William Lloyd Garrison - The Abolitionist
103 Pages
English

William Lloyd Garrison - The Abolitionist

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The Project Gutenberg EBook of William Lloyd Garrison, by Archibald H. Grimke This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.net Title: William Lloyd Garrison The Abolitionist Author: Archibald H. Grimke Release Date: January 1, 2005 [EBook #14555] Language: English Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1 *** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK WILLIAM LLOYD GARRISON *** Produced by Jonathan Ingram, Amy Overmyer and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team William Lloyd Garrison (1891) By Grimke, Archibald H. (18491930) Wm. Lloyd Garrison Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Grimké, Archibald Henry, 1849-1930. William Lloyd Garrison, the abolitionist. Reprint of the 1891 ed. published by Funk & Wagnalls, New York. 1. Garrison, William Lloyd, 1805-1879. Reprinted from the edition of 1891, New York First AMS edition published in 1974 To Mrs. Anna M. Day, who has been a mother to my little girl, and a sister to me, this book is gratefully and affectionately dedicated, by The Author . PREFACE. The author of this volume desires by way of preface to say just two things:—firstly, that it is his earnest hope that this record of a hero may be an aid to brave and true living in the Republic, so that the problems knocking at its door for solution may find the heads, the hands, and the hearts equal to the performance of the duties imposed by them upon the men and women of this generation. William Lloyd Garrison was brave and true. Bravery and truth were the secret of his marvelous career and achievements. May his countrymen and countrywomen imitate his example and be brave and true, not alone in emergent moments, but in everyday things as well. So much for the author's firstly, now for his secondly, which is to acknowledge his large indebtedness in the preparation of this book to that storehouse of anti-slavery material, the story of the life of William Lloyd Garrison by his children. Out of its garnered riches he has filled his sack. HYDE PARK, MASS., May 10, 1891. CONTENTS. Dedication Preface CHAPTER I. The Father of the Man CHAPTER II. The Man Hears a Voice: Samuel, Samuel! CHAPTER III. The Man Begins his Ministry CHAPTER IV. The Hour and the Man CHAPTER V. The Day of Small Things CHAPTER VI. The Heavy World is Moved CHAPTER VII. Master Strokes CHAPTER VIII. Colorphobia CHAPTER IX. Agitation and Repression CHAPTER X. Between the Acts CHAPTER XI. Mischief Let Loose CHAPTER XII. Flotsam and Jetsam CHAPTER XIII. The Barometer Continues to Fall CHAPTER XIV. 263 242 233 92 III V 11 38 69 110 118 133 157 170 192 208 CHAPTER XIV. Brotherly Love Fails, and Ideas Abound CHAPTER XV. Random Shots CHAPTER XVI. 263 292 306 The Pioneer Makes a New and Startling Departure CHAPTER XVII. 319 As in a Looking Glass CHAPTER XVIII. The Turning of a Long Lane CHAPTER XIX. Face to Face CHAPTER XX. The Death-Grapple CHAPTER XXI. The Last Index 397 335 356 370 385 WILLIAM LLOYD GARRISON. CHAPTER I. THE FATHER OF THE MAN. William Lloyd Garrison was born in Newburyport, Massachusetts, December 10, 1805. Forty years before, Daniel Palmer, his great-grandfather, emigrated from Massachusetts and settled with three sons and a daughter on the St. John River, in Nova Scotia. The daughter's name was Mary, and it was she who was to be the future grandmother of our hero. One of the neighbors of Daniel Palmer was Joseph Garrison, who was probably an Englishman. He was certainly a bachelor. The Acadian solitude of five hundred acres and Mary Palmer's charms proved too much for the susceptible heart of Joseph Garrison. He wooed and won her, and on his thirtieth birthday she became his wife. The bride herself was but twenty-three, a woman of resources and of presence of mind, as she needed to be in that primitive settlement. Children and cares came apace to the young wife, and we may be sure confined her more and more closely to her house. But in the midst of a fast-increasing family and of multiplying cares a day's outing did occasionally come to the busy housewife, when she would go down the river to spend it at her father's farm. Once, ten years after her marriage, she had a narrow escape on one of those rare days. She had started in a boat with her youngest child, Abijah, and a lad who worked in her household. It was spring and the St. John was not yet clear of ice. Higher up the river the ice broke that morning and came floating down with the current. The boat in which Mary Garrison and her baby rode was overtaken by the fragments and wrecked. The mother with her child sought refuge on a piece of ice and was driven shoreward. Wrapping Abijah in all the clothes she could spare she threw him ashore. She and the lad followed by the aid of an overhanging willow bough. The baby was unharmed, for she had thrown him into a snow-bank. But the perils of the river gave place to the perils of the woods. In them Mary Garrison wandered with her infant, who was no less a personage than the father of William Lloyd Garrison, until at length she found the hut of a friendly Indian, who took her in and "entertained her with his best words and deeds, and the next morning conducted her safely to her father's." The Palmers were a hardy, liberty-loving race of farmers, and Joseph Garrison was a man of unusual force and independence of character. The life which these early settlers lived was a life lived partly on the land and partly on the river. They were equally at home with scythe or oar. Amid such terraqueous conditions it was natural enough that the children should develop a passion for the sea. Like ducks many of them took to the water and became sailors. Abijah was a sailor. The amphibious habits of boyhood gave to his manhood a restless, roving character. Like the element which he loved he was in constant motion. He was a man of gifts both of mind and body. There was besides a strain of romance and adventure in his blood. By nature and his seafaring life he probably craved strong excitement. This craving was in part appeased no doubt by travel and drink. He took to the sea and he took to the cup. But he was more than a creature of appetites, he was a man of sentiment. Being a man of sentiment what should he do but fall in love. The woman who