The Life of Columbus
293 Pages
English

The Life of Columbus

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The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Life of Columbus, by Arthur Helps This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever.You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.net Title: The Life of Columbus Author: Arthur Helps Release Date: March 12, 2005 [EBook #15336] Language: English Character set encoding: ASCII *** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK THE LIFE OF COLUMBUS *** Produced by Don Kostuch Transcribers Notes: Several non-English proper names have been rendered in ASCI, omitting the proper accents. The following glossary provides references and definitions of unfamiliar (to me) terms and names. Adelantado Governor or commander. Refers to Don Bartholomew Columbus (brother of Christopher) in this volume. Angelic Doctor: Thomas Aquinas Arroba In Spanish-speaking countries, about 25 pounds. In Portuguese-speaking countries, about 32 pounds. Aught Anything whatever. Bartholomew Columbus Brother of Christopher Columbus. Cacique Indian chief in the Spanish West Indies. Ca da Mosto or Cadamosto Alvise Ca' da Mosto, (1432-1488) Venetian explorer and trader who wrote early accounts of western Africa. Caonabo Cacique (chief) who destroyed the first garrison at La Navidad.

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Published 08 December 2010
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Language English
The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Life of Columbus, by Arthur Helps This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.net
Title: The Life of Columbus Author: Arthur Helps Release Date: March 12, 2005 [EBook #15336] Language: English Character set encoding: ASCII *** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK THE LIFE OF COLUMBUS ***
Produced by Don Kostuch
Transcribers Notes:
Several nonEnglish proper names have been rendered in ASCI, omitting the proper accents.
The following glossary provides references and definitions of unfamiliar (to me) terms and names.
Adelantado Governor or commander. Refers to Don Bartholomew Columbus (brother of Christopher) in this volume.
Angelic Doctor: Thomas Aquinas
Arroba In Spanishspeaking countries, about 25 pounds. In Portuguesespeaking countries, about 32 pounds.
Aught Anything whatever.
Bartholomew Columbus Brother of Christopher Columbus.
Cacique Indian chief in the Spanish West Indies.
Ca da Mosto or Cadamosto Alvise Ca' da Mosto, (14321488) Venetian explorer and trader who wrote early accounts of western Africa.
Caonabo Cacique (chief) who destroyed the first garrison at La Navidad.
Cave of Adullam About 13 miles west of Bethlehem where David gathered together "every one that was in distress, and every one that was in debt, and every one that was discontented" (1 Sam. 22:2).
Cipango Japan.
Compeer Person of equal status; a peer.
Contumely Contempt arising from arrogance; insolence.
Cosmography Study of the universe, including geography and astronomy.
Diego Columbus Son of Columbus and Donna Felipa
Don Diego Columbus Brother of Columbus
Donna Felipa Munnis Perestrelo Wife of Christopher Columbus. Daughter of the first governor of Porto Santo. Only issue was Diego.
Dragon's blood Thick red liquid from a palm (Daemonorops draco) in tropical Asia; formerly used in varnishes and lacquers.
Encomienda A grant entitling Spaniards to land plus the Native American inhabitants of that land. The land and its inhabitants.
Fernando Columbus Son of Christopher Columbus and Beatrice.
Friesland Located in Europe on the North Sea between the Scheldt and Weser rivers. Now a province of the northern Netherlands.
Galliot Light, swift galley.
Gyve Shackle for the leg.
Las Casas Bartlome de las Casas is the chief source of information about the islands after Columbus arrived. Other historians overlooked the Indian slave trade, begun by Columbus; Las Casas denounced it as "among the most unpardonable offenses ever committed against God and mankind."
Machiavelli: Nicolo Machiavelli (14691527) Political philosopher, author ofThe Prince, that focuses on problems of a monarch and the foundation of political authority and how to retain power, rather than pursue ideals.
Maravedis Spanish currency. One million Maravedis ( onecuentos) in 1490 is equivalent to about £308 in 1860, or US$ 48,000 in 2005.
Martyr, Peter Peter Martyr d'Anghera wrote early accounts of Columbus, Ojeda, Cortes, and other Spanish explorers. An Italian humanist from Florence. Served as tutor in the Spanish court and had direct access to Columbus. Author ofDe Orbe Novodescribing the first European contacts with native Americans.
Moors Arabs
Provence Province of southeast France bordering on the Mediterranean.
Pinzon, Martin Alonzo Chief shipowner of Palos. Accompanied Columbus as a captain.
Paria, Gulf of Between Trinidad and Venezuela.
Repartimiento Spanish, from repartir , to divide. Distribution of slaves or assessment of taxes.
Tagus River on the Iberian Peninsula flowing westward through central Portugal into the Atlantic.
Ultima Thule Ancient name for northernmost region of the habitable world.
End of Transcribers Notes
The Life of Columbus
GEORGE BELL & SONS,
LONDON: YORK STREET, COVENT GARDEN
NEW YORK: 66, FIFTH AVENUE, AND
BOMBAY: 53, ESPLANADE ROAD
CAMBRIDGE: DEIGHTON, BELL & CO.
THE LIFE OF COLUMBUS
CHIEFLY BY SIR ARTHUR HELPS K.C.B.
A U T H O R O F " T H E S P A N I S H C O N Q U E S T I N A M E R I C A "
" FRI ENDS I N COUNCI L" ETC.
LONDON
GEORGE BELL AND SONS
1897
First published1868.
Reprinted1869, 1873, 1874, 1877, 1878, 1881,
1883, 1887, 1890, 1892.
Included in Bohn's Standard Library, 1896,
Reprinted 1897.