ACS Map Making Tutorial
7 Pages
English
Downloading requires you to have access to the YouScribe library
Learn all about the services we offer

ACS Map Making Tutorial

-

Downloading requires you to have access to the YouScribe library
Learn all about the services we offer
7 Pages
English

Description

Map Making Tutorial Jennifer Ailshire June 25, 2008 Adding Data to the Map and Saving the Map Click on the Add Data button , browse to the appropriate directory and select the desired file(s). After you have added data layers to the map document you can save the map by clicking on the File menu and selecting Save As. Save the map as file type .mxd. - The .mxd is an ArcGIS specific document that references the location of your shape files and data files and displays them as they were when you saved the map. *Use the Standard Toolbar to investigate your map layers. Joining Data to Geographic Files You will often need to join data from a table to a shape file. Right click on the geographic file you want the data joined to and select Joins and Relates >> Joins. You will need to base the join on a common identifier. Select fields that have the same id information and that are stored in the same format (i.e. text or numeric). Manipulating Map Features Right click on the layer you are interested in working with. Select Properties from the drop down menu (alternatively, you can double click on the layer file) and choose the Symbology tab. By default, the features are symbolized with a single symbol (all of the PUMAs have the same color). You can change the representation of features to a categorical one (where each PUMA has a unique symbol) by clicking Categories, or to a quantitative one (where each Puma ...

Subjects

Informations

Published by
Reads 17
Language English

Exrait

Map Making Tutorial
Jennifer Ailshire
June 25, 2008
Adding Data to the Map and Saving the Map
Click on the
Add Data
button
, browse to the appropriate directory and select the desired file(s).
After you have added data layers to the map document you can save the map by clicking on the
File
menu
and selecting
Save As
. Save the map as file type
.mxd
.
- The .mxd is an ArcGIS specific document that references the location of your shape
files and data files and displays them as they were when you saved the map.
*Use the Standard Toolbar to
investigate your map layers.
Joining Data to Geographic Files
You will often need to join
data from a table to a shape
file. Right click on the
geographic file you want the
data joined to and select
Joins
and Relates >> Joins
.
You will need to base the join
on a common identifier. Select
fields that have the same id
information
and
that are stored
in the same format (i.e. text or
numeric).
Manipulating Map Features
Right click on the layer you are interested in working with. Select
Properties
from the drop down menu
(alternatively, you can double click on the layer file) and choose the
Symbology
tab.
By default, the features are symbolized with a single symbol (all of the PUMAs have the same
color). You can change the representation of features to a categorical one (where each PUMA
has a unique symbol) by clicking
Categories
, or to a quantitative one (where each Puma can be
represented by the proportion poverty for instance) by clicking
Quantities
(Graduated Colors,
Graduated Symbols, Proportional Symbols, Dot Density).
Creating and Saving a Map Template
The default when opening ArcGIS is Data View. Switch to layout view by clicking on the
View
menu and
selecting
Layout View
. You must be in Layout View for map production activities.
*The Layout Toolbar
Selecting a map template click on the
File
menu and select
New
.
My Templates
tab - contains templates created by the user
General
and
Industry
tab - contains particular map layouts one may prefer to use with their data
USA
and
World
tabs - contains variety of USA and World Maps that have already been created (not so
useful unless you need a quick map of the US)
Saving Templates
You will start with a blank template, but can save the template at any time by clicking on the
File
menu
and selecting
Save As
. From the drop down menu select the file type
.mxt
and give your template a name.
Formatting and Adding Elements to a Map
Selecting
paper layout
settings
Click on the
File
menu and select
Page and Print Setup
.
This is where paper size and orientation can be selected. In addition, there are rulers, guides, and grids for
arranging map elements on the page (these can also be found by right-clicking on an empty portion of the
map layout and selecting from the menu).
Selecting a map
background color
Select the data frame and click the down arrow next to the
Fill Color
button on the
Draw
Toolbar.
Adding
map elements
Map Title:
Click the
Insert
menu and select the
Title
option. A text box will be added to the page with a
default title. Type a title within the text box and press
Enter
. You can further edit the title by double-
clicking the on the title and editing its text properties. The font, size, style, or color of the title can be
changed using the
Draw
Toolbar.
North Arrow:
Click the
Insert
menu and select the
North Arrow
option. In the
North Arrow Selector
dialog box, select a north arrow and change the properties of the selected arrow.
Scale Bar:
Click the
Insert
menu and select the
Scale Bar
option. In the
Scale Bar Selector
dialog box,
select a scale bar and change the properties of the selected scale bar.
Legend:
Clicking the
Insert
menu and select the
Legend
option. The
Legend Wizard
dialog box will
appear.
By default, the legend includes all layers from the map, and the number of legend columns is set to
one. You can choose which layers may be displayed in the legend by selecting the layer from the
Map
Layer
box and clicking the right arrow (>>). The selected layers will be displayed in the
Legend Items
box. By clicking through the dialog boxes you can also: enter a
Legend Title
, specify its properties, and
set the title justification; select a
Legend Frame
border, background color, and drop shadow; change the
size and shape of the
Symbol Patch
used to represent line and polygon features within the legend; change
the spacing between the different components of the legend.
Exporting Your Map
Maps are most commonly exported as either .pdf or .jpeg. Export your map by clicking on the
File
menu and selecting
Export Map
. In the
Export Map
dialog box you can name your map
and save it in the appropriate file.
Both .pdf and .jpeg files can then be inserted into Microsoft Word and Microsoft Power Point
documents. Alternatively, you may simply print the map after exporting/saving.