UKDP What Type of Drainage System

UKDP What Type of Drainage System

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Drainage insurance claims experts What type of drainage system does your property have? Cesspits, septic tanks, sewage treatment plants, soakaways…when drainage systems are tucked away out of sight, it can be hard to know what lurks under the ground.

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Published 28 March 2015
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Language English
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Drainage insurance claims experts
What type of drainage system does your property have?
Cesspits, septic tanks, sewage treatment plants, soakaways…when drainage systems are tucked away out of sight, it can be hard to know what lurks under the ground. If your property doesn’t connect to a main sewer, it will have its own self-contained system, which may even be shared with a neighbouring property.
Here’s our simple guide to the different types of drainage system, to give you an idea about what might be underneath your garden!
www.ukdpsolutions.co.uk
INLET T-PIECE
Septic Tank
Separates waste water from your property into solids and liquids. Often made of glass fibre reinforced plastic, although older tanks may be constructed from brick or concrete.
The tank has a pipe going in from your property (inlet) and a pipe going out of the tank (outlet). Separated wastewater from the tank passes out through the outlet pipe, into either:
A soakaway system (a pit, chamber or usually a drainage field) – this is perforated or slotted pipe.
Or, a sealed pipe flowing from the tank straight to a watercourse (e.g. a stream or a ditch).
A septic tank needs emptying approximately once a year.
MANHOLE
SCUM
BAFFLE
FIRST CHAMBER
SEPARATED WASTE WATER
SLUDGE
MANHOLE
SCUM
SECOND CHAMBER
SEPARATED WASTE WATER
SLUDGE
OUTLET T-PIECE
This illustration is representative of a typical septic tank, as they come in all different shapes and sizes and there are lots of different types of systems. If you have any queries, simply speak to one of our team.
www.ukdpsolutions.co.uk
VENT PIPE
INLET T-PIECE
Cesspit (also known as a Cesspool)
A cesspit is simply a holding tank for all the waste water from your property’s toilets, bathrooms and kitchen.
It can be made of brick, concrete blocks or glass fibre reinforced plastic.
It has a pipe going in to the tank from your property, but no pipe going out  so the waste stays in the tank until it is emptied (which needs to be numerous times a year – which can be costly!)
It is often seen as a last resort, if no other drainage system can be installed.
MANHOLE
SCUM
SEPARATED WASTE WATER
SLUDGE
VENT PIPE
This illustration is representative of a typical cesspit, as they come in all different shapes and sizes and there are lots of different types of systems. If you have any queries, simply speak to one of our team.
www.ukdpsolutions.co.uk
If you are experiencing any problems with your property’s drainage system, call the team at UKDP on 01628 788600 or email info@ukdpsolutions.co.uk
CAPPED LID DESLUDGE POINT
Sewage Treatment Plant
A sewage treatment plant breaks down waste from your property by using natural bacteria.
They are often made of glass fibre reinforced plastic.
The plant has a pipe going in from your property (inlet) and a pipe going out of the tank (outlet).
It provides the cleanest treated water which leaves through the outlet pipe  which can either be to a soakaway system or a sealed pipe to a ditch or stream (in the same way as a septic tank).
In addition to regular emptying, a treatment plant also needs servicing, typically once a year.
AIR BLOWER WITH WARNING SYSTEM
SCUM
FIRST CHAMBER
SLUDGE
SEALED MANHOLE COVERS
SECOND CHAMBER (TREATMENT ZONE)
AIR DIFFUSER
SCUM
CAPPED LID DESLUDGE POINT
FINAL SETTLEMENT CHAMBER
OUTLET TO SOAKAWAY OR WATERCOURSE
This illustration is representative of a typical sewage treatment plant, as they come in all different shapes and sizes and there are lots of different types of systems. If you have any queries, simply speak to one of our team.