The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898, Volume 36, 1649-1666 - Explorations by early navigators, descriptions of the islands and their peoples, their history and records of the catholic missions, as related in contemporaneous books and manuscripts, showing the political, economic, commercial and religious conditions of those islands from their earliest relations with European nations to the close of the nineteenth century.
132 Pages
English
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The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898, Volume 36, 1649-1666 - Explorations by early navigators, descriptions of the islands and their peoples, their history and records of the catholic missions, as related in contemporaneous books and manuscripts, showing the political, economic, commercial and religious conditions of those islands from their earliest relations with European nations to the close of the nineteenth century.

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132 Pages
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The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Philippine Islands, 1493–1898, Volume XXXVI, 1649–1666, by Various This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org Title: The Philippine Islands, 1493–1898, Volume XXXVI, 1649–1666 Explorations by early navigators, descriptions of the islands and their peoples, their history and records of the catholic missions, as related in contemporaneous books and manuscripts, showing the political, economic, commercial and religious conditions of those islands from their earliest relations with European nations to the close of the nineteenth century Author: Various Contributor: Edward Gaylord Bourne Editor: Emma Helen Blair James Alexander Robertson Release Date: October 28, 2009 [EBook #30350] Language: English Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1 *** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS *** Produced by Jeroen Hellingman and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team at http://www.pgdp.net/ The Philippine Islands, 1493 –1898 Explorations by early navigators, descriptions of the islands and their peoples, their history and records of the catholic missions, as related in contemporaneous books and manuscripts, showing the political, economic, commercial and religious conditions of those islands from their earliest relations with European nations to the close of the nineteenth century, Volume XXXVI, 1649–1666 Edited and annotated by Emma Helen Blair and James Alexander Robertson with historical introduction and additional notes by Edward Gaylord Bourne. [5] [Contents] Contents of Volume XXXVI Preface Documents of 1649–1658 Royal funeral rites at Manila . [Unsigned;] Manila, 1649. Royal aid for Jesuits asked by Manila cabildo . Matheo de Arceo, and others; Manila, June 20, 1652. Condition of the Philippines in 1652 . Magino Sola, S. J.; September 16, 1652. Jesuit missions in 1655. Miguel Solana, S. J.; San Pedro, June 30, 1655. 9 23 44 49 53 Letter from the archbishop of Manila to Felipe IV . Miguel de Poblete; Manila, July 30, 1656. Two Jesuit memorials, regarding religious in the Moluccas, and the Inquisition. Francisco Vello, S. J.; [Madrid, 1658]. Jesuit protest against the Dominican university. Miguel Solana, S. J.; [1658?]. Description of the Philipinas Islands . [Ygnacio de Paz; Mexico, ca. 1658]. Documents of 1660–1666 Recollect missions, 1646–60. Luis de Jesús and Diego de Santa Theresa, O.S.A., (Recollect); [compiled from their works]. Description of Filipinas Islands . Bartholomé de Letona, O.S.F.; La Puebla, Mexico, 1662. Events in Manila, 1662–63. [Unsigned; July, 1663?]. Letter to Francisco Yzquierdo. Diego de Salcedo; Manila, July 16, 1664. Why the friars are not subjected to episcopal visitation. [Unsigned and undated; 1666?]. Appendix: Judicial conditions in the Philippines in 1842 Bibliographical Data 63 68 74 87 109 189 218 261 264 279 307 [6] [7] [Contents] Illustrations Map of Philippine and Ladrone Islands; photographic facsimile of map by Sansón d’Abbeville ([Paris?], 1652); from copy in Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris. Map of Cavite, with proposed fortifications, by the engineer Juan de Somovilla Tejada; photographic facsimile from original MS. (dated 1663) in Archivo general de Indias, Sevilla. Chart of the island of Luzón, with some of the smaller islands, drawn by a Dutch artist, ca. 1650; photographic facsimile of original MS. map in the British Museum. Birds-eye view of bay of Cavite, showing towns, fortifications, etc., by the engineer Richard Carr (in employ of the Dutch), captured in Madrid; photographic facsimile from original MS. (dated 1663), in Archivo general de Indias, Sevilla. facing p. 50 93 191 215 [9] [Contents] Preface The present volume, covering the years 1649–66, is mainly ecclesiastical in scope. An appendix, showing the judicial state of the islands in 1842, is added. A number of the documents are from Jesuit sources, or treat of the affairs of that order. Among these are an account of the Jesuit missions in the islands, and their protest against the erection of the Dominican college at Manila into a university. The archdiocese of Manila strives to gain more authority, both in the outlying islands of the Eastern Archipelago and over the administration of parishes by the regular orders; and effort is made to strengthen the power of the tribunal of the Inquisition at Manila. The question of episcopal visitation of the regular curas is already vital, and the later conflicts over this question are plainly foreshadowed, and even begun. The history of the Recollect missions for the above period shows their prosperous condition until the time when so many of their laborers die that the work is partially crippled. As for secular affairs, the most important is the Chinese revolt, of 1662; this and other disturbances greatly hinder and injure the prosperity of the islands. Reverting to the separate documents: a curious pamphlet (Manila, 1649) describes the funeral ceremonies recently solemnized in that city in honor of the deceased crown prince of Spain, Baltasar Carlos. Solemn and magnificent rites are celebrated, both civil and religious; and a funeral pyre, or chapelle ardente, is erected in the royal military chapel, the splendors of which are minutely described. The Manila cabildo send a letter (June 20, 1652) to the king, praising the work of the Jesuits in the Philippines, and urging the king to send thither more men of that order. Their services as confessors, preachers, missionaries, and peacemakers are recounted, and their poverty is urged; they are sending an envoy to Spain, to ask for royal aid, a request supported by the cabildo. The Jesuit Magino Sola represents, in a memorial (September 15, 1652) to Governor Manrique de Lara, the needs of the Philippine Islands. The greatest of these is men and arms; and with these must be provided money to pay the soldiers. Sola enumerates the many misfortunes which have reduced the islands to poverty, and urges that the aid sent from Mexico be greatly increased. An account of the Jesuit missions in the islands in 1655 is furnished by Miguel Solana, by command of Governor Manrique de Lara. He enumerates the villages administered by Jesuits, with the names of the priests in charge. To this we append a similar report, made the year before, enumerating the missions in Mindanao and the population of each. The archbishop of Manila, Miguel Poblete, writes to the king (July 30, 1656), making some suggestions regarding diocesan affairs: that the bishopric of Camarines be discontinued, and its prelate assigned to the Moro and heathen peoples farther south; and that ministers be sent from Manila to outlying islands for their spiritual aid, as thus far these have been dependent on Goa. Poblete asks whether he shall ordain Portuguese priests who come to him for this office; on this point the royal Council ask for further information. Two memorials presented (1658) by the Jesuits to the king ask that a