter—these could only have come
from the author of "War and Peace."
The book will surely give all classes of readers
much to think of, and must call forth much
criticism. It must be refuted by those who
disapprove of its teaching, if they do not want it to
have great influence.
One cannot of course anticipate that English
people, slow as they are to be influenced by ideas,
and instinctively distrustful of all that is logical, will
take a leap in the dark and attempt to put Tolstoi's
theory of life into practice. But one may at least be
sure that his destructive criticism of the present
social and political RÉGIME will become a powerful
force in the work of disintegration and social
reconstruction which is going on around us. Many
earnest thinkers who, like Tolstoi, are struggling to
find their way out of the contradictions of our social
order will hail him as their spiritual guide. The
individuality of the author is felt in every line of his
work, and even the most prejudiced cannot resist
the fascination of his genuineness, sincerity, and
profound earnestness. Whatever comes from a
heart such as his, swelling with anger and pity at
the sufferings of humanity, cannot fail to reach the
hearts of others. No reader can put down the book
without feeling himself better and more truth-loving
for having read it.
Many readers may be disappointed with the
opening chapters of the book. Tolstoi disdains all
attempt to captivate the reader. He begins bylaying what he considers to be the logical
foundation of his doctrines, stringing together
quotations from little-known theological writers, and
he keeps his own incisive logic for the later part of
the book.
One word as to the translation. Tolstoi's style in his
religious and philosophical works differs
considerably from that of his novels. He no longer
cares about the form of his work, and his style is
often slipshod, involved, and diffuse. It has been
my aim to give a faithful reproduction of the
original.
CONSTANCE GARNETT.
January,1894PREFACE.
In the year 1884 I wrote a book under the title
"What I Believe," in which I did in fact make a
sincere statement of my beliefs.
In affirming my belief in Christ's teaching, I could
not help explaining why I do not believe, and
consider as mistaken, the Church's doctrine, which
is usually called Christianity.
Among the many points in which this doctrine falls
short of the doctrine of Christ I pointed out as the
principal one the absence of any commandment of
non-resistance to evil by force. The perversion of
Christ's teaching by the teaching of the Church is
more clearly apparent in this than in any other
point of difference.
I know—as we all do—very little of the practice and
the spoken and written doctrine of former times on
the subject of non- resistance to evil. I knew what
had been said on the subject by the fathers of the
Church—Origen, Tertullian, and others—I knew too
of the existence of some so-called sects of
Mennonites, Herrnhuters, and Quakers, who do
not allow a Christian the use of weapons, and do
not enter military service; but I knew little of what
had been done. by these so-called sects toward
expounding the question.
My book was, as I had anticipated, suppressed by
the Russian censorship; but partly owing to my
literary reputation, partly because the book had
excited people's curiosity, it circulated in
manuscript and in lithographed copies in Russia
and through translations abroad, and it evolved, on
one side, from those who shared my convictions, a
series of essays with a great deal of information on
the subject, on the other side a series of criticisms
on the principles laid down in my book.
A great deal was made clear to me by both hostile
and sympathetic criticism, and also by the historical
events of late years; and I was led to fresh results
and conclusions, which I wish now to expound.First I will speak of the information I received on
the history of the question of non-resistance to evil;
then of the views of this question maintained by
spiritual critics, that is, by professed believers in
the Christian religion, and also by temporal ones,
that is, those who do not profess the Christian
religion; and lastly I will speak of the conclusions to
which I have been brought by all this in the light of
the historical events of late years.
L. TOLSTOI.
YASNAÏA POLIANA,
May 14/26, 1893.CONTENTS.
I. THE DOCTRINE OF NONRESISTANCE TO
EVIL BY FORCE HAS BEEN PROFESSED BY A
MINORITY OF MEN FROM THE VERY
FOUNDATION OF CHRISTIANITY
II. CRITICISMS OF THE DOCTRINE OF NON-
RESISTANCE TO EVIL BY FORCE ON THE
PART OF BELIEVERS AND OF UNBELIEVERS
III. CHRISTIANITY MISUNDERSTOOD BY
BELIEVERS
IV. CHRISTIANITY MISUNDERSTOOD BY MEN
OF SCIENCE
V. CONTRADICTION BETWEEN OUR LIFE AND
OUR CHRISTIAN CONSCIENCE
VI. ATTITUDE OF MEN OF THE PRESENT DAY
TO WAR
VII. SIGNIFICANCE OF COMPULSORY SERVICE
VIII. DOCTRINE OF NON-RESISTANCE TO EVIL
BY FORCE MUST INEVITABLY BE ACCEPTED
BY MEN OF THE PRESENT DAY
IX. THE ACCEPTANCE OF THE CHRISTIAN
CONCEPTION OF LIFE WILL EMANCIPATE MEN
FROM THE MISERIES OF OUR PAGAN LIFE
X. EVIL CANNOT BE SUPRESSED BY THE
PHYSICAL FORCE OF THE GOVERNMENT—
THE MORAL PROGRESS OF HUMANITY IS
BROUGHT ABOUT NOT ONLY BY INDIVIDUAL
RECOGNITION OF THE TRUTH BUT ALSO
THROUGH THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A PUBLIC
OPINIONXI. THE CHRISTIAN CONCEPTION OF LIFE HAS
ALREADY ARISEN IN OUR SOCIETY, AND WILL
INFALLIBLY PUT AN END TO THE PRESENT
ORGANIZATION OP OUR LIFE BASED ON
FORCE—WHEN THAT WILL BE
XII. CONCLUSION—REPENT YE, FOR THE
KINGDOM OF HEAVEN IS AT HAND
"Ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall
make you
free. "—John viii. 32.
"Fear not them which hill the body, but are
not able to
kill the soul; but rather fear him which is able
to
destroy both soul and body in hell."—MATT. x.
28.
"Ye have been bought with a price; be not ye
the servants
of men."—I COR. vii. 23.
"THE KINGDOM OF
GOD IS WITHIN YOU."
CHAPTER I.
THE DOCTRINE OF NON-RESISTANCE TO EVIL
BY FORCE HAS BEEN PROFESSED BY A
MINORITY OF MEN FROM THE VERY