Social protection in the member States of the European Union


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Evolution Missoc
Social protection and social security



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Social protection in
the Member States
of the European Union
andSituation on 1 July *| 9 9 4 evolution MISSOC 1994 EUROPEAN COMMISSION
Directorate-General Employment, Industrial Relations and Social Affairs
Situation on July 1st 1994 and evolution MISSOC Secretariat
ISG Institut für Sozialforschung und Gesellschaftspolitik GmbH
Barbarossaplatz 2
D-50674 Cologne
Federal Republic of Germany
Tel.: (49) 221/23 54 73
Fax: (49)1 52 67
Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication
Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1995
ISBN 92-826-9973-0
© ECSC-EC-EAEC, Brussels · Luxembourg, 1995
Reproduction is authorized, except for commercial purposes, provided the source is acknowledged
Printed in Italy Introduction
Trends in Social Security
within the European Community
1st July 1992 to 30 June 1993 11
Evolution of Social Protection
in the Member States 23
Comparative Tables
I Organization 51
II Financing 77
III Health care 97
IV Sickness - Cash benefits 121
V Maternity 135
VI Invalidity 145
VII Old-age 167
VIII Survivors 189
IX Employment injuries and occupational diseases 205
χ Family benefits 245
XI Unemployment 263
295 XII Guaranteeing sufficient resources
369 XIII Social protection of self-employed: 1. Farmers
1. Rates of Exchange, Purchase Power Parities
and Price Level Index 413
2. Dictionary of Key words 415 INTRODUCTION
This latest publication by MISSOC, the Community information system Germany Mr Rainer Pritzer
on social protection, provides up-to-date information on the situation of Bundesministerium für Arbeit und
social protection systems in the member states of the European Union on Sozialordnung, Internationale und
the 1st of July, 1994, and on the most important measures initiated Europäische Sozialpolitik, Bonn
between 1.7.1993 and 30.6.1994. Mr Friedrich von Heusinger
MISSOC is an information system created at the suggestion of the Informationsbüro des Freistaates Bayern,
European Commission, Directorate-General V, to provide brief, up-to- Brussels
date and comparable information for the people employed in various
services of the Commission, the authorities in the member states, em­ Mrs A. Grammatika-Kontessi Greece
ployees and trade unions, all persons and institutions interested in the de­ Mr Nikos Gryllis
velopment of social protection and social protection organisations. Mrs Despina Patouna
Ministère de la Santé, Prévoyance et MISSOC consists of representatives of the Ministries and authorities Sécurité Sociale, Direction des responsible for social protection in the twelve member states of the Conventions Internationales, Athens European Union, who work in close and regular cooperation with each
other to collect information and prepare it for annual publication.
Spain Mr Jose Ma Garcia-Casillas Diaz
In 1993/94, MISSOC work was carried out by the following represen­ Mr Eduardo Larrea Santaolalla
tatives of the member states: Mrs. Maria del Camino Canals Parets
Instituto Nacional de la Seguridad Social,
Mrs Françoise Turoche France
Belgium Mr Jacques Donis Ministère des Affaires Sociales de la San
Mr Robert Mathieu é et de la Ville, Direction de la Sécurité
Ministère de la Prévoyance Sociale, Sociale, Division des Conventions
Service des relations internationales, Internationales, Paris
Brussels Mrs Nicole Deletang
Centre de Sécurité Sociale des Mrs Kirsten Söderblom Denmark Travailleurs Migrants, Paris Mrs Karin Möhl Larsen
Socialministeriet, International Relations
Ireland Mrs Mairead Gaffney Division, Copenhagen
Department of Social Welfare, EU/
Mrs. Anni Banke International Division, Dublin
Direktoratet for Social Sikring og Bistand,
Copenhagen Mrs Anne McManus In the European Commission, MISSOC is supervised by Directorate-
Mrs Clare Smith General V, Division V/E/2 (Social Security and Social Actions Pro­
Department of Social Welfare, grammes). The editorial preparation of the information in three languages
Planning Unit, Dublin (French, English, German) is the responsibility of the MISSOC Secret­
ariat. The work is carried out by the ISG-Institut für Sozialforschung une
Italy Mrs Cordialina Coppola Gesellschaftspolitik in Cologne, Federal Republic of Germany. The tech­
Mrs Laura Crescentini nical aspects of publication are the responsibility of the Office for Official
Ministero del Lavoro e della Previdenza Publications of the European Union in Luxemburg.
Sociale, Direzione Generale della
As in previous years, the publication begins with a comprehensive
Previdenza ed Assistenza Sociale, Rome
analysis of the development of social protection and an account of the
Mrs Gioia Maniero most important measures introduced in individual member states. This
Ministero dell'Interno, Direzione Generale section of the report was compiled by Mr Edward James on the basis oí
dei Servizi Civili, Ufficio Studi e national reports from the member states. The following national reports
Cooperazione Internazionale, Rome have been compiled under the exclusive authority of thel corres­
pondents for MISSOC.
Luxembourg Mr Claude Ewen
The publication consists mainly of information on the central areas oí
Ministère de la Sécurité Sociale,
social protection in the twelve member states. As in previous years, this
Inspection générale de la sécurité sociale,
data is presented in the form of comparative tables. The part begins with
a representation in form of a simplified flow chart of the institutions
responsible for social security in the member states. In response to the
Netherlands Mrs Renée Bronsgeest
wish of many of our readers, we have included the addresses of these
Mr Ivo van der Steen
institutions. This representation is followed by a diagram highlighting the
Ministerie van Sociale Zaken en
various different aspects concerning the financing of social protection.
Werkgelegenheid, Afdeling
The tables III-XI deal not only with organisation and financing but alsc
Grensoverschrijdende Sociale
with basic benefits to cover the risks listed in the IAO Convention, No.
Verzekeringen, Directoraat-Generaal
102; cashs and benefits in kind in the event of illness, maternity
Sociale Zekerheid, The Hague
and invalidity benefits,s for the elderly and for surviving
dependants, benefits in the event of employment injuries or occupational
Portugal Mrs Sara Cardigos
illnesses, family allowances and unemployment benefits. In addition, the
Mrs Maria Do Carmo Martins
existing regulations on the guaranteed minimum level of resources are
Ministerio do Trabalho e Segurança
also given, since 1992 in Table XII. New introduced is Table XIII, which
Social, Direcçáo-Geral dos Regimes de
is a first step dealing with the social protection of the self-employed. The
Segurança Social, Lisbon
topics dealt with in the tables were agreed upon jointly by the Com­
mission of the European Communities and the MISSOC representatives
United Kingdom Mr Mike Bradley
of the member states. The selection was made solely for the means of the
Mr Kevin Dench
information system and has no direct link with regulation (EEC) no.
Department of Social Security,
1408/ 71. For those readers that do not receive this publication in their
International Relations, London
mother tongue, the most important terms used in either German, English