The Prayer Book Explained
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The Prayer Book Explained

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The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Prayer Book Explained, by Percival JacksonThis eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it,give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online atwww.gutenberg.netTitle: The Prayer Book ExplainedAuthor: Percival JacksonRelease Date: May 8, 2007 [EBook #21351]Language: English*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK THE PRAYER BOOK EXPLAINED ***Produced by Al HainesTHE PRAYER BOOK EXPLAINEDBY THEREV. PERCIVAL JACKSON, M.A.,JESUS COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE.PART I.THE DAILY OFFICES AND THE LITANY.CAMBRIDGE:AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS.1901"The book requireth but orderly reading."HOOKER, v. xxxi. 3.{v}PREFACE.To those who believe in One Holy Catholic Church wherein dwelleth the Holy Spirit, it will always be difficult to distrust theService Book of any Branch of it. The old claim made at Jerusalem with regard to the vexed questions of the Church'sinfancy, It seemed good to the Holy Ghost, and to us (Acts xv. 28), rested not on the presence there of the good andwise, on the prudence or self-sacrifice of those who had hazarded their lives for the Name, but on the reality of the Lord'spromised Presence. Not because there were Apostles there, but because those there were the Catholic and ApostolicChurch, they asked and received the guidance of the Holy Spirit.It was a living and lasting Presence, ...

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The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Prayer Book
Explained, by Percival Jackson
This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at
no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever.
You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the
terms of the Project Gutenberg License included
with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.net
Title: The Prayer Book Explained
Author: Percival Jackson
Release Date: May 8, 2007 [EBook #21351]
Language: English
*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG
EBOOK THE PRAYER BOOK EXPLAINED ***
Produced by Al HainesTHE PRAYER BOOK
EXPLAINED
BY THE
REV. PERCIVAL JACKSON, M.A.,
JESUS COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE.PART I.
THE DAILY OFFICES AND THE LITANY.CAMBRIDGE:
AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS.
1901
"The book requireth but orderly reading."
HOOKER, v. xxxi. 3.
{v}
PREFACE.
To those who believe in One Holy Catholic Church
wherein dwelleth the Holy Spirit, it will always be
difficult to distrust the Service Book of any Branch
of it. The old claim made at Jerusalem with regard
to the vexed questions of the Church's infancy, It
seemed good to the Holy Ghost, and to us (Acts
xv. 28), rested not on the presence there of the
good and wise, on the prudence or self-sacrifice of
those who had hazarded their lives for the Name,
but on the reality of the Lord's promised Presence.
Not because there were Apostles there, butbecause those there were the Catholic and
Apostolic Church, they asked and received the
guidance of the Holy Spirit.
It was a living and lasting Presence, touching with
saving grace the treatment of such questions as
the observance of Mosaic precepts, {vi} the eating
of bought meat, as well as Purity of Life. We
cannot doubt, then, that many Services which have
been criticised on afterthoughts were essentially
constructed in accordance with the Faith once for
all delivered to the Church.
To renounce this conviction with regard to our own
Church of England is to surrender its inheritance.
Men of various tastes may prefer diverse rites:
reasonable sequence may suggest one method,
and glowing impulse another, fear of
misunderstanding a third; but that which has
seemed good to the Holy Ghost and His Temple,
the Church, demands that we shall endeavour to
believe it to be good, and use it in the temper of
faith.
The critical spirit, as we now use criticism, is not
the spirit of worship. For the spirit of worship is
moved by Faith—Faith supremely in God, but also
faith in the words which we use, and in the people
with whom we use them.
Thus the truest cure for Doubt is Worship. If my
faith in a friend weakens I must go to see him, to
speak with him, to restore our mutual {vii}
confidence and love. In like manner, if my faith inGod through Christ weakens, I must go to Him,
speak with Him, seek a return of the old confidence
and love.
In the belief that God is calling us to know Him
more perfectly by the Worship which we offer in
heart and life, and in the confidence that our
Branch of the Church has the guidance of the
Indwelling Spirit, this book is dedicated to His glory.
P. J.
May 1901.
{ix}
CONTENTS.
CHAPTER I.
PAGE
Extempore Worship and Forms of Worship . . . . .
. . . . . 1
Variations of words and phrases:
a. Variety of Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
b. Variety in Singing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . —
c. Variations in the component parts . . . . . . . .
4CHAPTER II.
Origin of Morning and Evening Prayer . . . . . . . . .
. . 5
The Day Hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
General Scheme of the Day Hours . . . . . . . . . . .
. . 8
Names and Titles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
CHAPTER III.
The Model—The Lord's Prayer . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. 12
a. Two kinds of Worship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
b. Praise and Prayer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
c. Intention and Setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
d. The Key-note of Prayer and Praise . . . . . . . .
16
e. Forms of Worship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
f. Worship-Forms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Table of Worship Forms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
21
Appendix A. Hooker on the use of Worship-Forms
. . . . 22
CHAPTER IV.
Morning and Evening Prayer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. 24
The two headings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Map of the two Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
28
Sentences, Exhortation, Confession, Absolution .
. . . . . 29
Rubrics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Duplication of Phrases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
CHAPTER V. PRAISE I.
The Psalms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
The first Lord's Prayer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
The Ladder of Praise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . —
Versicles and Psalms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
39
Psalms in Daily Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
42
CHAPTER VI. PRAISE II.
The Lessons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
A. The Study of the Bible a help to worship:
The Old Testament—1. Its agreement with the
New . . . 48
2. Its teachings . . . . . . . . . —
3. Its 3 parts—(a) The Law,
(b) The Psalms, (c) The
Prophets . . . . . . . . . . . —
The New Testament—4. Its 3 parts—(a) The
History,
(b) The Epistles, (c) The
Revelation . . . . . . . . . . 49
The Apocrypha— 5. Its place in the PrayerBook . . 51
B. Lessons and Lectionaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Jewish Lectionaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Early Christian Lectionaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Our own Lectionary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
The Reader . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Appendix B. Justin Martyr's description of Holy
Baptism and Holy Communion . . . . . . . .
58
CHAPTER VII. PRAISE III.
Hymns in the Daily Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
60
The Day Hour Hymns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

The Canticles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Map of the Lessons and their Canticles . . . . . . . .
. 64
CHAPTER VIII. PRAISE IV.
Te Deum Laudamus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
65
The Latin original. Its three stanzas . . . . . . . . . .
66
Notes on the words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Note on the Doxology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
74