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Connecting to compete. Trade logistics in the global economy. The logistics performance index and its indicators - Edition 2010.


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Le "logistics performance index" (LPI) est le premier outil qui mesure la performance logistique tout au long de la chaîne d'approvisionnement. Grâce à une collaboration poussée avec le secteur privé et à une enquête mondiale réalisée auprès des transitaires et des transporteurs, ce rapport expose en détail la performance de la logistique dans 130 pays. L'étude montre que la logistique du commerce ou la capacité de se connecter aux marchés internationaux pour expédier des marchandises est essentielle pour l'amélioration de la compétitivité des pays en développement. Elle identifie les facteurs et politiques qui expliquent les écarts importants de performance logistique entre pays et expose les défis à relever et les opportunités à saisir.
Arvis (Jf), Mustra (Ma), Naula (T), Ojala (L), Panzer (J), Saslavsky (D), Shepherd (B). Washington. http://temis.documentation.developpement-durable.gouv.fr/document.xsp?id=Temis-0060152



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Published 01 January 2010
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Connecting to Compete
Trade Logistics in the Global Economy
The Logistics Performance Index and Its Indicators
Connecting to Compete 2010 Trade Logistics in the Global Economy
The Logistics Performance Index and Its Indicators
Jean-François Arvis The World Bank
Monica Alina Mustra The World Bank
Lauri Ojala Turku School of Economics
Ben Shepherd The World Bank
Daniel Saslavsky The World Bank
© 2010 e International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/e World Bank 1818 H Street NW Washington, DC 20433 Telephone: 202-473-1000 Internet: www.worldbank.org E-mail: feedback@worldbank.org
All rights reserved
e findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Executive Directors of the International Bank for Reconstruc -tion and Development/e World Bank or the governments they represent.
e World Bank does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this work. e boundar -ies, colors, denominations, and other information shown on any map in this work do not imply any judgment on the part of e World Bank concerning the legal status of any territory or the endorse -ment or acceptance of such boundaries.
Rights and Permissions e material in this publication is copyrighted. Copying and/or transmitting portions or all of this work without permission may be a violation of applicable law. e International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/e World Bank encourages dissemination of its work and will normally grant permission to reproduce portions of the work promptly. For permission to photocopy or reprint any part of this work, please send a request with complete information to the Copyright Clearance Center Inc., 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, USA; telephone: 978-750-8400; fax: 978-750-4470; Internet: www.copyright.com.
All other queries on rights and licenses, including subsidiary rights, should be addressed to the Office of the Publisher, e World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA; fax: 202-522-2422; e-mail: pubrights@worldbank.org.
If you have any questions or comments about this report, please contact:
International Trade Department e World Bank 1818 H Street NW, Room MSN G4-176, Washington, DC 20433 USA Telephone: 202-473-8922 E-mail: tradefacilitation@worldbank.org Web site: www.worldbank.org, www.worldbank.org/trade, or www.worldbank.org/lpi
e report was designed, edited, and typeset by Communications Development Incorporated, Washington, DC.
is is the second edition ofConnecting to Com-pete: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy, which was first published in November 2007. e Logistics Performance Index (LPI) and its indicators are a joint venture of the World Bank, logistics providers, and academic partners. e LPI is a comprehensive index created to help countries identify the challenges and opportu -nities they face in trade logistics performance. e World Bank conducts the LPI survey every two years. Logistics encompasses an array of essen -tial activities—from transport, warehousing, cargo consolidation, and border clearance to in-country distribution and payment systems— involving a variety of public and private agents. A competitive network of global logistics is the backbone of international trade. Unfortu -nately, many developing countries have not yet benefited from the productivity gains of logis -tics modernization and internationalization implemented over the last 20 years by advanced economies. Improving logistics performance has be -come an important development policy objec -tive in recent years because logistics have a major impact on economic activity. Evidence from the 2007 and 2010 LPIs indicates that, for coun -tries at the same level of per capita income, those with the best logistics performance experience additional growth: 1 percent in gross domestic product and 2 percent in trade. ese findings are especially relevant today, as developing coun -tries need to invest in better trade logistics to boost recovery from the current economic crisis and emerge in a stronger and more competitive position. On a hopeful note, the 2010 LPI points to modest but positive trends in key areas such as customs, use of information technologies for
trade, and investment in private services. It also shows that logistics overperformers—countries with a higher LPI score than income would pre -dict—are countries that have consistently in -vested in reforms and improvements. e 2010 LPI highlights new areas that need further at -tention, such as the coordination of agencies involved in border clearance and the quality of domestic trucking and customs brokerage services. 
Connecting to Compete 2007helped spark di-alogue in several countries among various stake -holders in the government and between policy -makers and the private sector about measures to address logistics bottlenecks and facilitate inter -national trade and transportation. e optimis -tic messages fromConnecting to Compete 2010 should encourage countries to do even more, particularly important for countries whose trade logistics performance continues to be low. With the LPI, the World Bank aims to focus attention on an issue of global importance and provide a platform for dialogue among govern -ment, business, and civil society. By showing how countries compare to others in the area of trade logistics and illuminating the costs of poor logistics performance, we hope the LPI will con -tinue to serve as a catalyst, helping policymakers and the private sector build the case for domes -tic policy reform, for investment in trade-related infrastructure, and for the regional and multi -lateral cooperation that is needed for countries to break out of the vicious circle of “logistics unf iendliness ” r .
Otaviano Canuto Vice-President and Head of Network Poverty Reduction and Economic Management
C o n n E C T i n G T o C o m p E T E 2 0 1 0 E L O B A L g h E c O n O M y L T r A D E T n I O g I S T I c S
is is the second report presenting a new data - medium-size logistics companies worldwide. e set for the Logistics Performance Index (LPI) survey was designed and implemented with Fin -and indicators. e survey is conducted every land’s Turku School of Economics (www.tse.fi), two years to improve the reliability of the indi - which has worked with the World Bank to de -cators and to build a dataset comparable across velop the concept since 2000. countries and over time. e authors express their gratitude to the e LPI survey would not have been possi - hundreds of employees of freight forwarding ble without the support and participation of the and express carrier companies around the world International Federation of Freight Forwarders who took the time to respond to the survey. Associations (www.fiata.com), the Global Ex - eir participation was central to the quality press Association (www.global-express.org), the and credibility of the project, and their continu -Global Facilitation Partnership for Transporta - ing involvement and feedback will be essential tion and Trade (www.gfptt.org), ten major inter - as we develop and refine the survey and the LPI national logistics companies, and a large group of in future years.
 iv 0 1 0 C o 2 o m p E T E C T o n n E C T i n G L T r A D E c O n O M y h E g L O B A L E O g I S T I c S I n T