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Bulletin of the European Communities. No 5 1989 Volume 22

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ISSN 0378-3693 Bulletin of the European Communities Commission NO 5 1989 Volume 22 The Bulletin of the European Communities reports on the activities of the Commission and the other Community institutions. It is edited by the Secretariat-General of the Commission (rue de la Loi 200, B-1049 Brus­sels) and published 11 times a year (one issue covers July and August) in the official Community languages. The following reference system is used: the first digit indicates the part number, the second digit the chapter number and the subsequent digit or digits the point number. Citations should therefore read as follows: Bull. EC 1 -1 987, point 1.1.3 or 2.2.36. Supplements to the Bulletin are published in a separate series at irregular intervals. They contain official Commission material (e.g. communications to the Council, programmes, reports and proposals). © ECSC-EEC-EAEC, Brussels · Luxembourg, 1989 Reproduction is authorized provided the source is acknowledged. Printed in Belgium Bulletin of the European Communities Commission ECSC — EEC — EAEC Commission of the European Communities Secretariat-General Brussels NO 5 1989 Volume 22 Sent to press in October 1989 Bulletin information service Readers can obtain information on developments since this issue went to press (date of adoption of instruments by the Council, of opinions given by Parliament or the Economic and Social Committee, of publication in the Official Journal, etc.

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ISSN 0378-3693
Bulletin
of the European
Communities
Commission
NO 5 1989 Volume 22 The Bulletin of the European Communities reports on the activities of the
Commission and the other Community institutions. It is edited by the
Secretariat-General of the Commission (rue de la Loi 200, B-1049 Brus­
sels) and published 11 times a year (one issue covers July and August)
in the official Community languages.
The following reference system is used: the first digit indicates the part
number, the second digit the chapter number and the subsequent digit or
digits the point number. Citations should therefore read as follows: Bull.
EC 1 -1 987, point 1.1.3 or 2.2.36.
Supplements to the Bulletin are published in a separate series at irregular
intervals. They contain official Commission material (e.g. communications
to the Council, programmes, reports and proposals).
© ECSC-EEC-EAEC, Brussels · Luxembourg, 1989
Reproduction is authorized provided the source is acknowledged.
Printed in Belgium Bulletin
of the European
Communities
Commission
ECSC — EEC — EAEC
Commission of the European Communities
Secretariat-General
Brussels
NO 5 1989 Volume 22
Sent to press in October 1989 Bulletin information service
Readers can obtain information on developments since this issue went to press (date of
adoption of instruments by the Council, of opinions given by Parliament or the Economic
and Social Committee, of publication in the Official Journal, etc.) by telephoning the
document services of the Information Offices at the following numbers:
London 222 8122
Belfast 240708
Cardiff 371631
Edinburgh5 205
Dublin 712244
References in text and footnotes
References to other parts of the same issue of the Bulletin are given in parentheses in text,
thus (-* point 2.1.53).
References to other issues of the Bulletin, to a Bulletin Supplement, to an Official Journal
etc. are given in footnotes.
Standardized abbreviations for the designation of certain monetary units in the different languages of
the Community:
ECU = European currency unit
BFR = Belgische frank / Franc beige
DKR Dansk krone =
DM = Deutsche Mark
DR = Greek drachma
ESC Escudo =
FF Franc français =
HFL Nederlandse gulden (Hollandse florijn) =
IRL Irish pound / punt =
LFR Franc luxembourgeois =
LIT Lira italiana =
PTA = Peseta
UKL = Pound sterling
USD United States dollar contents
SPECIAL
PART ONE FEATURES
1. Approximation of indirect taxation 8
2. Preliminary draft Community Charter of Fundamental Social
Rights 9
3. News in brief 12
ART VVO INMAY1989
Building the Community 14
— Economic and monetary policy 14
— Internal market 14
— Customs union 19
— Taxation 21
— Enterprise 21
23 — Industrial strategy and services
— Research and technology 24
— Telecommunications, information technology and
innovation 28
— Competition 29
— Employment and social policy 34
— Human resources, education, training and youth 38
— Information, communication and culture 38
41 — Regional policy
— Environment 43
— Consumers 47
— Agriculture 48
— Fisheries 54
— Transport 56
— Energy 59 2. External relations 61
— Commercial policy
— Industrialized countries2
— Mediterranean, Gulf and Arabian Peninsula countries 65
— Asia7
— African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries and
overseas countries and territories (OCTs) 6
— General development cooperation 70
— International organizations and conferences4
3. Intergovernmental cooperation5
— European politicaln
— Other intergovernmental cooperation6
4. Human rights and fundamental freedoms 77
5. Financing Community activities 80
6. Statistics 83
7. Institutions and organs of the Communities5
— Parliament
— Council 9
— Commission
— Court of Justice4
— Economic and Social Committee 105
— European Investment Bank6
PART THREE DOCUMENTATION
1. The ecu 110
2. Books and reading2
3. Preliminary draft Community Charter of Fundamental Social
Rights4
4. Coordination in support of structural adjustment in the ACP
States7
5. Infringement procedures9
6. Additional references in the Official Journal 12
7. Index 121 Supplements 1989
1/89 Statement on the broad lines of Commission policy and reply
to the ensuing Parliamentary debate
2/89 Programme of the Commission for 1989
3/89 Takeover and other general bids — proposal for a 13th com­
pany law Directive PARTONE
SPECIALFEATURES 1. Approximation of indirect taxation
1.1.1. On 17 May the Commission proposal for a reduced-rate band of 4 to
adopted for transmission to the Council a 9%; introduction of the possibility for those
Member States which so desired to retain communication on completion of the inter­
nal market and approximation of indirect zero-rating for a very small number of prod­
taxes that proposes a number of new guide­ ucts, subject to certain conditions; introduc­
lines for then of VAT and tion of special arrangements for certain
excise duty rates. ' clearly defined commercial transactions
(mail-order sales; sales of cars; sales to insti­
The new approach, which reaffirms the tutional non-taxable persons or to exempt
objectives set out in the Commission's taxable persons; arrangements for suspend­
initial proposals of 4 August 1987 (approxi­ ing VAT on intra-Community sales between
mation of rates, and removal of tax frontiers associated enterprises); as for the revenue
incompatible with a genuine single mar­ accruing to Member States, replacement of
ket),2 is based on a three-pronged stragegy: the central clearing fund initially envisaged
by a simplified mechanism for refunding
(i) introduction of a transitional conver­
surplus VAT balances calculated on the
gence phase (to run until the end of 1992)
basis of intra-Community trade statistics;
during which Member States would be
given every encouragement to speed up the (iii) amendments to the proposals relating
aproximation of VAT and excise duty rates, to excise duties in order to take account of
procedures would be simplified for traders the widely differing levels of taxation in
(abolition of the transit advice note) and Member States and of the need to protect
there would be a gradual and substantial health (alcohol and tobacco) and to pro­
increase in allowances for people travelling mote energy savings and environmental
within the Community (from ECU 800 at protection (petroleum products).
the beginning of 1990 to ECU 1 600 at the
beginning of 1992);
COM(89) 260 final.
(ii) as regards VAT, adoption of a mini­
OJ C 250, 18.9.1987; OJ C 251, 19.9.1987; OJ C 252,
mum standard rate as an alternative to the 22.9.1987; OJ C 262, 1.10.1987; Bull. EC 7/8-1987, point
proposed rate band; maintenance of the 1.2.1 et seq.
Bull. EC 5-1989