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Bulletin of the European Union. 4/1998

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ISSN 0378-3693 European Commission Bulletin of the European Union 4.1998 The Bulletin of the European Union reports on the activities of the Commission and the other Community institutions. It is produced by the Secretariat-General of the European Commission and published 10 times a year in the official European languages. The following reference system is used: the first digit indicates the part number, the second digit the chapter number and the subsequent digit or digits the point number. Citations should there­fore read as follows: Bull. 1/2-1994, point 1.1.1 or 2.2.3. Supplements to the Bulletin are published in a separate series at irregular intervals. They contain official Commission material (e.g. communications to the Council, programmes, reports and proposals). A great deal of additional information on the European Union is available on the Internet. It can be accessed through the Europa server (http://europa.eu.int). European Commission Secretariat-General Editorial team: rue de la Loi /Wetstraat 200 — B-1049 Brussels — Tel. (32-2) 2957930 Senf to press in May 1998 © European Communities, 1998 Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged. Printed in France European Commission Bulletin of the European Union 4.

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ISSN 0378-3693
European Commission
Bulletin
of the European Union
4.1998 The Bulletin of the European Union reports on the activities of the Commission and the other
Community institutions. It is produced by the Secretariat-General of the European Commission
and published 10 times a year in the official European languages.
The following reference system is used: the first digit indicates the part number, the second digit
the chapter number and the subsequent digit or digits the point number. Citations should there­
fore read as follows: Bull. 1/2-1994, point 1.1.1 or 2.2.3.
Supplements to the Bulletin are published in a separate series at irregular intervals. They contain
official Commission material (e.g. communications to the Council, programmes, reports and
proposals).
A great deal of additional information on the European Union is available on the Internet. It
can be accessed through the Europa server (http://europa.eu.int).
European Commission
Secretariat-General
Editorial team: rue de la Loi /Wetstraat 200 — B-1049 Brussels — Tel. (32-2) 2957930
Senf to press in May 1998
© European Communities, 1998
Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.
Printed in France European Commission
Bulletin
of the European Union
4.1998 Bulletin information service
Readers can obtain information on developments since this issue went to press (date of
adoption of instruments by the Council, of opinions given by Parliament or the
Economic and Social Committee, of publication in the Official Journal, etc.) by tele­
phoning the documentation service of the Commission Offices on the following
numbers:
(171) 222 8122 London
Belfast (1232) 240 708
(1222) 371 631 Cardiff
Edinburgh (131) 225 2058
Dublin (1) 671 2244
References in the text
References to other parts of the same issue of the Bulletin are given in parentheses in
text, thus (-» point 2.1.53).
Abbreviations
Publications cited in this Bulletin
Bull. Bulletin of the European Union
Supplement - Bull. Supplement to the Bulletin of the European Union
General Report General Report on the Activities of the European Union
Currencies
ATS Austrian schilling
BEF Belgian franc
DEM German mark
DKK Danish krone
Spanish peseta ESP
FIM Finnish markka
FRF French franc
GBP Pound sterling
GRD Greek drachma
IEP Irish pound
Italian lira ITL
LUF Luxembourg franc
NLG Dutch guilder
PTE Portuguese escudo
SEK Swedish krona
USD United States dollar
__ Contents
ACTIVITIES IN APRIL 1998 Part One
News in brief
Agenda 2000
Human rights.
The Community economic and social area 9
9 Economic and monetary policy
11 Employment and socialy
14 Internal market
19 Competition
24 Industrial policy
25 Enterprisey
26 Research and technology
27 Education, vocational training and youth
27 Economic and Social Cohesion
28 Trans-European networks
29 Energy
32 Transport
34 Information society, telecommunications
35 Environment
38 Agriculture
41 Fisheries
41 Public health
44 Consumer policy and health protection
44 Culture
45 Audiovisual policy
47 Role of the Union in the world
Common foreign and security policy 47
49 International organisations and conferences
Common commercial policy 51
Development policy 54
Humanitarian aid 54
Central Europe 55
57 Mediterranean and Middle East
Independent States of the former Soviet Union; Mongolia 61
62 United States, Japan and other industrialised countries
Asia 63
Latin America 65
66 ACP countries, South Africa and OCTs
Diplomatic relations 69 Justice and home affairs cooperation 70
Financing Community activities 72
72 Reform of resource management
Budgets 72
80 Financial operations
cSO l control
Protection of the Communities' financial interests and the fight
80 against fraud
SI Statistical system
Community law 87
Monitoring the application of Community law 87
Decisions by the Court of Justice and the Court of First Instance
Community institutions 95
Parliament 95
97 Council
Commission 99
99 Court of Auditors
European Investment Bank 100
Economic and Social Committee 101
102 ECSC Consultativee
DOCUMENTATION Part Two
1 The ecu 104
2 Council conclusions on conditionality 106
3 Second Europe-Asia summit 110
4 Additional references in the Official Journal 117
5 Corrigenda 119
6 Index 120 PART
ACTIVITIES
IN APRIL 1998 News in brief
□ Euro: the Commission adopts three recommendations on practical arrangements for the
introduction of the euro (­» point 1.2.3) and Parliament adopts a resolution on progress'towards
convergence and transition to the euro (­» point 1.2.4).
□ Employment and social policy: the Commission adopts communications on undeclared
work (­* point 1.2.8) and a social action programme for the period 1998­2002 (­* point 1.2.7).
□ Enterprise policy: the Commission adopts a communication 'Fostering entrepreneurship in
Europe: Priorities for the future' (­» point 1.2.66) and the Council agrees a decision on mea­
sures of financial assistance for innovative and job­creating small and medium­sized enterprises
(­> point 1.2.67).
π Energy: the Treaty on the European Energy Charter enters into force (­» point 1.2.88) and
the Commission adopts a communication on a strategy for energy efficiency in the Community
(— point 1.2.79).
□ Sea transport: the Commission adopts a communication, a proposal for a directive and a
proposal for a regulation on a Community policy on the manning of regular passenger and ferry
services operating within the y (­» point 1.2.94).
□ Public health: the Commission adopts a communication on the development of public health
policy in the Community (­» point 1.2.139).
□ Consumers: the Council approves a proposal for a directive on injunctions (­» point 1.2.149)
and agrees a common position on a proposal for a directive on the sale of consumer goods and
associated guarantees (-► point 1.2.148).
□ South-eastern Europe: the Commission and the Council adopt conclusions on the applica­
tion of conditionality to relations with the countries of south­eastern Europe (­» points 1.3.47
and 1.3.48).
□ Asia: the second Europe­Asia summit is held in London (­» point 1.3.71).
□ Budgets: the Commission approves the preliminary draft budget for 1999 (­» point 1.5.4).
Bull. EU 4­1998 I. Agenda 2000
ƒ.7. Draft interinstitutional agreement on budget­ is to enshrine the financial perspective agreed
ary discipline and improvement of the budgetary between the institutions in an annex to the
procedure. agreement and lay down the rules on how it is to
operate. The agreement thus guarantees budget­References:
ary discipline and improves the budgetary pro­Joint declaration by Parliament, the Council
and the Commission on various measures to cedure by means of more effective interinstitu­
improve the budgetary procedure: OJ C 194, tional cooperation.
28.7.1982
The Commission proposes renewing most of the Interinstitutional Agreement on budgetary dis­
provisions of the current agreement and incorpo­cipline and improvement of they proce­
dure: OJ C 331, 7.12.1993; Bull. 10-1993, point rating a number of improvements. The main
1.5.1 ■ innovation is the proposed consolidation of the
Declaration by Parliament, the Council and the various agreements or joint declarations govern­
Commission on the incorporation of financial ing interinstitutional relations in the budget sec­
provisions into legislative acts: OJ C 293, tor. The new Interinstitutional Agreement would
8.11.1995; Bull. 3­1995, point 1.6.1
be concluded for an indefinite period and its
Interinstitutional Agreement between Parlia­
scope would be far greater. Apart from the 1993 ment, the Council and the Commission on provi­
agreement, it would replace the joint declaration sions regarding financing of the common foreign
of 30 June 1982, the declaration of 6 March and security policy: Bull. 7/8­1997, point 1.4.1
1995 on the incorporation of financial provi­Commission report on the implementation of
sions into legislative acts, the joint declaration the Interinstitutional Agreement of 29 October
1993 on budgetary discipline and improvement of of 12 December 1996 on fisheries agreements
the budgetary procedure — proposals for rene­ and the Interinstitutional Agreement of 17 July
wal: COM(1998) 165; Bull. 3­1998, point 1.24 1997 regarding financing of the common foreign
and security policy. The new agreement would Adopted by the Commission on 29 April. In ac­
also cover the classification of expenditure into cordance with the guidelines adopted by the
compulsory expenditure and non­compulsory Commission in its report on the implementation
expenditure, the issue of the legal bases needed of the Interinstitutional Agreement of 29 Octo­
to implement appropriations, enlargement of the ber 1993 on budgetary discipline and improve­
scope of the conciliation procedure between the ment of the y procedure, this draft
institutions during the budgetary procedure and agreement has been sent by the Commission to
the memorandum of understanding on the late the Council and Parliament as a working paper
presentation of a letter of amendment for the for the discussion between the institutions. As
agricultural sector. with the previous agreement, the main objective
Bull. EU 4­1998 1. Human rights
Action outside the European Union Turkey
1.1.3. Parliament resolution on the arrest of the Cameroon
Italian citizen Dino Frisullo in Turkey.
1.1.1. Parliament resolution on freedom of
expression in Cameroon. Adopted on 2 April. Supporting the request
made by the Italian Government, Parliament Adopted on 2 April. Deploring the arrest and
called on the Turkish authorities to sanction the
heavy sentencing of Pius Njawé, editor of the
immediate release of Dino Frisullo, who was newspaper Le Messager, and Michel Michaut
arrested on 21 March for taking part in cele­Moussala, editor of the weekly Aurore Plus,
brations to mark the Kurdish New Year ('New-
Parliament called for their immediate and
roz') and for demonstrating in support of the unconditional release. It also called on the Cam­
fundamental rights of the Kurdish people. It
eroon Government to show all due respect for
called on the Turkish Government to show re­human rights and fundamental freedoms and, in
spect for fundamental human rights, as required
particular, freedom of expression.
by the international conventions that Turkey has
OJ C 138, 4.5.1998
signed, and in particular to guarantee the rights
of freedom of opinion and freedom of expres­
United States sion. It pointed out that closer cooperation be­
tween the European Union and Turkey was con­
1.1.2. Parliament resolution on the death pen­
ditional, first and foremost, upon full respect for
alty in the United States.
human rights.
Adopted on 2 April. Parliament called on the OJ C 138, 4.5.1998
United States to abolish the death penalty and
called on all its individual States to remove the
death penalty from their statute books. Reaffirm­
ing its outrage at the execution of Judy Bue-
noano in Florida on 30 March, it reiterated its Financing
call for Mumea A.bu-Jamal's case to be re­
viewed and for the death sentence on him to be
commuted. 1.1.4. Financing of operations to promote de­
OJ C 138, 4.5.1998 mocracy and human rights (see Table 1).
Table 1 — Financing of operations to promote democracy and human rights
(ECU)
Purpose Amount
1 project to promote démocratisation and human rights in the countries of southern Africa 165 000
33 projects promoting human rights and democracy (MEDA programme for democracy)
in various Mediterranean countries 6 345 805
1 project promoting democracy in the new independent States and Mongolia 3 500 000
Bull. EU 4-1998