These laws conform substantially to the ITTF Laws and Regulations for International Competition
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These laws conform substantially to the ITTF Laws and Regulations for International Competition

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These laws conform substantially to the ITTF inwards or outwards, having a total Anything that a player wears or carries Laws and Regulations for International thickness including adhesive of not includes anything that he was wearing or 2.05.13 Competition. Minor modifications applicable to more than 4mm. carrying, other than the ball, at the start of the rally. USATT competition are included. Ordinary pimpled rubber is a single layer of non-cellular rubber, natural or The ball shall be regarded as passing 2.01 The Table synthetic, with pimples evenly over or around the net assembly if it 2.04.03.01 distributed over its surface at a density 2.05.14 passes anywhere other than between the The upper surface of the table, known as of not less than 10 per sq. cm and not net and the net post or between the net the playing surface, shall be rectangular, more than 30 per sq. cm. and the playing surface. 2.01.01 2.74m long and 1.525m wide, and shall lie in a horizontal plane 76cm above the Sandwich rubber is a single layer of The end line shall be regarded as 2.05.15 floor. cellular rubber covered with a single extending indefinitely in both directions. 2.04.03.02 outer layer of ordinary pimpled rubber, The playing surface shall not include the 2.01.02 the thickness of the pimpled rubber not vertical sides of the tabletop. 2.06 The Service being more than 2mm. The playing surface may be of any Service shall start with the ball resting The covering ...

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These laws conform substantially to the ITTF inwards or outwards, having a total Anything that a player wears or carries
Laws and Regulations for International thickness including adhesive of not includes anything that he was wearing or 2.05.13
Competition. Minor modifications applicable to more than 4mm. carrying, other than the ball, at the start of
the rally. USATT competition are included. Ordinary pimpled rubber is a single
layer of non-cellular rubber, natural or The ball shall be regarded as passing
2.01 The Table synthetic, with pimples evenly over or around the net assembly if it
2.04.03.01 distributed over its surface at a density 2.05.14 passes anywhere other than between the The upper surface of the table, known as
of not less than 10 per sq. cm and not net and the net post or between the net the playing surface, shall be rectangular,
more than 30 per sq. cm. and the playing surface. 2.01.01 2.74m long and 1.525m wide, and shall lie
in a horizontal plane 76cm above the Sandwich rubber is a single layer of The end line shall be regarded as 2.05.15 floor. cellular rubber covered with a single extending indefinitely in both directions.
2.04.03.02 outer layer of ordinary pimpled rubber, The playing surface shall not include the 2.01.02 the thickness of the pimpled rubber not vertical sides of the tabletop. 2.06 The Service
being more than 2mm.
The playing surface may be of any Service shall start with the ball resting
The covering material shall extend up material and shall yield a uniform bounce 2.06.01 freely on the open palm of the server's 2.01.03 to but not beyond the limits of the of about 23cm when a standard ball is stationary free hand.
blade, except that the part nearest the dropped on to it from a height of 30cm. 2.04.04 The server shall then project the ball handle and gripped by the fingers may The playing surface shall be uniformly near vertically upwards, without be left uncovered or covered with any dark colored and matt, but with a white imparting spin, so that it rises at least material. 2.06.02 2.01.04 side line, 2cm wide, along each 2.74m 16cm after leaving the palm of the free
The blade, any layer within the blade edge and a white end line, 2cm wide, hand and then falls without touching
and any layer of covering material or along each 1.525m edge. anything before being struck.
2.04.05 adhesive on a side used for striking the The playing surface shall be divided into 2 As the ball is falling the server shall ball shall be continuous and of even equal courts by a vertical net running strike it so that it touches first his court thickness. 2.01.05 parallel with the end lines, and shall be and then, after passing over or around
The surface of the covering material on continuous over the whole area of each 2.06.03 the net assembly, touches directly the
a side of the blade, or of a side of the court. receiver's court; in doubles, the ball
2.04.06 blade if it is left uncovered, shall be shall touch successively the right half For doubles, each court shall be divided
matt, bright red on one side and black court of server and receiver. into 2 equal half-courts by a white centre on the other.
2.01.06 line, 3mm wide, running parallel with the From the start of service until it is
Slight deviations from continuity of side lines; the centre line shall be struck, the ball shall be above the level
surface or uniformity of color due to regarded as part of each right half-court. of the playing surface and behind the
accidental damage or wear may be 2.06.04 server's end line, and it shall not be 2.04.07 allowed provided that they do not hidden from the receiver by the server 2.02 The Net Assembly
significantly change the characteristics or his doubles partner and by anything The net assembly shall consist of the net, of the surface. they wear or carry. its suspension and the supporting posts, 2.02.01 At the start of a match and whenever As soon as the ball has been projected, including the clamps attaching them to the he changes his racket during a match a the server’s free arm shall be removed table.
2.04.08 player shall show his opponent and the from the space between the ball and The net shall be suspended by a cord umpire the racket he is about to use 2.06.05 the net.
attached at each end to an upright post and shall allow them to examine it. 2.02.02 Note: The space between the ball and 15.25cm high, the outside limits of the post
the net is defined by the ball, the net being 15.25cm outside the side line. and its indefinite upward extension. 2.05 Definitions
The top of the net, along its whole length,
A rally is the period during which the ball It is the responsibility of the player to 2.02.03 shall be 15.25cm above the playing 2.05.01 is in play. serve so that the umpire or the
surface. 2.06.06 assistant umpire can see that he The ball is in play from the last moment at The bottom of the net, along its whole complies with the requirements for a which it is stationary on the palm of the length, shall be as close as possible to the good service. 2.05.02 free hand before being intentionally 2.02.04 playing surface and the ends of the net projected in service until the rally is If the umpire is doubtful of the legality of shall be as close as possible to the
decided as a let or a point. a service he may, on the first occasion supporting posts. 2.06.06.01 in a match, declare a let and warn the A let is a rally of which the result is not 2.05.03 server. scored. 2.03 The Ball Any subsequent service of doubtful A point is a rally of which the result is The ball shall be spherical, with a diameter 2.05.04 legality of that player or his doubles 2.03.01 scored. 2.06.06.02 of 40mm. partner will result in a point to the
The racket hand is the hand carrying the receiver. 2.03.02 The ball shall weigh 2.7g. 2.05.05 racket.
Whenever there is a clear failure to The ball shall be made of celluloid or
The free hand is the hand not carrying the 2.03.03 similar plastics material and shall be white comply with the requirements for a 2.06.06.03 2.05.06 racket; the free arm is the arm of the free good service, no warning shall be given or orange, and matt.
hand. and the receiver shall score a point.
A player strikes the ball if he touches it in Exceptionally, the umpire may relax the 2.04 The Racket
2.05.07 play with his racket, held in the hand, or requirements for a good service where The racket may be of any size, shape 2.06.07 with his racket hand below the wrist. he is satisfied that compliance is 2.04.01 or weight but the blade shall be flat and
prevented by physical disability. A player obstructs the ball if he, or rigid.
anything he wears or carries, touches it in At least 85% of the blade by thickness play when it is above or traveling towards 2.07 The Return 2.05.08 shall be of natural wood; an adhesive the playing surface, not having touched
layer within the blade may be reinforced The ball, having been served or returned, his court since last being struck by his
shall be struck so that it passes over or with fibrous material such as carbon opponent. 2.04.02 fiber, glass fiber or compressed paper, 2.07.01 around the net assembly and touches the
The server is the player due to strike the but shall not be thicker than 7.5% of the opponent's court, either directly or after 2.05.09 ball first in a rally. total thickness or 0.35mm, whichever is touching the net assembly.
the smaller. The receiver is the player due to strike the . 2.05.10 ball second in a rally. 2.08 The Order of Play A side of the blade used for striking the
ball shall be covered with either The umpire is the person appointed to In singles, the server shall first make a 2.05.11 ordinary pimpled rubber, with pimples control a match. service, the receiver shall then make a 2.04.03 2.08.01 outwards having a total thickness return and thereafter server and receiver The assistant umpire is the person
including adhesive of not more than alternately shall each make a return. 2.05.12 appointed to assist the umpire with certain
2mm, or sandwich rubber, with pimples decisions. In doubles, the server shall first make a successively; the last possible game of a match
service, the receiver shall then make a the players or pairs shall change if his opponent strikes the ball with a
return, the partner of the server shall then ends when first one player or pair side of the racket blade whose surface 2.10.01.07 2.08.02 make a return, the partner of the receiver scores 5 points. does not comply with the requirements
shall then make a return and thereafter of 2.4.3, 2.4.4 and 2.4.5;
each player in turn in that sequence shall 2.14 Out of Order of Serving, Receiving or if his opponent, or anything his make a return. Ends 2.10.01.08 opponent wears or carries, moves the
When two players who are in wheelchairs playing surface; If a player serves or receives out of turn,
due to a physical disability are a pair play shall be interrupted by the umpire as if his opponent, or anything his playing doubles, the server shall first make soon as the error is discovered and shall 2.10.01.09 opponent wears or carries, touches the a service, the receiver shall then make a resume with those players serving and net assembly; return but thereafter either player of the receiving who should be server and
2.08.03 disabled pair may make returns. However, if his opponent's free hand touches the receiver respectively at the score that has 2.10.01.10 2.14.01 no part of a player’s wheelchair shall playing surface; been reached, according to the sequence
protrude beyond the imaginary extension if a doubles opponent strikes the ball established at the beginning of the match
of the centre line of the table. If it does, the 2.10.01.11 out of the sequence established by the and, in doubles, to the order of serving
umpire shall award the point to the first server and first receiver; chosen by the pair having the right to
opposing pair. serve first in the game during which the as provided under the expedite system
2.10.01.12 error is discovered. (2.15.2).
2.09 A Let If the players have not changed ends when
they should have done so, play shall be 2.11 A Game
2.09.01 The rally shall be a let interrupted by the umpire as soon as the
A game shall be won by the player or pair error is discovered and shall resume with
2.14.02 first scoring 11 points unless both players the players at the ends at which they if in service the ball, in passing over 2.11.01 or pairs score 10 points, when the game should be at the score that has been or around the net assembly, touches shall be won by the first player or pair reached, according to the sequence 2.09.01.01 it, provided the service is otherwise subsequently gaining a lead of 2 points. established at the beginning of the match. good or the ball is obstructed by the
receiver or his partner; In any circumstances, all points scored
2.12 A Match 2.14.03 before the discovery of an error shall be if the service is delivered when the
A match shall consist of the best of any reckoned. receiving player or pair is not ready, 2.12.01 odd number of games. 2.09.01.02 provided that neither the receiver
nor his partner attempts to strike the 2.15 The Expedite System
ball; 2.13 The Order of Serving, receiving, and Except where both players or pairs
ends if failure to make a service or a have scored at least 9 points, the
return or otherwise to comply with expedite system shall come into The right to choose the initial order 2.09.01.03 2.15.01 the Laws is due to a disturbance operation if a game is unfinished after of serving, receiving and ends shall
outside the control of the player; 2.13.01 be decided by lot and the winner 10 minutes' play or at any earlier time
at the request of both players or pairs. may choose to serve or to receive if play is interrupted by the umpire or 2.09.01.04 first or to start at a particular end. assistant umpire. If the ball is in play when the time limit
When one player or pair has chosen is reached, play shall be interrupted by if the receiver is in wheelchair due to
2.09.01.05 2.15.01.01 the umpire and shall resume with to serve or to receive first or to start a physical disability and the ball 2.13.02 at a particular end, the other player service by the player who served in the
leaves the receiver’s half after rally that was interrupted. or pair shall have the other choice.
2.09.01.05.01 touching it in the direction of the
After each 2 points have been If the ball is not in play when the time net;
scored the receiving player or pair limit is reached, play shall resume with 2.15.01.02 2.09.01.05.02 comes to rest on the receiver's half; service by the player who received in shall become the serving player or
in singles leaves the receiver’s half pair and so on until the end of the the immediately preceding rally.
2.09.01.05.03 after touching it by either of its game, unless both players or pairs Thereafter, each player shall serve for 1 2.13.03 sidelines. score 10 points or the expedite point in turn until the end of the game
system is in operation, when the 2.09.02 Play may be interrupted 2.15.02 and if the receiving player or pair
sequences of serving and receiving makes 13 returns the receiver shall to correct an error in the order of shall be the same but each player 2.09.02.01 score a point. serving, receiving or ends; shall serve for only 1 point in turn.
Once introduced, the expedite system 2.09.02.02 to introduce the expedite system; In each game of a doubles match, 2.15.03 shall remain in operation until the end
to warn or penalize a player or the pair having the right to serve first of the match. 2.09.02.03 adviser; shall choose which of them will do so
and in the first game of a match the because the conditions of play are 3.02 Equipment and playing conditions receiving pair shall decide which of 2.09.02.04 disturbed in a way which could affect
2.13.04 them will receive first; in subsequent The covering material on a side of the outcome of the rally.
games of the match, the first server the blade used for striking the ball
having been chosen, the first shall be of a brand and type
2.10 A Point currently authorized by the ITTF and receiver shall be the player who 3.02.01.03 Unless the rally is a let, a player shall served to him in the preceding shall be attached to the blade so
2.10.01 score a point game. that the brand and the ITTF logo are
clearly visible near the edge of the if his opponent fails to make a correct In doubles, at each change of 2.10.01.01 striking surface. service; service the previous receiver shall
3.02.02 Playing Clothing 2.13.05 become the server and the partner if his opponent fails to make a correct 2.10.01.02 of the previous server shall become Playing clothing shall normally return;
the receiver. consist of a short-sleeved or if, after he has made a service or a
sleeveless shirt and shorts or skirt or The player or pair serving first in a return, the ball touches anything other 2.10.01.03 game shall receive first in the next one-part sports outfits, socks and than the net assembly before being 3.02.02.01 of the match and in the last playing shoes; other garments, such struck by his opponent;
as part or all of a track suit, shall not 2.13.06 possible game of a doubles match
if the ball passes over his court or the pair due to receive next shall be worn during play except with the
beyond his end line without touching his permission of the referee change their order of receiving when 2.10.01.04 court, after being struck by his first one pair scores 5 points. The main color of a shirt, skirt or opponent;
The player or pair starting at one end shorts, other than sleeves and collar 3.02.02.02 2.10.01.05 if his opponent obstructs the ball; of a shirt shall be clearly different 2.13.07 in a game shall start at the other end
in the next game of the match and in from that of the ball in use. 2.10.01.06 if his opponent strikes the ball twice The players of a team taking part in of the umpire from the time at which game and at the change of ends in
a team match, and players of the they arrive at the playing area until the last possible game of a an
same Association forming a doubles they leave it. individual match.
pair in a World or Olympic Title A player or pair may claim one time-
Competition, shall be dressed 3.04 Match Conduct 3.04.04.02 out period of up to 1 minute during
uniformly, with the possible an individual match. exception of socks, shoes and the
3.04.01 Score Indication In an individual event the request for number, size, color and design of 3.02.02.08 a time-out may be made by the advertisements on clothing. Players
player or pair or by the designated of the same Association forming a 3.04.04.02.01 adviser; in a team event it may be doubles pair in other international The umpire shall call the score as
made by the player or pair or by the competitions may wear clothes of soon as the ball is out of play at the 3.04.01.01 team captain. different manufacturers, if the basic completion of a rally, or as soon as
colors are the same and their If a player or pair and an adviser or is practicable thereafter.
National Association authorizes this captain disagree whether a time-out
In calling the score during a game procedure. is to be taken, the final decision shall the umpire shall call first the number 3.04.04.02.02
be made by the player or pair in an Opposing players and pairs shall of points scored by the player or pair individual event and by the captain wear shirts that are of sufficiently 3.04.01.01.01 due to serve in the next rally of the 3.02.02.09 in a team event. different colors to enable them to be game and then the number of points
easily distinguished by spectators. The request for a time-out, which scored by the opposing player or
may be made only when the ball is pair. Where opposing players or teams 3.04.04.02.03
out of play, shall be indicated by have a similar shirt and cannot At the beginning of a game and making a "T" sign with the hands. 3.02.02.10 agree which of them will change, the when a change of server is due, the
decision shall be made by the 3.04.01.01.02 umpire shall point to the next server,
umpire by lot. and may also follow the score call The referee may allow a suspension of
with the next server’s name. play, of the shortest practical duration, 3.02.05 Advertisements
and in no circumstances more than 10 At the end of a game the umpire Advertisements on playing clothing 3.02.05.10 minutes, if a player is temporarily shall name the winning player or pair shall be limited to
3.04.04.04 incapacitated by an accident, provided and shall then call the number of
the maker's normal trademark, that in the opinion of the referee the 3.04.01.01.03 points scored by the winning player 3.02.05.10.01 symbol or name contained within a suspension is not likely to be unduly or pair followed by the number of total area of 24cm2; disadvantageous to the opposing player points scored by the losing player or
or pair. not more than 6 clearly separated pair.
advertisements, contained within a A suspension shall not be allowed for a In addition to calling the score the
combined total area of 600 cm2, on disability which was present or was 3.02.05.10.02 3.04.01.02 umpire may use hand signals to
the front, side or shoulder of a shirt, reasonably to be expected at the indicate his decisions. with not more than 4 advertisements beginning of the match, or where it is
3.04.02 Equipment on the front; due to the normal stress of play;
Players shall not choose balls in the not more than 2 advertisements, disability such as cramp or exhaustion, 3.04.02.01
playing area. 3.04.04.05 caused by the player's current state of 3.02.05.10.03 contained within a total area of
fitness or by the manner in which play 400cm2, on the back of a shirt; Wherever possible players shall be
has proceeded, does not justify such an given the opportunity to choose one not more than 2 advertisements,
emergency suspension, which may be or more balls before coming to the 3.02.05.10.04 contained within a combined total 3.04.02.01.01 allowed only for incapacity resulting playing area and the match shall be area of 80cm2, on shorts or skirt. from an accident, such as injury caused played with one of these balls, taken There shall be no advertisements on by a fall. at random by the umpire.
players' clothing or numbers for 3.02.05.13 If anyone in the playing area is If a ball has not been chosen before tobacco goods, alcoholic drinks or
bleeding, play shall be suspended players come to the playing area, harmful drugs.
immediately and shall not resume until the match shall be played with a ball 3.04.04.06 3.04.02.01.02 that person has received medical taken at random by the umpire from treatment and all traces of blood have a box of those specified for the
3.03 Match Officials been removed from the playing area. competition.
Players shall remain in or near the If a ball is damaged during a match, 3.03.01 Referee playing area throughout an individual it shall be replaced by another of match, except with the permission of those chosen before the match or, if
3.04.04.07 the referee; during intervals between deciding whether play may be 3.04.02.01.03 such a ball is not available, by one 3.03.01.02.06 suspended in an emergency; games and time-outs they shall remain taken at random by the umpire from
within 3 meters of the playing area, a box of those specified for the The referee, or a responsible deputy
under the supervision of the umpire. competition. appointed to exercise authority in his
3.03.01.04 absence, shall be present at all
times during play. 3.05 Discipline 3.04.03 Practice
Players shall be under the Players are entitled to practice on the
3.05.1 Advice jurisdiction of the referee from the match table for up to 2 minutes 3.03.01.06 time at which they arrive at the immediately before the start of a
playing venue until they leave it. 3.04.03.01 match but not during normal intervals; In a team event, players may receive
3.05.01.01 the specified practice period may be advice from anyone. Umpire, Assistant Umpire and 3.03.02 extended only with the permission of Stroke Counter In an individual event, a player or pair
the referee. may receive advice only from one An umpire and an assistant umpire 3.03.02.01 person, designated beforehand to the shall be appointed for each match.
3.04.04 Intervals umpire, except that where the players Either the assistant umpire or a
of a doubles pair are from different separate official may act as stroke
Associations each may designate an Play shall be continuous throughout 3.03.02.06 counter, to count the strokes of the 3.05.01.02 3.04.04.01 adviser, but with regard to 3.5.1 and an individual match except that any receiving player or pair when the
3.5.2 these two advisors shall be player is entitled to expedite system is in operation;.
treated as a unit; if an unauthorized an interval of up to 1 minute A decision made by assistant umpire person gives advice the umpire shall
3.04.04.01.01 between successive games of an or stroke counter in accordance with hold up a red card and send him away 3.03.02.07 individual match; the provisions of 3.3.2.5-6 may not from the playing area.
be overruled by the umpire. brief intervals for toweling after 3.04.04.01.02 Players may receive advice only during 3.05.01.03 every 6 points from the start of each 3.03.02.08 Players shall be under the jurisdiction the intervals between games or during 15. Expedite Procedure other authorized suspension of play,
and not between the end of practice 15.1 Principle The Laws of
and the start of a match; if any
authorized person gives advice at other The expedite system is the method
times the umpire shall hold up a yellow provided by the laws to prevent unduly long
card to warn him that any further such games, which may result from negative
offence will result in his dismissal from Table play by both players or pairs. Unless both 15.1.1 the playing area. players or pairs have scored at least 9
After a warning has been given, if in the points, it is introduced automatically after
same team match or the same match of 10 minutes’ play in a game or at any earlier
time at the request of both players or pairs. an individual event anyone again gives
3.05.01.04 advice illegally, the umpire shall hold up Tennis
a red card and send him away from the Under the expedite system the serving
playing area, whether or not he was the player or pair has 13 strokes including the
person warned. service stroke in which to win the point. If
the receiving player or pair safely makes 13
good returns, the receiving player or pair 3.05.02 Misbehavior
wins the point. The game is won, as in 15.1.2 If at any time a player, a coach or normal play, by the player or pair first another adviser commits a serious
scoring 11 points or, if the score reaches offence the umpire shall suspend play 10-10, by the player or pair first and report immediately to the referee;
establishing a lead of 2 points. 3.05.02.02 for less serious offences the umpire
may, on the first occasion, hold up a
yellow card and warn the offender that The serving order throughout each game is
any further offence is liable to incur the same as for a normal game, but service
penalties. changes after each point instead of after
Except as provided in 3.5.2.2 and every 2 points. At the start of each game
3.5.2.5, if a player who has been the first server, and in doubles the first
warned commits a second offence in receiver, is determined by the order 15.1.3 the same individual match or team established at the start of the match, even
3.05.02.03 match, the umpire shall award 1 point though the same players may have been
to the offender's opponent and for a serving and receiving at the conclusion of
further offence he shall award 2 points, the preceding game.
each time holding up a yellow and a red card together.
If a player against whom 3 penalty 15.2 Procedure
points have been awarded in the same When the time limit is reached, unless the
individual match or team match 3.05.02.04 score has reached at least 9 - 9, the
continues to misbehave, the umpire timekeeper should call “Time” loudly. The
shall suspend play and report umpire should then declare a let if
immediately to the referee. necessary and tell the players that the
If a player changes his racket during an remainder of the match will be conducted
individual match when it has not been under the expedite system. If the ball is in 15.2.1 3.05.02.05 damaged, the umpire shall suspend play when the time limit is reached, the
play and report to the referee. next server is the player who served for
that rally; if it is not in play, the next server A warning or penalty incurred by either is the player who received in the preceding player of a doubles pair shall apply to Top row (left to right): Teodor Gheorghe, Dan rally. the pair, but not to the non-offending
Seemiller Middle row (left to right): Mark player in a subsequent individual match
Hazinski, Khoa Nguyen, Ilija Lupulesku 3.05.02.06 of the same team match; at the start of Thereafter, in each rally the stroke counter
a doubles match the pair shall be is required to count aloud the return strokes Bottom row (left to right): Jasna Reed, Tawny
regarded as having incurred the higher of the receiving player or pair, including the Banh, Whitney Ping, Gao Jun
of any warnings or penalties incurred by return of service, from “one” to “thirteen”. either player in the same team match. The call should be made immediately after 15.2.2 the receiver has struck the ball and not Except as provided in 3.5.2.2, if a
delayed until the return has been judged coach or another adviser who has been
good or the ball has gone out of play. If the warned commits a further offence in the 13th return is good the umpire should call same individual match or team match,
“stop” and award a point to the receiver. One Olympic Plaza 3.05.02.07 the umpire shall hold up a red card and
send him away from the playing area
until the end of the team match or, in an
individual event, of the individual
match.
The referee shall have power to
disqualify a player from a match, an
event or a competition for seriously 3.05.02.08 Colorado Springs, CO 80909 unfair or offensive behavior, whether
reported by the umpire or not; as he 719-866-4583 (Phone) does so he shall hold up a red card.
719-632-6071 (FAX)
usatt@usatt.org

www.usatt.org

Revised September 2005