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Bulletin of the European Communities. No 12 ? 1993 Volume 26

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ISSN 0378-3693 Bulletin of the European Communities Commission No 12 Π 1993 Volume 26 The Bulletin of the European Communities reports on the activities of the Commission and the other Community institutions. It is edited by the Secretariat-General of then (rue de la Loi 200, B-1049 Brussels) and published 10 times a year in the official Community languages. The following reference system is used: the first digit indicates the part number, the second digit the chapter number and the subsequent digit or digits the point number. Citations should therefore read as follows: Bull. EC 1 /2-1992, point 1.1.3 or 1.2.36. Supplements to the Bulletin are published in a separate series at irregular intervals. They contain official Commission material (e.g. communications to the Council, programmes, reports and pro­posals). © ECSC-EEC-EAEC, Brussels · Luxembourg, 1993 Reproduction is authorized provided the source is acknowledged. Printed in Belgium Bulletin of the European Communities Commission ECSC — EEC — EAEC Commission of the European Communities Secretariat-General Brussels NO 12 D 1993 Volume 26 Sent to press in March 1 994 Bulletin information service Readers can obtain information on developments since this issue went to press (date of adoption of instruments by the Council, of opinions given by Parliament or the Economic and Social Committee, of publication in the Official Journal, etc.

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ISSN 0378-3693
Bulletin
of the European
Communities
Commission
No 12 Π 1993
Volume 26 The Bulletin of the European Communities reports on the activities of the Commission and the
other Community institutions. It is edited by the Secretariat-General of then (rue de la
Loi 200, B-1049 Brussels) and published 10 times a year in the official Community languages.
The following reference system is used: the first digit indicates the part number, the second digit
the chapter number and the subsequent digit or digits the point number. Citations should therefore
read as follows: Bull. EC 1 /2-1992, point 1.1.3 or 1.2.36.
Supplements to the Bulletin are published in a separate series at irregular intervals. They contain
official Commission material (e.g. communications to the Council, programmes, reports and pro­
posals).
© ECSC-EEC-EAEC, Brussels · Luxembourg, 1993
Reproduction is authorized provided the source is acknowledged.
Printed in Belgium Bulletin
of the European
Communities
Commission
ECSC — EEC — EAEC
Commission of the European Communities
Secretariat-General
Brussels
NO 12 D 1993 Volume 26
Sent to press in March 1 994 Bulletin information service
Readers can obtain information on developments since this issue went to press (date of
adoption of instruments by the Council, of opinions given by Parliament or the Economic
and Social Committee, of publication in the Official Journal, etc.) by telephoning the
document services of the Information Offices at the following numbers:
London 222 8122
Belfast 240708
Cardiff 371631
Edinburgh5 205
Dublin 712244
References in the text
References to other parts of the same issue of the Bulletin are given in parentheses in text,
thus (-> point 2.1.53).
certain monetary units in the different languages of Standardized abbreviations for the designation ol
the Community:
= ECU European currency unit
BFR = Belgische frank / Franc beige
DKR = Dansk krone
DM = Deutsche Mark
DR Greek drachma =
ESC Escudo =
FF Franc français =
HFL = Nederlandse gulden (Hollandse florijn)
IRL = Irish pound / punt
LFR Franc luxembourgeois =
LIT = Lira italiana
PTA = Peseta
UKL Pound sterling =
USD United States dollar contents
I — Brussels European Council 7
DADT Π Μ Ρ ACTIVITIES IN
r Ari I KJ IM £ DECEMBER 1993
News in brief 20
1. European Union3
2. The single market and the Community economic and
social area4
— Internal market
— Economic and monetary policy 3
— Statistical area8
— Competition 40
— Industrial policy 51
— Research and technology2
— Education, vocational training and youth 53
— Trans-European networks5
— Energy6
— Transport9
— Telecommunications, information services and industry 6
— Economic and social cohesion: structural measures 63
— Social dimension 70
— Environment2
— Agriculture7
— Fisheries 84
— A people's Europe 91
— Audiovisual media, information, communication and culture 96
3. The role of the Community in the world 9
— Enlargement
— European Free Trade Association8
— Central Europe and the independent States
of the former Soviet Union9 — Mediterranean and Middle East 104
— United States, Japan and other industrialized countries 107
— Asia and Latin America8
— African, Caribbean and Pacific countries and overseas
countries and territories 110
— General development cooperation2
— Commercial policy6
— International organizations and conferences 12
— Human rights in the world 123
4. Common foreign and security policy5
5. Justice and home affairs cooperation 130
6. Financing Community activities2
— Budgets 13
— Financial operations4
— Measures to combat fraud7
7. Community institutions8
— Institutional affairs
— Parliament9
— Council 143
— Commission 'JO
— Community lawcourts 151
— Court of Auditors5
— European Investment Bank6
— Economic and Social Committee
— ECSC Consultative 160
PART TWO DOCUMENTATION
1. The ecu 162
2. Recommendation on the broad guidelines of the economic
policies of the Member States and of the Community 164
3. Infringement proceedings8
4. Additional references in the Official Journal 170
5. Index 17Supplements 1993
1/93 Address by Jacques Delors, President of the Commission, to
the European Parliament on the occasion of the investiture
debate of the new Commission
The Commission's work programme for 1993-94
Thes legislativee for 1993
Joint declaration on the 1993 legislative programme
2/93 The challenge of enlargement — Commission opinion on
Norway's application for membership
3/93 The future development of the common transport policy
4/93 The challenge of enlargement — Commission opinion on
Malta's application for membership
5/93 The challenge of enlargement — Commission opinion on the
application by the Republic of Cyprus for membership
6/93 Growth, competitiveness, employment — The challenges and
ways forward into the 21st century — White Paper I — Brussels European Council
stability pact with respect to the countries of Central Brussels, 10 and 11 December
and Eastern Europe in spring 1994.
/./. The meeting of Heads of State or Lastly, the European Council took a number of
decisions linked with the implementation of the Government held in Brussels on 10 and
Union Treaty and the conclusions of its October 11 December was chaired by Mr Dehaene,
meeting. President of the Council and Prime Minister
of Belgium, and attended by Mr Delors.
The European Council's discussions were preceded
President of the Commission. It was preceded
by an exchange of views with Mr Klepsch, President
by an exchange of views with Mr Klepsch. of the European Parliament, on the main topics on
President of the European Parliament, on the the agenda.
main items on the agenda.
Growth, competitiveness and
employment
Conclusions of the References:
Commission White Paper on growth, competi­
Presidency tiveness and employment — The challenges and ways
forward into the 21st century: COM(93) 700: point
1.2.44 of this Bulletin: Supplement 6/93 — Bull. EC
Council Recommendation 94/7/EC concerning the
broad guidelines of the economic policies of the Mem­
Introduction ber States and of the Community: OJ L 7. 11.1.1994:
point 1.2.45 of this Bulletin
Final Act concluding the Uruguay Round nego­1.2. Meeting for the first time following the entry
tiations: point 1.3.99 of this Bulletin
into force of the Treaty on European Union, the
Proposal for a Council Decision on the provision
Heads of State or Government expressed their
of Community interest subsidies on loans for SMFs
resolve to use to the full, immediately, the new
extended by (he EIB under its temporary lending
possibilities offered by the Treaty to confront cur­
facility: point 1.2.48 of this Bulletin
rent problems and impart a further impetus to the Commission communication 'Making the most of
Union. the internal market: strategic programme': point 1.2.1
of this Bulletin
The European Council focused above all on examin­ Commission communication on the development
ation oi' the economic situation and measures to of guidelines for the trans-European transport net­
combat unemployment. In the light of the White work: point 1.2.116 of this Bulletin
Paper presented by Mr Delors, it adopted a short Proposal for a Decision of the European Parlia­
ment and the Council concerning the fourth frame­and medium-term action plan whose implemen­
work programme of activities in the field of research,
tation it will itself monitor.
technological development and demonstration (1994-
98): point 1.2.103 of this Bulletin Subsequently, as regards justice and home affairs
the European Council adopted a first action plan
which, given the major importance of cooperation
in this sphere to ensure the security of citizens, will The figli! against unemployment —
need to be reinforced in future.
The action plan
As regards foreign and security policy, the European
Council undertook in particular an initial preven­ 1.3. Today's level of, with all its
tive-diplomacy step in deciding that the European direct and indirect effects, is endangering our
Union will convene an inaugural conference on a society's cohesion.
-1993 Bull. EC Conclusions of the Presidency
There is no miracle cure for unemployment. Nor of a low rate of inflation and controlled public
can we simply resign ourselves to it. We must act expenditure trends can lead to the progressive lower­
and our response will be all the more effective for ing of interest rates which is necessary to provide
being a joint one. Energy must be mobilized as it effective support for recovery and investment. Fur­
was when the Single Act was adopted if a new period thermore, exchange­rate stability is essential if the
of prosperity is to be ensured for the Community. potential of the single market is to be fully exploited.
In this context, the European Council approved, in
The subject of growth, competitiveness and the fight accordance with Article 103 of the Treaty, the out­
against unemployment has been on the agenda of line of the draft for the broad economic policy
every recent European Council meeting. In Edin­ guidelines drawn up by the Ecofin Council. It called
burgh it resulted in the adoption of a European upon the Ecofin Council to finalize the text at its
growth initiative, which was strengthened in meeting on 13 December 1993 in the light of the
Copenhagen and in Brussels. discussions it held on this subject and the relevant
conclusions on the White Paper. The seriousness of the crisis and the difficulties faced
by all Member States in improving the employment (ii) An open economy. Only an open system of
situation dictate that the effort undertaken hitherto world trade based on the principle and practice of
be amplified and directed to a greater extent towards multilateralism can provide effective support for
structural aspects.
recovery. This implies the creation of a world trade
organization capable of watching over rules drawn President Delors was the first to emphasize force­
up jointly, making it possible, inter alici, to prevent fully, in Copenhagen, the urgent need for overall
certain unfair competition practices. consideration of the causes of the present crisis and
of possible solutions. The result of this exercise is
The conclusion of the GATT negotiations under the
now the subject of the White Paper on the medium­
conditions laid down by the European Council in term strategy for growth, competitiveness and
Copenhagen and in Brussels will constitute a decis­employment, prepared by the Commission. The
ive step forward in this respect.' This general spirit European Council considers that the White Paper,
of openness will be particularly noticeable in relation
whose quality it stressed and which served as a basis
to the Community's neighbouring countries to the
for its discussions, contains a lucid analysis of the
east and south. At the same time advantage should
present economic and social situation of the Union
be taken of expanding markets in other parts of the and constitutes a reference point for future work.
world.
The European Council decided on this basis to
(iii) An economy geared to solidarity. The necessary
implement an action plan based on specific measures
adjustments must not call into question the model at the levels of the Union and of the Member States
of our society, which is founded on economic and directed at, in the short term, reversing the trend
social progress, a high level of social protection and then, by the end of the century, significantly
and continuous improvement in the quality of life. reducing the number of unemployed, at present
Solidarity must first be shown between those with
standing at the unacceptable level of 17 million.
jobs and those without; one expression of such soli­
darity is to allocate part of productivity gains on a The action plan consists of:
priority basis to investment and job creation, in
D a general framework for the policies to be pur­ particular through a policy of wage moderation. In
sued at Member State level to promote employment; addition, solidarity must contribute, by means of a
comprehensive policy covering both prevention and
D specific accompanying measures to be conducted reintegration, to the fight against social exclusion.
at Community level;
Solidarity must also be shown between regions in
the context of economic and social cohesion. □ a monitoring procedure.
The primary purpose of the action plan is to (iv) A more decentralized economy. Given the grow­
reinforce the competitiveness of the European econ­ ing importance of the local level, the economy needs
omy. The economy must respond to new require­ to be geared to the possibilities offered by the new
ments. It must also adapt to a world undergoing technologies and to mobilize to a greater extent than
hitherto the job­creation potential available within unprecedented change in production systems,
organization of work and modes of consumption. small and medium­sized enterprises.
The action plan rests on four prerequisites:
fi) A healthy economy. Only stable and coherent
economic and monetary policies with the objective Sec also Annex IV.
Bull. EC 12­1993