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Bulletin of the European Communities. No 3 1985 Volume 18

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ISSN 0378-3693 Bulletin OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES Commission No 3 1985 Volume 18 The Bulletin of the European Communities reports on the activities of the Commission and the other Community institutions. It is edited by the Secretariat-General of the Commission (rue de la Loi 200, B-1049 Brus­sels) and published eleven times a year (one issue covers July and August) in the official Community languages, Spanish and Portuguese. Reproduction is authorized provided the source is acknowledged. The following reference system is used: the first digit indicates the part number, the second digit the chapter number and the subsequent digit or digits the point number. Citations should therefore read as follows: Bull. EC 1 -1985, point 1.1.3 or 2.2.36. Supplements to the Bulletin are published in a separate series at irregular intervals. They contain official Commission material (e.g. communications to the Council, programmes, reports and proposals). Printed in Belgium ■ ƒ Bulletin OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES ECSC — EEC — EAEC Commission of the European Communities Secretariat-General Brussels No 3 1985 Sent to press in June 1985 Volume 18 contents SPECIAL RT ONE FEATURES 1. A fresh start for the Community — Putting the Stuttgart and Fontainebleau decisions into effect 7 2. European Council in Brussels and March Council meetings 11 3.

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ISSN 0378-3693
Bulletin
OF THE EUROPEAN
COMMUNITIES
Commission
No 3 1985
Volume 18 The Bulletin of the European Communities reports on the activities of the
Commission and the other Community institutions. It is edited by the
Secretariat-General of the Commission (rue de la Loi 200, B-1049 Brus­
sels) and published eleven times a year (one issue covers July and
August) in the official Community languages, Spanish and Portuguese.
Reproduction is authorized provided the source is acknowledged.
The following reference system is used: the first digit indicates the part
number, the second digit the chapter number and the subsequent digit
or digits the point number. Citations should therefore read as follows:
Bull. EC 1 -1985, point 1.1.3 or 2.2.36.
Supplements to the Bulletin are published in a separate series at irregular
intervals. They contain official Commission material (e.g. communications
to the Council, programmes, reports and proposals).
Printed in Belgium ■
ƒ
Bulletin
OF THE EUROPEAN
COMMUNITIES
ECSC — EEC — EAEC
Commission of the European Communities
Secretariat-General
Brussels
No 3
1985 Sent to press in June 1985
Volume 18 contents
SPECIAL
RT ONE FEATURES
1. A fresh start for the Community — Putting the Stuttgart and
Fontainebleau decisions into effect 7
2. European Council in Brussels and March Council meetings 11
3. The Commission's programme for 1985 17
ACTIVITIES
PART TWO IN MARCH 1985
20 Building the Community
20 — Economic and monetary policy
— Internal market and industrial affairs 21
26 — Industrial innovation and the information market
28 — Customs union
29 — Competition
— Financial institutions and taxation 31
31 — Employment, education and social policy
33 — Culture
34 — Regional policy
34 — Environment and consumers
40 — Agriculture
48 — Fisheries
49 — Transport
50 — Energy
51 — Research and development 2. Enlargement and external relations 55
—t and bilateral relations with applicant
countries 55
— Commercial policy 55
— Relations with industrialized countries 58
—s with other countries and regions 61
• Mediterraneans 61
• Countries of the Gulf and the Arabian peninsula 62
• Asia 63
• Latin America 63
• State-trading countries 64
— Development 64
3. Financing Community activities 68
4. Political and institutional matters 70
— Political cooperation 70
— European policy and relations between the institutions 70
72 — Institutions and organs of the Communities
• Parliament 72
• Council 77
• Commission 79
• Court of Justice 79
• Economic and Social Committee 88
• ECSC Consultative Committee 90
• European Investment Bank 91
Α Γ REE DOCUMENTATION
1. ECU 94
2. Additional references in the Official Journal 95
3. Infringement procedures 96
4. Commission memorandum to the European Council 97
5. Report from the ad hoc Committee on Institutional Affairs 102
6.t from the ad hoce on a People's Europe 111 Supplements 1985
1/85 The thrust of Commission policy: Statement by Jacques
Delors, President of the Commission, to the European Parlia­
ment and extracts from his reply to the ensuing debate
2/85 Consumer redress
3/85 Cross-border mergers of public limited companies — Proposal
for a tenth Directive
4/85 Programme of the Commission for 1985
"5/85 Progress towards a common transport policy—maritime trans­
port
'6/85 Advanced manufacturing equipment in the Community
" In preparation. PART ONE
SPECIAL FEATURES Bulletin information service
Readers can obtain information on developments since this issue went to press (date of
adoption of instruments by the Council, of opinions given by Parliament or the Economic
and Social Committee, of publication in the Official Journal, etc.) by telephoning the
document services of the Information Offices at the following numbers:
London 222 8122
Belfast 240708
Cardiff 371631
Edinburgh5 205
Dublin 712244
M. Clairet
Mme Mescarello
Mme Teirlinck
References in text and footnotes
References to other parts of the same issue of the Bulletin are given in parentheses in text,
thus (-» point 2.1.53).
References to other issues of the Bulletin, to a Bulletin Supplement, to an Official Journal
etc. are given in footnotes.
Standardized abbreviations for the designation of certain monetary units in the different languages of
the Community:
ECU = European currency unit
BFR = Belgische frank / Franc beige
DKR = Dansk krone
DM = Deutsche Mark
DR = Greek drachma
FF = Franc français
HFL = Nederlandse gulden (Hollandse florijn)
IRL = Irish pound / punt
LFR = Franc luxembourgeois
LIT = Lira italiana
UKL = Pound sterling
USD = United States dollar 1. A fresh start for the Community
The agreement marks the culmination of Putting the Stuttgart and
over six years of arduous negotiations, the
Fontainebleau decisions
closing stages of which involved highly sen­
into effect sitive discussions, notably during the mara­
thon session from 17 to 21 March and the
negotiating round of 27 to 29 March.
1.1.1. With the Spanish and Portuguese
Appropriately, 28 March was the anniver­
accession negotiations successfully con­
sary of Portugal's official application to join
cluded after more than six years and agree­
the Communities, lodged on 28 March
ment finally reached on an increase in own
1977; the Spanish application was lodged
resources and the financing of the 1985
on 28 July of the same year.
budget—Greece's objections were over­
come by the European Council's decision The March agreement does not mean that
on IMPs—the Community has taken an every detail of the accession arrangements
important step towards putting its house in has now been finalized, however. Not only
order. have the exact terms of the Act of Accession
still to be drafted: a few points, notably
These decisions follow on from those taken
the relationship between the two applicant
in March 1984 on the reform of the common
countries themselves, remain to be nego­
agricultural policy, as well as the adjust­
tiated. This will take time, but both sides
ments to the common organization of the
stressed the need to keep to the scheduled
market for wine, and the overhaul of the
enlargement date of 1 January 1986. This
Regional Fund, which took effect in Jan­
means signing the Treaty no later than June,
uary this year. R&D has likewise received a
so that it can be ratified by the parliaments
boost with the go-ahead given to the Esprit
of the existing and prospective Member
programme and the outline research pro­
States in the latter half of the year.
gramme, and in the customs field the single
Community document has finally been
approved. These most recent achievements
The main points of the
put the finishing touches to the negotiations
March agreement
begun at the Stuttgart European Council to
reactivate the Community and the guide­
lines set at Fontainebleau. They make it Spain
possible to settle outstanding problems and
grievances, and provide the Community
1.1.3. Agriculture. Spain's import from the Com­
with solid foundations for its development munity of milk, cream, butter, cheese, beef and
until the end of the decade. veal, and common wheat will be subject to a
special ten-year transitional arrangement which
provides for a surveillance mechanism based on
Objective' import volumes for each product,
A green light for the accession increasing annually at predetermined rates.
of Spain and Portugal
The Community for its part will dismantle its
customs duties on Spanish fresh fruit and vegetable
1.1.2. At four o'clock in the morning of
exports over a ten-year period, the first four years
29 March the President of the Council, Mr serving to facilitate Spain's introduction of
Giulio Andreotti, was finally able to machinery that will enable the common market
announce that the Ten had reached agree­ organization to operate. There will be a tran­
sitional period (also of ten years) for vegetable oils ment with the two applicant countries at a
and fats; Spain's quantitative controls on imports political level on the main points of a sol­
of seeds and seed oil will remain in place for
ution to the major outstanding questions:
the first five of those years. Full alignment of
agriculture, fisheries, social affairs, own
intervention prices will be postponed until the
resources, and the status of the Canary relevant Community legislation has been amended.
Islands. For sugar and isoglucose, 'guarantee' levels have
Bull. EC 3-1985 Fresh start
been set at a million tonnes and 83 000 tonnes and special rules also govern the right to seek
respectively. employment or change jobs in Luxembourg.
There is provision for special support measures to
Budget contributions. A formula similar to that
be applied to pigmeat until such time as Spain has
used for Greek accession has been agreed. Spain
eradicated African swine fever, while on the key
will pay its share of own resources in full, but
question of wine it was agreed that the alignment
VAT will be refunded on a sliding scale for a
between Spanish and Community prices would
number of years, at a rate which ensures 'budget
take place over a period of seven years from
neutrality'—in other words, Spain will not be a
accession. During that time a 'regulatory amount'
net contributor.
will be used to offset price differences in Spain's
trade with the Community in table wines and some
The Canary Islands. The Canaries will not be a other types of wine. The reference level for the
part of the customs union, which means among compulsory distillation of Spanish table wine has
other things that they will not have to apply Com­been set at 27.5 million hectolitres.
munity rules governing imports from non-member
countries; also, however, that their duty-free
Fisheries. The challenge facing the negotiators was
exports to the Community and Spain must not
to work out a formula for Spanish participation exceed traditional levels. The common agricultural
in the common fisheries policy that would still
policy, parts of the common fisheries policy and
preserve the existing balance between Member VAT will not apply to the Canaries either; tariff
States. quotas will be set for various agricultural and
fisheries products and manufactured tobaccos, and
It was agreed that specific rules must be established
a number of measures, including the introduction
to govern fishing in French and Spanish coastal
of origin rules, will be taken to prevent any deflec­
waters between the six-mile and twelve-mile limits,
tion of trade.
and arrangements were worked out allowing Span­
ish fishermen access to certain Community waters
up to the end of 1995, when new terms will come
Portugal into effect. Spanish boats will also be allowed to
operate in the Irish box from that date.
1.1.4. Agriculture. The broad outlines of the
A maximum of 300 vessels will be licensed for
transitional arrangements had already been
hake fishing, though 150 standard trawlers will be
worked out in advance of the March negotiations,
allowed to fish at the same time, five of them for
the two sides settling for a ten-year transition
non-demersal species. There will also be a limit
period divided into equal five-year stages for the
on the number of specialized boats allowed to
major products, and a basic seven-year period
operate.
for other products (though some measures would
apply for the full ten years).
Spain will be entitled to 30% of the total allowable
catch of hake in the areas concerned, plus a further It was also agreed that Portugal would receive 700
4 500 tonnes, bringing its total up to 18 000 tonnes.
million ECU from the EAGGF Guidance Section
Catch limits will also be set for other species on
over the first ten years of membership as a special
an area-by-area basis, and Spanish fishermen will programme, over and above its normal entitle­
have to comply with all Community rules on con­
ment, to help it bring about structural changes to
servation of fish stocks.
its agriculture.
The mutual fisheries arrangements of the two At the negotiating session on 28 March further
applicant countries will be worked out in agree­ important decisions were taken concerning Portu­
ment with the Community before the end of the gal's agricultural trade with the rest of the Com­
accession negotiations. munity, and detailed arrangements were estab­
lished for sugar, vegetable oils and fats and tomato
concentrate: a quota of 75 000 tonnes was set for Social affairs. Spanish workers who already have
sugar imports from the ACP States at the cut-rate a job in the Community will be entitled to equal
levy; the arrangements for vegetable oils and fats treatment, even if they are unemployed at the time
will be the same (a ten-year transitional period of accession. Other Spanish workers will have free
access to employment in the Community after plus a five-year standstill) as those applying to
Spain; while for tomato concentrate, tariffs are to seven years, though members of their family will
be phased out over four years and the guarantee have to fulfil a transitional five-year residence con­
dition. Community family allowance provisions threshold has been set at 120 000 tonnes. Lastly,
tariff barriers on wine will be brought down rap­will not apply for three years to members of a
idly—over two years in the case of liqueur wine. worker's family remaining in the country of origin,
Bull. EC 3-1985