EU-27 environmental protection expenditure increased to % of GDP in 2009. Between 2002 and 2009 public sector and industry EPE as a share of GDP stayed constant while the share of specialised producers increased.

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Szirony (A), Steurer (A). http://temis.documentation.developpement-durable.gouv.fr/document.xsp?id=Temis-0076735

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Published 06 November 2012
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Environment and energy  Authors: Annamaria SZIRONY  Anton STEURER  
  
  
 
S t a t i s t i c s i n f o c u s 23/2012
 EU-27 environmental protection expenditure increased to 2.25% of GDP in 2009 Between 2002 and 2009 public sector and industry EPE as a share of GDP stayed constant while the share of specialised producers increased
This publication provides details on the Between 2002 and 2009, the EU-27 expenditure expenditure made in the European countries of specialised producers grew in value terms by with the purpose of protecting the environment. 40%. There was a 27% increase in Environmental protection expenditure (EPE) is environmental protection expenditure made by the money spent on activities aimed at the the public sector, while the expenditure by prevention, reduction and elimination of industry was largely unchanged (having dipped pollution or any other degradation of the during the early part of the decade when environment. industrial activity was relatively weak, before EPE can be analysed looking at three main increasing by 20% between 2004 and 2008). actors: the public sector, industry (mining and As a percentage of GDP the total EPE of the quarrying, manufacturing and electricity, gas three main sectors increased by 0.2% points in and water supply) and specialised producers of the same period and reached 2.25% in 2009. environmental services (public and private The total spending on environmental protection enterprises specialised in producing amounted to more than 260 billion EUR in 2009. environmental services). Figure 1: Environmental protection expenditure by sector, EU-27, 2002-2009 (1) (EUR billion and % of GDP) 300 2.3%
250
200
150
100
50
0 2002
2003 2004 2005
Public sector Industry
(1) Eurostat estimates. Source:Eurostat (online data code :env_ac_exp1 
2006
2007
2008
Specialised producers
2009
2.2%
2.1%
2.0%
1.9%
1.8% 1.7%
1.6%
1.5%
1.4%
% GDP