Woman and the New Race
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Woman and the New Race

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The Project Gutenberg EBook of Woman and the New Race, by Margaret Sanger #2 in our series by Margaret SangerCopyright laws are changing all over the world. Be sure to check the copyright laws for your country before downloadingor redistributing this or any other Project Gutenberg eBook.This header should be the first thing seen when viewing this Project Gutenberg file. Please do not remove it. Do notchange or edit the header without written permission.Please read the "legal small print," and other information about the eBook and Project Gutenberg at the bottom of thisfile. Included is important information about your specific rights and restrictions in how the file may be used. You can alsofind out about how to make a donation to Project Gutenberg, and how to get involved.**Welcome To The World of Free Plain Vanilla Electronic Texts****eBooks Readable By Both Humans and By Computers, Since 1971*******These eBooks Were Prepared By Thousands of Volunteers!*****Title: Woman and the New RaceAuthor: Margaret SangerRelease Date: August, 2005 [EBook #8660] [Yes, we are more than one year ahead of schedule] [This file was firstposted on July 30, 2003]Edition: 10Language: English*** START OF THE PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK WOMAN AND THE NEW RACE ***Produced by Eric Eldred and Distributed Proofeaders.WOMAN AND THE NEW RACEBYMARGARET SANGERWith A Preface By Havelock Ellis* * * * * *New York 1920* * * * * *DEDICATED TOTHE MEMORY OF MY MOTHER, A MOTHERWHO ...

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The Project Gutenberg EBook of Woman and theNew Race, by Margaret Sanger #2 in our series byMargaret SangerCopyright laws are changing all over the world. Besure to check the copyright laws for your countrybefore downloading or redistributing this or anyother Project Gutenberg eBook.This header should be the first thing seen whenviewing this Project Gutenberg file. Please do notremove it. Do not change or edit the headerwithout written permission.Please read the "legal small print," and otherinformation about the eBook and ProjectGutenberg at the bottom of this file. Included isimportant information about your specific rights andrestrictions in how the file may be used. You canalso find out about how to make a donation toProject Gutenberg, and how to get involved.**Welcome To The World of Free Plain VanillaElectronic Texts****eBooks Readable By Both Humans and ByComputers, Since 1971*******These eBooks Were Prepared By Thousandsof Volunteers!*****Title: Woman and the New Race
Author: Margaret SangerRelease Date: August, 2005 [EBook #8660] [Yes,we are more than one year ahead of schedule][This file was first posted on July 30, 2003]Edition: 10Language: English*** START OF THE PROJECT GUTENBERGEBOOK WOMAN AND THE NEW RACE ***Produced by Eric Eldred and DistributedProofeaders.
WOMAN AND THE NEW RACEBYMARGARET SANGERWith A Preface By Havelock Ellis     ******New York 1920******     DEDICATED TOTHE MEMORY OF MY MOTHER, A MOTHERWHO GAVE BIRTH TO ELEVEN LIVINGCHILDREN******     
PREFACEThe modern Woman Movement, like the modernLabour Movement, may be said to have begun inthe Eighteenth century. The Labour movementarose out of the Industrial Revolution with itsresultant tendency to over-population, tounrestricted competition, to social misery anddisorder. The Woman movement appeared as anat first neglected by-product of the FrenchRevolution with its impulses of general humanexpansion, of freedom and of equality.Since then, as we know, these two movementshave each had a great and vigorous career whichis still far from completed. On the whole they havemoved independently along separate lines, andhave at times seemed indeed almost hostile toeach other. That has ceased to be the case. Ofrecent years it has been seen not only that thesetwo movements are not hostile, but that they maywork together harmoniously for similar ends.One final step remained to be taken—it had to berealised not only that the Labour movement couldgive the secret of success to the womanmovement by its method and organization, but thaton the other hand, woman held the secret withoutwhich labour is impotent to reach its ends. Woman,by virtue of motherhood is the regulator of thebirthrate, the sacred disposer of human production.It is in the deliberate restraint and measurement of
human production that the fundamental problemsof the family, the nation, the whole brotherhood ofmankind find their solution. The health andlongevity of the individual, the economic welfare ofthe workers, the general level of culture of thecommunity, the possibility of abolishing from theworld the desolating scourge of war—all these likegreat human needs, depend, primarily andfundamentally, on the wise limitation of the humanoutput. It does not certainly make them inevitable,but it renders them possible of accomplishment;without it they have been clearly and repeatedlyproved to be impossible.These facts have long been known to the few whoview the world realistically. But it is not the few whorule the world. It is the masses—the ignorant,emotional, volatile, superstitious masses—who rulethe world. It is they who choose the few supremepersons who manage or mismanage the world'saffairs. Even the most stupid of us must be able tosee how it is done now, for during recent years thewhole process has been displayed before us on thevery largest scale.The lesson has not been altogether in vain. It isfurnishing a new stimulus to those who are workingfor the increase of knowledge, and of practicalaction based on knowledge, among the masses,the masses who alone possess the power tochange the force of the world for good or for evil,and by growth in wisdom to raise the human raceon to a higher level.
That is why the little book by Margaret Sanger,whose right to speak with authority on thesematters we all recognize, cannot be too widelyread. To the few who think, though they may hereand there differ on points of detail, it is all asfamiliar as A. B. C. But to the millions who rule theworld it is not familiar, and still less to the handfulof superior persons whom the masses elect tosupreme positions. Therefore, let this book beread; let it be read by every man and woman whocan read. And the sooner it is not only read butacted on, the better for the world.HAVELOCK ELLIS.******     CONTENTS
CHAPTERI WOMAN'S ERROR AND HER DEBTII WOMAN'S STRUGGLE FOR FREEDOMIII THE MATERIAL OF THE NEW RACEIV TWO CLASSES OF WOMENV THE WICKEDNESS OP CREATING LARGEFAMILIESVI CRIES OF DESPAIRVII WHEN SHOULD A WOMAN AVOID HAVINGCHILDREN?VIII BIRTH CONTROL—A PARENTS' PROBLEMOR WOMAN'S?IX CONTINENCE—IS IT PRACTICABLE ORDESIRABLE?X CONTRACEPTIVES OR ABORTION?XI ARE PREVENTIVE MEANS CERTAIN?
XII WILL BIRTH CONTROL HELP THE CAUSEOF LABOR?XIII BATTALIONS OF UNWANTED BABIES THECAUSE OF WARXIV WOMAN AND THE NEW MORALITYXV LEGISLATING WOMAN'S MORALSXVI WHY NOT BIRTH CONTROL CLINICS INAMERICA?XVII PROGRESS WE HAVE MADEXVIII THE GOAL     ******WOMAN AND THE NEW RACE    *****CHAPTER IWOMAN'S ERROR AND HER DEBT
The most far-reaching social development ofmodern times is the revolt of woman against sexservitude. The most important force in theremaking of the world is a free motherhood. Besidethis force, the elaborate international programmesof modern statesmen are weak and superficial.Diplomats may formulate leagues of nations andnations may pledge their utmost strength tomaintain them, statesmen may dream ofreconstructing the world out of alliances,hegemonies and spheres of influence, but woman,continuing to produce explosive populations, willconvert these pledges into the proverbial scraps ofpaper; or she may, by controlling birth, liftmotherhood to the plane of a voluntary, intelligentfunction, and remake the world. When the world isthus remade, it will exceed the dream ofstatesman, reformer and revolutionist.Only in recent years has woman's position as thegentler and weaker half of the human family beenemphatically and generally questioned. Menassumed that this was woman's place; womanherself accepted it. It seldom occurred to anyoneto ask whether she would go on occupying itforever.Upon the mere surface of woman's organizedprotests there were no indications that she wasdesirous of achieving a fundamental change in herposition. She claimed the right of suffrage andlegislative regulation of her working hours, andasked that her property rights be equal to those ofthe man. None of these demands, however,
affected directly the most vital factors of herexistence. Whether she won her point or failed towin it, she remained a dominated weakling in asociety controlled by men.Woman's acceptance of her inferior status was themore real because it was unconscious. She hadchained herself to her place in society and thefamily through the maternal functions of hernature, and only chains thus strong could havebound her to her lot as a brood animal for themasculine civilizations of the world. In accepting her rôle as the"weaker and gentler half," sheaccepted that function. In turn, the acceptance ofthat function fixed the more firmly her rank as aninferior.Caught in this "vicious circle," woman has, throughher reproductive ability, founded and perpetuatedthe tyrannies of the Earth. Whether it was thetyranny of a monarchy, an oligarchy or a republic,the one indispensable factor of its existence was,as it is now, hordes of human beings—humanbeings so plentiful as to be cheap, and so cheapthat ignorance was their natural lot. Upon the rockof an unenlightened, submissive maternity havethese been founded; upon the product of such amaternity have they flourished.No despot ever flung forth his legions to die inforeign conquest, no privilege-ruled nation evererupted across its borders, to lock in deathembrace with another, but behind them loomed thedriving power of a population too large for its