Military Instructors Manual
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Military Instructors Manual

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The Project Gutenberg eBook, Military Instructors Manual, by James P. Coleand Oliver SchoonmakerThis eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and withalmost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away orre-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License includedwith this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.netTitle: Military Instructors ManualAuthor: James P. Cole and Oliver SchoonmakerRelease Date: January 9, 2005 [eBook #14625]Language: EnglishCharacter set encoding: ISO-8859-1***START OF THE PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK MILITARY INSTRUCTORS MANUAL***E-text prepared by Juliet Sutherland, Jeannie Howse, and the ProjectGutenberg Online Distributed Proofreading Team (http://www.pgdp.net)Note: Project Gutenberg also has an HTML version of this file which includes the original illustrations. See 14625-h.htm or 14625-h.zip: (http://www.gutenberg.net/dirs/1/4/6/2/14625/14625-h/14625-h.htm) or (http://www.gutenberg.net/dirs/1/4/6/2/14625/14625-h.zip)MILITARY INSTRUCTORS MANUALbyCAPTAIN JAMES P. COLE, 59th INFANTRYInstructor 3rd Battalion, 17th Provisional Training Regiment,Plattsburg, N.Y.andMAJOR OLIVER SCHOONMAKER, 76th DIVISIONAssistant Instructor 3rd Battalion, 17th Provisional TrainingRegiment, Plattsburg, N.Y. TO COLONEL WOLF Under whose careful supervision so many have received their Military Training in order that ...

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The Project Gutenberg eBook, Military Instructors Manual, by James P. Cole and Oliver Schoonmaker This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.net Title: Military Instructors Manual Author: James P. Cole and Oliver Schoonmaker Release Date: January 9, 2005 [eBook #14625] Language: English Character set encoding: ISO-8859-1 ***START OF THE PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK MILITARY INSTRUCTORS MANUAL*** E-text prepared by Juliet Sutherland, Jeannie Howse, and the Project Gutenberg Online Distributed Proofreading Team (http://www.pgdp.net) Note: Project Gutenberg also has an HTML version of this file which includes the original illustrations. See 14625-h.htm or 14625-h.zip: (http://www.gutenberg.net/dirs/1/4/6/2/14625/14625-h/14625-h.htm) or (http://www.gutenberg.net/dirs/1/4/6/2/14625/14625-h.zip) MILITARY INSTRUCTORS MANUAL by CAPTAIN JAMES P. COLE, 59th INFANTRY Instructor 3rd Battalion, 17th Provisional Training Regiment, Plattsburg, N.Y. and MAJOR OLIVER SCHOONMAKER, 76th DIVISION Assistant Instructor 3rd Battalion, 17th Provisional Training Regiment, Plattsburg, N.Y. TO COLONEL WOLF Under whose careful supervision so many have received their Military Training in order that they may show the world in battle the true spirit of American manhood. Acknowledgment. To have prepared this book within the time allotted to it, without the assistance of Candidates ALCOTT FARRAR ELWELL and LYLE MILTON PROUSE would have been impossible, and grateful recognition is made of their services. Not only much of the manual labor, but the preparation of entire chapters, has been in their hands. Candidates CHARLES HUNTINGTON JACOBS and MICHAEL FRANCIS MCALEER have rendered very valuable assistance and we wish to thank the following candidates for the loan of materials used elsewhere, for typewriting and other work: GLENN MACK AINSWORTH. PHILIP M. BROWN. NELSON P. BUMP. EDWIN G. BURROWS. PHILIP DOREMUS. WALTER LANE HARDENBROOK. ALBERT BLANCHARD KELLOGG. HENRY PRATT MCKEAN. LOREN RAY PIERCE. HARRY RAPHAEL SAFTEL. ROLAND EMERY PACKARD. HOYT SHERMAN. Introduction. The officer of to-day has big problems to face at short notice. His training has necessarily been so intensive that he cannot absorb a large amount of it. He has little time to make out schedules or even to look over the hasty notes he may have made during his training period, yet he finds himself facing problems which force him to immediate action. This book so condenses and systematizes general military instruction and the work done at Plattsburg so that it may be easily utilized in training other troops. No broad claim for originality is made except in the arrangement of all available material; the bibliography makes acknowledgment to all texts so utilized. Besides bringing helpful reminders to new officers regarding the elements of modern warfare, much of the material will be found of radical importance, as it is practically new and never before condensed. Since under the new army organization the platoon leader virtually has assumed the roll of a captain of a company, it is not enough for him to know simply his own part; he must be ready with all the information that his non-commissioned officers and men should know, and more important still, he must know how to teach them. Having little or no time to work over and digest for himself this mass of new material pouring in upon him, the officer may find in this book, material condensed and already arranged. It is hoped that this work will serve to recall to many officers, valuable points of military training which would otherwise be lost, to them in the mass of notes never looked at since the day they were made. More than this, every reader will find help in planning his work, saving thereby precious hours already too full of necessary duties, and will find fresh material for progress in the game of war. It is the purpose of this book to help men who are in the service of the United States, and through them to share in bringing victory. Table of Contents. PAGE. Chapter 1. SCHEDULES 1 Chapter 2. INFANTRY DRILL REGULATIONS 31 Chapter 3. PHYSICAL TRAINING 91 VOICE CULTURE. Chapter 4. USE OF MODERN ARMS 105 1. S.A.F.M. 2. Range Practice. 3. Pistol. 4. Bayonet. 5. Machine Guns. 6. Grenade Instruction. Chapter 5. MAP SKETCHING 143 Chapter 6. ARTICLES OF WAR. (Courts-Martial.) 161 Chapter 7. ARMY REGULATIONS 175 Chapter 8. PRACTICE MARCHES 187 FIELD WORK. Chapter 9. FEEDING MEN 213 CAMPING AND CAMP SANITATION. Chapter 10. PERSONAL HYGIENE 221 FIRST AID. Chapter 11. SIGNALING 229 Chapter 12. GUARD DUTY 237 Chapter 13. COMPANY ADMINISTRATION 245 Chapter 14. CONFERENCES 259 Study. Small Problems in Infantry. Examinations. Chapter 15. TRENCH WARFARE 287 1. General Principles. 2. Siting Trenches. 3. Construction. 4. Occupation. CONCLUSION 396 BIBLIOGRAPHY 397 CHAPTER INDEX 403 CHAPTER 1. Schedules. SCHEDULE OF INSTRUCTION, RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CAMP _Plattsburg, N.Y., August 27 to September 1, 1917_ Organization. | | | Issue of Equipment. | | Drill | Organization of | Drill | Physical | Barracks | I.D.R. | M.P.T. | ====================|=================|==================| | | | Monday, Aug. 27 | | | 7.00-12.00 a.m. | | | 1.30-4.30 p.m. | | | Tuesday, Aug. 28 | Without arms | 8.00-8.30 a.m. | | 7.00-8.00 a.m. | pgs. 1-30 | | pars 48-73 | | | --------------- | | | 8.30-10.30 a.m. | | | pars. 101-132 | | | | | ====================|=================|==================| | With arms | | | 7.00-8.00 a.m. | | | pars 48-100 | 8.00-8.30 a.m. | Wednesday, Aug. 29 | --------------- | pgs. 1-33 | | 8.30-10.30 a.m. | | | par. 101-132 | | | 7.00-8.00 a.m. | 8.00-8.30 a.m. | | par. 48-100 | pgs. 1-36 | Thursday, Aug. 30 | 8.30-9.30 a.m. | | | pars. 101-132 | | | | | | 9.30-10.30 a.m. | | | pars. 159-198 | | ====================|=================|==================| | par. 48-100 | pgs. 1-39 | Friday, Aug. 31 | 8.30-9.30 a.m. | | | | | | 9.30-10.30 a.m. | | | pars. 159-198 | | ====================|====================================| Saturday, Sept. 1. | As prescribed by Senior Instructors. ====================|===================================== | | | | Musketry | | Practice | Training | | March | S.A.F.M. | Study | Conferences =================|================|================|================== | | 7.00-9.00 p.m. | | | par. 1-21 | | | par. 48-73- | | | 101-132 | | | I.D.R. | | | 1.30-3.30 p.m. | | | S.A.F.M. | 2.30-4.30 p.m. | | | Care of arms and | | 7.00-9.00 p.m. | equipment | | par. 74-100 | | | I.D.R. | =================|================|================|================== | | 2.30-3.30 p.m. | | | par. 1-31 | Without arms | 1.30-2.30 p.m. | S.A.F.M. | 3.30-4.30 p.m. 10.45-11.45 a.m. | par. 1-21 | -------------- | Assembling and | | 7.00-9.00 p.m. | adjusting pack | | par. 159-198 | | | | 10.45-11.45 a.m. | 1.30-2.30 p.m. | 7.00-9.00 p.m. | 2.30-4.30 p.m. With arms | par. 1-31 | par. 159-198 | Assembling and | | I.D.R. | adjusting pack =================|================|================|================== With arms and | | 7.00-9.00 p.m. | 3.30-4.30 p.m. light pack | 1.30-3.30 p.m. | par. 199-257- | Military 10.45-11.45 a.m. | par. 1-31 | 758-765 | Courtesy | | I.D.R. | | | | ====================================================================== SCHEDULE OF INSTRUCTION, PLATTSBURG TRAINING CAMP _Plattsburg, N.Y., September 3 to September 8, 1917_ | | Drill | | Drill | Physical | | I.D.R. | M.P.T. | ===================|================|===================| Monday, Sept. 3 | 7.00-8.30 a.m. | 3.30-4.00 p.m. | | pars. 101-158 | pgs. 1-42 | | 159-193 | | ===================|================|===================| Tuesday, Sept. 4 | 7.00-8.30 a.m. | 3.30-4.00 p.m. | | pars. 48-100 | pgs. 1-45 | | 158-198 | | Wednesday, Sept. 5 | 7.00-8.30 a.m. | 3.30-4.00 p.m. | | pars. 101-158 | pgs. 1-48 | Thursday, Sept. 6 | 7.00-8.30 a.m. | 3.30-4.30 p.m. | | pars. 48-100 | pgs. 1-52 | | 159-198 | | Friday, Sept. 7 | 7.00-8.30 a.m. | 3.30-4.00 p.m. | | pars. 101-158 | pgs. 1-55 | ===================|====================================| Saturday, Sept. 8 | As prescribed by Senior Instructor. ===================|===================================== Musketry | | Companies Training | Semaphore | Practice March S.A.F.M. | Signalling | Full Kit =================|==================|================= 8.45-9.45 a.m. | | par. 1-31 | 9.45-10.45 a.m. | | | 10.00-11.00 a.m. | | par. 1-31 | 11.00-11.30 a.m. | 8.45-9.45 a.m. 8.45-9.45 p.m. | | par. 1-31 | 9.45-10.15 a.m. | 10.30-11.30 a.m. | | par. 1-31 | | 8.45-10.15 a.m. | | =================|==================|================= 8.45-9.45 a.m. | | par. 1-31 | 9.45-10.15 a.m. | ====================================================== SCHEDULE OF INSTRUCTION, PLATTSBURG TRAINING CAMP _Plattsburg, N.Y., September 3 to September 8, 1917_--(_Concluded_) | Grenade Instruction [A] | Bayonet Drill | ===================|=========================|==================| | | 4.00-4.30 p.m. | | | Lesson 1 | Monday, Sept. 3 | 11.00-11.30 a.m. | Notes on | | | Bayonet Training | | | Lessons 1 and 2 | Tuesday, Sept. 4 | 11.30-12.00 m. | Notes on | ===================|=========================|==================| | | 4.00-4.30 p.m. | | | Lessons 1 and 3 | Wednesday, Sept. 5 | 10.30-11.00 a.m. | Notes on | | | Bayonet Training | | | | | | Lessons 1 and 4 | Thursday, Sept. 6 | 11.30-12.00 m. | Notes on | ===================|=========================|==================| | | 4.00-4.30 p.m. | | | Lessons 1 and 5 | Friday, Sept. 7 | 10.30-11.00 a.m. | Notes on | Saturday, Sept. 8 | As prescribed by Senior Instructor. ===================|============================================= Voice Culture | Conferences | Study ===================|=========================|==================== | | 7.00-9.00 p.m. | 1.30-3.30 p.m. | pars. 1-158 I.D.R 11.30-12.00 m. | par. 1-100 I.D.R. | pgs. 7-46 | pgs. 7-46 M.G.D. | M.G.D. | 1.30-3.30 p.m. | par. 159-174 I.D.R. | pars. 101-158 I.D.R. | pgs. 47-88 | pgs. 7-88 M.G.D. | M.G.D. | Physical Exam. | 7.00-9.00 p.m. | 1.30-3.30 p.m. | par. 175-198 I.D.R. 11.00-12.00 m. | pars. 159-174 | part III--U.S. | part 5, 6, 10, 19 | Signal Book | U.S.S.B. | ===================|=========================|==================== | | 7.00-9.00 p.m. | 1.30-3.30 p.m. | par. 792-798 I.D.R. | pars. 175-198, 1-61 | par. 1-61 | S.A.F.M. | S.A.F.M. | 1.30-3.30 p.m. | 7.00-9.00 p.m. 11.00-12.00 m. | pars. 792-798 I.D.R. | par. 199-220 1-61 | 1-61 S.A.F.M. | S.A.F.M. | | ===================|=========================|==================== ================================================================== [Footnote A: As prescribed by Senior Grenade Instructor.] SCHEDULE OF INSTRUCTION, PLATTSBURG TRAINING CAMP _Plattsburg, N.Y., September 10 to September 15, 1917_ | | | | Drill | Musketry Training | | I.D.R. | S.A.F.M. | ====================|====================|===================| | 7.00-7.30 a.m. | | | pars. 133-150 | 8.30-9.30 a.m. | | ------------------ | pars. 35-43 | Monday, Sept. 10 | 7.30-8.00 a.m. | Sight setting | | pars. 123-127 | and loadings | | ------------------ | | | 8.00-8.30 a.m. | | | pars. 159-198 | | ====================|====================|===================| | | 9.30-10.30 a.m. | | | pars. 35-51 | Tuesday, Sept. 11 | Same as for Monday | Sight setting | | | and loadings | Wednesday, Sept. 12 | 7.00-8.00 a.m. | 8.30-9.30 p.m. | | pars. 199-211 | pars. 35-57 | | ------------------ | Sight setting | | 8.00-8.30 a.m. | and loadings | | 7.00-8.00 a.m. | | Thursday, Sept. 13 | pars. 199-224 | 10.00-11.00 a.m. | | ------------------ | pars. 35-60 | | 8.00-8.30 a.m. | Sight setting | | pars. 159-198 | and loadings | ====================|====================|===================| | 7.00-8.30 a.m. | 8.30-9.30 a.m. | Friday, Sept. 14 | pars. 159-224 | pars. 35-61 | | | Sight setting | | | and loadings | Saturday, Sept. 15 | As prescribed by Senior Instructors. ============================================================== First Aid Manual, | Signaling | N.C.O's and | Morse Code | Practice March Privates | (wig wag) | Full Kit ====================|====================|================== | | 9.30-10.30 a.m. | | Wounds | 10.30-11.00 a.m. | pgs. 286-288 | | | 10.30-11.00 a.m. | 8.30-9.30 a.m. | | ====================|====================|================== 9.30-10.30 a.m. | | Fractures | 10.30-11.00 a.m. | pgs. 288-290 | | | | 8.30-10.00 a.m. | | 9.30-10.00 a.m. | | Resuscitation | 10.00-11.00 a.m. | pgs. 290-296 | | | | ====================|====================|================== ============================================================ SCHEDULE OF INSTRUCTION, PLATTSBURG TRAINING CAMP _Plattsburg, N.Y., September 10 to September 15, 1917_--(_Concluded_) | Grenade Instruction | Drill, Physical | | [B] | M.P.T. | =====================|=====================|=================| | | | | | 3.30-4.00 p.m. | Monday, Sept. 10 | 11.00-11.30 a.m. | pgs. 1-58 | | | pgs. 133-134 | Tuesday, Sept. 11 | 11.00-11.30 a.m. | pgs. 1-61 | | | | =====================|=====================|=================| Wednesday, Sept. 12 | 11.00-11.30 a.m. | 3.30-4.00 p.m. | | | pgs. 1-64 | | | pgs. 133-134 | | | 3.30-4.00 p.m. | Thursday, Sept. 13 | 11.00-11.30 a.m. | pgs. 1-67 | | | | =====================|=====================|=================| Friday, Sept. 14 | 11.00-11.30 a.m. | pgs. 1-70 | | | pgs. 133-134 | =====================|=======================================| Saturday, Sept. 15 | As prescribed by Senior Instructors. ============================================================== Bayonet Drill | Conference | Study | | ===============|======================|============================ | 1.30-2.30 p.m. | Mon. | 7.00-8.00 p.m. | pars. 123-127, | | pars. 123-127, | 199-223 I.D.R. | | 199-223 I.D.R. 4.00-4.30 p.m. | -------------------- | | ------------------ | 2.30-3.30 p.m. | | 8.00-9.00 p.m. | pars. 32-61 S.A.F.M. | | pars. 32-61 S.A.F.M. ===============|======================| |===================== | | | 7.00-8.00 p.m. | 1.30-3.30 p.m. | | pars. 225-248 I.D.R. 4.00-4.30 p.m. | pars. 225-248 I.D.R. | | -------------------- | pgs. 5-11 | | 8.00-9.00 p.m. | Notes on | | pgs. 5-11 | Bayonet Training | | Notes on | | | Bayonet Training ===============|======================|======|===================== | 1.30-3.30 p.m. | Tues.| 7.00-9.00 p.m. | pars. 249-257 I.D.R. | | pars. 249-257 I.D.R. 4.00-4.30 p.m. | pgs. 12-19 | | pgs. 12-19 | Notes on | | Notes on | Bayonet Training | | Bayonet Training | 1.30-2.30 p.m. | Wed. | 7.00-8.00 p.m. | Patrolling, messages,| | Patrolling, messages, | orders, etc. | | orders, etc. 4.00-4.30 p.m. | pgs. 12-24 F.S.R. | | pgs. 12-24 F.S.R. | -------------------- | | -------------------- | 2.30-3.30 p.m. | | 8.00-9.00 p.m. | Grenade Warfare | | Grenade Warfare ===============|======================|======|===================== | 1.30-2.30 p.m. |Thurs.| 7.00-8.00 p.m. | Advance and | | Advance and | Rear Guards | | Rear Guards | pgs. 25-34 F.S.R. | | pgs. 25-24 F.S.R. 4.00-4.30 p.m. | -------------------- | | -------------------- | Training & | | Training & | Employment of | | Employment of | Bombers | | Bombers =================================================================== [Footnote B: As prescribed by Senior Grenade Instructor.] SCHEDULE OF INSTRUCTION, PLATTSBURG TRAINING CAMP _Plattsburg, N.Y., September 17 to September 22, 1917_ | Drill, I.D.R. | Musketry Training | | | S.A.F.M. | ====================|==================|===================| | | | Monday, Sept. 17 | 7.00-8.00 a.m. | 8.00-8.30 a.m. | | pars. 48-198 | pars. 32-61 | | close order only | | Tuesday, Sept. 18 | 7.00-8.00 a.m. | 8.00-8.30 a.m. | ====================|==================|===================| | | | Wednesday, Sept. 19 | 7.00-8.00 a.m. | 8.00-8.30 a.m. | | close order only | |