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Transport networks concentrated around economic hubs.

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8 Pages


Mahieu (Y). http://temis.documentation.developpement-durable.gouv.fr/document.xsp?id=Temis-0068968



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Published 21 February 2011
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Language English


Transport Author: Yves MAHIEU
S t a t i s t i c s i n f o c u s 5/2011
Transport networks concentrated around economic hubs Inland transport regional infrastructure (EU27, NUTS2, 2009 data) The evolution of the transport network is closely Belgium (58). The motorway network is linked to the general development of the especially concentrated in regions with economy. A flourishing economy will result in urbanised areas. increasing transport demand, while stagnation Eight out of the nine regions showing the most has the opposite effect. This is particularly true significant motorway expansion between 1990 for goods transport. To a smaller extent, it also and 2009 are located in Spain (Figure 1). This applies to passenger transport. reflects the strong development of the motorway The EU has one of the densest transport network in this country over the last decades. networks in the world. This reflects a number of Railway network density is especially high in the factors, including population density and regions of the Czech Republic (124 km per transport demand. Transport demand is 1000 km² on average in 2009), Belgium (118), especially high in urban, industrial and other Luxembourg (106) and Germany (106). The densely populated areas and there is a need of highest rail density ratios are often observed in adapted infrastructure to meet this demand in capital regions, such as Berlin, Prague, these areas. Bucharest and Madrid. The highest motorway density is found in the Regional rail density is especially driven by the regions of the Netherlands (78 km per 1000 km² presence of economic activities such as heavy on average in 2009), Luxembourg (59) and industries or seaport infrastructures. Figure 1: Regions with the most significant motorway expansion between 1990 and 2009 (in kilometres) *
Andalucia (ES) Castilla y León (ES) Castilla-La Mancha (ES) Galicia (ES) Extremadura (ES) Cataluña (ES) Comunidad Valenciana (ES) Centre (FR) Región de Murcia (ES) Midi-Pyrénées (FR) Southern and Eastern (IE) Pays de la Loire (FR) Aragón (ES) Comunidad de Madrid (ES) Östra Mellansverige (SE)
0 200 400 * Non full EU-27 coverage, see methodological notesSource: Eurostat (online data code :tran_r_net)