Electronics Workbench Ultiboard 7 PCB Layout Getting Started and  Tutorial Guide
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Electronics Workbench Ultiboard 7 PCB Layout Getting Started and Tutorial Guide

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Electronics TMWorkbenchUltiboard 7 PCB LayoutGetting Started and Tutorial GuideTitleShort-Hidden (cross reference text)May 2005371585A-01SupportWorldwide Technical Support and Product Informationni.comNational Instruments Corporate Headquarters11500 North Mopac Expressway Austin, Texas 78759-3504 USA Tel: 512 683 0100Worldwide OfficesAustralia 1800 300 800, Austria 43 0 662 45 79 90 0, Belgium 32 0 2 757 00 20, Brazil 55 11 3262 3599, Canada 800 433 3488, China 86 21 6555 7838, Czech Republic 420 224 235 774, Denmark 45 45 76 26 00, Finland 385 0 9 725 725 11, France 33 0 1 48 14 24 24, Germany 49 0 89 741 31 30, India 91 80 51190000, Israel 972 0 3 6393737, Italy 39 02 413091, Japan 81 3 5472 2970, Korea 82 02 3451 3400, Lebanon 961 0 1 33 28 28, Malaysia 1800 887710, Mexico 01 800 010 0793, Netherlands 31 0 348 433 466, New Zealand 0800 553 322, Norway 47 0 66 90 76 60, Poland 48 22 3390150, Portugal 351 210 311 210, Russia 7 095 783 68 51, Singapore 1800 226 5886, Slovenia 386 3 425 4200, South Africa 27 0 11 805 8197, Spain 34 91 640 0085, Sweden 46 0 8 587 895 00, Switzerland 41 56 200 51 51, Taiwan 886 02 2377 2222, Thailand 662 992 7519, United Kingdom 44 0 1635 523545For further support information, refer to the Technical Support Resources and Professional Services page. To comment on National Instruments documentation, refer to the National Instruments Web site at ni.com/info and enter the info code feedback.© 2003–2005 National ...

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Electronics
TM
Workbench
Ultiboard 7 PCB Layout
Getting Started and Tutorial Guide
TitleShort-Hidden (cross reference text)
May 2005
371585A-01Support
Worldwide Technical Support and Product Information
ni.com
National Instruments Corporate Headquarters
11500 North Mopac Expressway Austin, Texas 78759-3504 USA Tel: 512 683 0100
Worldwide Offices
Australia 1800 300 800, Austria 43 0 662 45 79 90 0, Belgium 32 0 2 757 00 20, Brazil 55 11 3262 3599,
Canada 800 433 3488, China 86 21 6555 7838, Czech Republic 420 224 235 774, Denmark 45 45 76 26 00,
Finland 385 0 9 725 725 11, France 33 0 1 48 14 24 24, Germany 49 0 89 741 31 30, India 91 80 51190000,
Israel 972 0 3 6393737, Italy 39 02 413091, Japan 81 3 5472 2970, Korea 82 02 3451 3400,
Lebanon 961 0 1 33 28 28, Malaysia 1800 887710, Mexico 01 800 010 0793, Netherlands 31 0 348 433 466,
New Zealand 0800 553 322, Norway 47 0 66 90 76 60, Poland 48 22 3390150, Portugal 351 210 311 210,
Russia 7 095 783 68 51, Singapore 1800 226 5886, Slovenia 386 3 425 4200, South Africa 27 0 11 805 8197,
Spain 34 91 640 0085, Sweden 46 0 8 587 895 00, Switzerland 41 56 200 51 51, Taiwan 886 02 2377 2222,
Thailand 662 992 7519, United Kingdom 44 0 1635 523545
For further support information, refer to the Technical Support Resources and Professional Services page. To comment
on National Instruments documentation, refer to the National Instruments Web site at ni.com/info and enter the
info code feedback.
© 2003–2005 National Instruments Corporation. All rights reserved. Important Information
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PROCESS AND SAFETY LEVEL OF SUCH SYSTEM OR APPLICATION.Preface
Thank you for choosing Ultiboard 7 from Electronics Workbench. We are confident that it will deliver years
of increased productivity and superior designs.
Electronics Workbench is the world’s leading supplier of circuit design tools. Our products are used by more
customers than those of any other EDA vendor, so we are sure you will be pleased with the value delivered
by Ultiboard 7, and any other Electronics Workbench products you may select.
Documentation Conventions
This manual uses the convention Menu/Item to indicate menu commands. For example, File/Open means
choose the Open command from the File menu.
When this manual says to “click”, it means to single-click the left mouse button.
When this manual says to “drag”, it means to click and hold the left mouse button as you move the mouse.
The Ultiboard 7 Documentation Set
Ultiboard 7 documentation consists of this Getting Started and Tutorial Guide, a User Guide, a
Footprint Reference Guide and online help. All users receive Adobe Acrobat™ PDF versions of the Getting
Started and Tutorial Guide and the User Guide. Depending on your edition of Ultiboard 7, you may also
receive a printed version of the manuals.
Getting Started and Tutorial
The Getting Stutorial Guide introduces you to the Ultiboard 7 interface. It also offers an
introductory tutorial that takes you through the stages of PCB layout, autorouting, and preparing for board
manufacturing.
User Guide
The User Guide describes Ultiboard 7 and its many functions in detail. The manual is organized based on the
stages of the PCB layout process, and explains all aspects of using Ultiboard 7 in detail.Online Help
Ultiboard 7 offers a full helpfile system to support your use of the product. Choose Help/Contents to display
the helpfile that explains the Ultiboard 7 program in detail.
In addition, you can display context-sensitive help by pressing F1 from any command or window, or by
clicking the Help button on any dialog box that offers it.
Adobe PDF Files
The Getting Started and Tutorial Guide, the full User Guide and the Footprint Reference Guide are provided
on the Ultiboard 7 CD as Adobe PDF files and are accessible from the Ultiboard 7 program folder on the
Windows Start menu.
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Internet: www.electronicsworkbench.com Table of Contents
1. Installation and Introduction
1.1 About this Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
1.2 About Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
1.2.1 Installation Requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
1.2.2 Installation Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
1.3 Installing Ultiboard 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
1.3.1 Single User Version . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
1.3.2 Site License Version. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
1.4 Installing Feature Codes for Previously Installed Versions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
1.5 Uninstalling Ultiboard 7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
1.5.1 Uninstalling Single User Version . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
1.5.2 Uninstalling Site Version. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-11
1.6 How to Reach Us . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
1.7 What’s New in Ultiboard .1-12
2. The Ultiboard 7 Interface
2.1 Major Elements of the User Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
2.1.1 Menus and Toolbars. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
2.1.2 Birds Eye View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
2.1.3 The Design Toolbox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
2.1.4 The Spreadsheet View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
2.1.5 Workspace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
2.1.6 Status Bar. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
2.2 Customizing the Ultiboard 7 Interface.2-8
2.3 Menus and Commands. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
2.3.1 File Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
2.3.2 Edit Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
2.3.3 View Menu2-9
Ultiboard 7 Getting Started and Tutorial Guide i2.3.4 Place Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-9
2.3.5 Design Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-9
2.3.6 Tools Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-9
2.3.7 Options Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-9
2.3.8 Autoroute/place Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-10
2.3.9 Window Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-10
2.3.10Help Menu2-10
3. Beginning a Design
3.1 About Designs and Projects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-1
3.2 Starting Your Project3-1
3.3 Opening an Existing File or Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-2
3.4 Saving and Closing Tutorial Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-3
3.5 Next Steps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-3
4. Setting Up Your Design
4.1 Constraint-driven Layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-1
4.2 Working with Layers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-2
4.2.1 Defining Copper Layers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-2
4.2.2 Accessing Layers4-3
4.3 Working with the Board Outline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-6
4.3.1 Creating a Board Outline.4-6
4.3.2 Changing the Board Outline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-9
4.4 Setting up the Board’s Properties4-10
4.4.1 About Board Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-10
4.4.2 About Grids and Units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-12
4.4.3 Changing Board Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-12
4.4.4 Configuring the Design Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-13
4.5 Loading a Technology File. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-14
4.6 Next Steps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-14
ii Electronics Workbench5. Working with Parts
5.1 About Placing Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
5.2 Ratsnest and Force Vectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
5.2.1 Ratsnests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
5.2.2 Force Vectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
5.3 Placing Components.5-3
5.3.1 Dragging Components from Outside the Board Outline. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
5.3.2 Dragging Components from the Parts Tab. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
5.3.3 Placing the Tutorial Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-6
5.3.4 Placing Parts from the Library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-7
5.4 Moving Components.5-8
5.5 Editing a Placed Part . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-9
5.6 Component Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-12
5.7 Creating New Parts.5-13
5.8 Cross-Probing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-19
5.9 Next Steps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-19
6. Placing Traces and Copper
6.1 About Component Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
6.2 Working with Nets. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
6.3 Options for Placing Traces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
6.3.1 Placing a Manual Trace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
6.3.2 Placing a Follow-me Trace. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4
6.3.3 Placing a Connection Machine Trace. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
6.4 Changing the Trace Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
6.5 Trace Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-6
6.6 Inserting Other Copper Elements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-6
6.7 Inserting Vias . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-7
6.8 Moving Traces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
6.9 Pin/Gate Swapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
Ultiboard 7 Getting Started and Tutorial Guide iii