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Bulletin of the European Communities. No 9 1989 Volume 22

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ISSN 0378-3693 Bulletin of the European Communities Commission NO 9 1989 Volume22 The Bulletin of the European Communities reports on the activities of the Commission and the other Community institutions. It is edited by the Secretariat-General of the Commission (rue de la Loi 200, B-1049 Brus­sels) and published 11 times a year (one issue covers July and August) in the official Community languages. The following reference system is used: the first digit indicates the part number, the second digit the chapter number and the subsequent digit or digits the point number. Citations should therefore read as follows: Bull. EC 1-1987, point 1.1.3 or 2.2.36. Supplements to the Bulletin are published in a separate series at irregular intervals. They contain official Commission material (e.g. communications to the Council, programmes, reports and proposals). © ECSC-EEC-EAEC, Brussels· Luxembourg, 1989 Reproduction is authorized provided the source is acknowledged. Printed in Belgium Bulletin of the European Communities Commission ECSC — EEC — EAEC Commission of the European Communities Secretariat-General Brussels NO 9 1989 Volume 22 Sent to press in October 1989 Bulletin information service Readers can obtain information on developments since this issue went to press (date of adoption of instruments by the Council, of opinions given by Parliament or the Economic and Social Committee, of publication in the Official Journal, etc.

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ISSN 0378-3693
Bulletin
of the European
Communities
Commission
NO 9 1989 Volume22 The Bulletin of the European Communities reports on the activities of the
Commission and the other Community institutions. It is edited by the
Secretariat-General of the Commission (rue de la Loi 200, B-1049 Brus­
sels) and published 11 times a year (one issue covers July and August)
in the official Community languages.
The following reference system is used: the first digit indicates the part
number, the second digit the chapter number and the subsequent digit or
digits the point number. Citations should therefore read as follows: Bull.
EC 1-1987, point 1.1.3 or 2.2.36.
Supplements to the Bulletin are published in a separate series at irregular
intervals. They contain official Commission material (e.g. communications
to the Council, programmes, reports and proposals).
© ECSC-EEC-EAEC, Brussels· Luxembourg, 1989
Reproduction is authorized provided the source is acknowledged.
Printed in Belgium Bulletin
of the European
Communities
Commission
ECSC — EEC — EAEC
Commission of the European Communities
Secretariat-General
Brussels
NO 9 1989 Volume 22
Sent to press in October 1989 Bulletin information service
Readers can obtain information on developments since this issue went to press (date of
adoption of instruments by the Council, of opinions given by Parliament or the Economic
and Social Committee, of publication in the Official Journal, etc.) by telephoning the
document services of the Information Offices at the following numbers:
London 222 8122
Belfast 240708
Cardiff 371631
Edinburgh5 205
Dublin 712244
References in text and footnotes s to other parts of the same issue of the Bulletin are given in parentheses in text,
thus (-» point 2.1.53).
References to other issues of the Bulletin, to a Bulletin Supplement, to an Official Journal
etc. are given in footnotes.
Standardized abbreviations for the designation of certain monetary units in the different languages of
the Community:
= ECU European currency unit
= BFR Belgische frank / Franc beige
DKR = Dansk krone
DM = Deutsche Mark
DR = Greek drachma
ESC = Escudo
FF = Franc français
HFL Nederlandse gulden (Hollandse florijn) =
IRL Irish pound / punt =
LFR = Franc luxembourgeois
LIT = Lira italiana
PTA = Peseta
UKL = Pound sterling
USD United States dollar contents
PART ONE ÏÏSSSta
1. A Community strategy for waste management 8
2. News in brief 11
WÍJ IISI SEPTEMBER 1989
1. Building the Community4
— Economic and monetary policy 1
— Internal market 16
— Customs union 20
— Enterprise
— Industrial strategy and services1
— Research and technology2
— Telecommunications, information technology and
innovation3
— Competition4
— Employment and social policy 28
— Human resources, education, training and youth 31
— Information, communication and culture 3
— Regional policy 31
— Environment2
— Consumers4
— Agriculture5
— Fisheries 4
— Transport
— Energy3 2. External relations 45
— Commercial policy
— Industrialized countries6
— Mediterranean, Gulf and Arabian Peninsula countries 49
— Latin America 50
— African, Caribbean and Pacific countries and
overseas countries and territories 5
— General development cooperation2
— International organizations and conferences4
3. Intergovernmental cooperation5
— European politicaln (EPC) 5
4. Human rights and fundamental freedoms7
5. Financing Community activities 60
6. Statistics 61
7. Institutions and organs of the Communities 62
— Parliament
— Council6
— Commission8
— Court of Justice
— Economic and Social Committee 73
— ECSC Consultativee4
— European Investment Bank5
DOCUMENTATION PART THREE
1. The ecu 80
2. The Community at the UN2
3. Address by Mr Jacques Delors to the Council of Europe 91
4. Infringement procedures 96
5 Additional references in the Official Journal8
6. Index 10Supplements 1989
1/89 Statement on the broad lines of Commission policy and reply
to the ensuing Parliamentary debate
2/89 Programme of the Commission for 1989
3/89 Takeover and other general bids
4/89 Medium-term Community action programme to foster the
economic and social integration of the least privileged groups
5/89 Statute for a European Company PARTONE
SPECIALFEATURES 1. A Community strategy for waste
management
1.1.1. On 13 September the Commission mission, which responds to a wish expressed
by the European Parliament in the resol­adopted, for transmission to the Council
ution it adopted on 11 April 19841 follow­and the European Parliament, a communi­
ing the disappearance of the waste from cation on a Community strategy for waste
the Seveso disaster. The general priorities management.
identified in the waste management strategy
are prevention, recycling and reuse, waste
disposal, transport, and restoration of con­
The need for a Community strategy
taminated sites. Waste management in a
Community without internal frontiers is
1.1.2. The development of waste manage­
also considered.
ment in recent decades has shown that the
problems raised by waste are reaching such
proportions that waste management is now
The priorities
no longer purely a regional or national mat­
ter. In the past, it was usually possible to
find local solutions to waste disposal prob­ Prevention
lems, but now that waste is so diverse sol­
utions must be found in a wider framework 1.1.3. Prevention of waste is the first plank
in which economic considerations are vital. of the Community strategy for waste man­
The waste treatment sector employed over agement. Recent figures show that techno­
2 million people in the Community in 1982 logical changes can reduce the amount of
and had an annual turnover of between waste arising provided that genuinely clean
ECU 100 billion and ECU 200 billion. technologies are developed, rather than
purification technologies, which merely
Waste is not only a potential source of shift the pollution. Waste prevention is also
pollution but can also constitute 'secondary' a question of products. The aim is to
natural resources. In this context questions encourage the use of products which gener­
arise concerning preferred disposal routes ate less waste (e.g. by introducing an 'envir­
and the rules governing the movements of
onment-friendly' label). This concerns both
waste as the internal market opens up. It
the manufacturers and designers of con­
follows, given the close interdependence
sumer products and the consumers who
between waste management and many
generate the waste.
industrial and commercial activities, that
unless there is a Community strategy for
waste management the environment may Recycling and reuse
suffer and the completion of the internal
market may even be jeopardized as a result 1.1.4. The Commission considers that pri­
of distortions of competition, unwarranted ority should be given to the recycling and
switching of investment or market compart- reuse of waste. Recycling and reuse should
mentalization. be promoted by:
(i) research and development on recycling
Action by the European Community in the
and reuse techniques;
waste management sphere must be based
(ii) optimizing collection and sorting sys­on clear principles and guided by compre­
tems (separate collection, electromechanical hensive medium-term and long-term stra­
sorting, etc.); tegic thinking and the setting of general
priorities to be implemented in the period
up to the year 2000. This is the aim of the
communication adopted by the Com­ 1 OJ C 127, 14.5.1984; Bull. EC 4-1984, point 2.4.9.
Bull. EC 9-1989