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Bulletin of the European Union. 4 1999

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136 Pages
English

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ISSN 0378-3693 European Commission Bulletin of the European Union 4 · 1999 The Bulletin of the European Union reports on the activities of the Commission and the other Community institutions. It is produced by the Secretariat-General of the European Commission and published 10 times a year in the official European languages. The following reference system is used: the first digit indicates the part number, the second digit the chapter number and the subsequent digit or digits the point number. Citations should therefore read as follows: Bull. 1/2-1994, point 1.1.1 or 2.2.3. Supplements to the Bulletin are published in a separate series at irregular intervals. They contain official Commission material (e.g. communications to the Council, programmes, reports and proposals). A great deal of additional information on the European Union is available on the Internet. It can be accessed through the Europa server (http://europa.eu.int). European Commission Secretariat-General Editorial team: rue de la Loi/Wetstraat 200 — B-1049 Brussels —Tel. (32-2) 295 79 30 Sent to press in July 1999 © European Communities, 1999 Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.

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ISSN 0378-3693
European Commission
Bulletin
of the European Union
4 · 1999 The Bulletin of the European Union reports on the activities of the Commission and the other Community
institutions. It is produced by the Secretariat-General of the European Commission and published
10 times a year in the official European languages.
The following reference system is used: the first digit indicates the part number, the second digit the
chapter number and the subsequent digit or digits the point number. Citations should therefore read as
follows: Bull. 1/2-1994, point 1.1.1 or 2.2.3.
Supplements to the Bulletin are published in a separate series at irregular intervals. They contain
official Commission material (e.g. communications to the Council, programmes, reports and
proposals).
A great deal of additional information on the European Union is available on the Internet.
It can be accessed through the Europa server (http://europa.eu.int).
European Commission
Secretariat-General
Editorial team: rue de la Loi/Wetstraat 200 — B-1049 Brussels —Tel. (32-2) 295 79 30
Sent to press in July 1999
© European Communities, 1999
Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.
Printed in Belgium European Commission
Bulletin
of the European Union
4· 1999 Bulletin information service
Readers can obtain information on developments since this issue went to press (date of adop­
tion of instruments by the Council, of opinions given by Parliament or the Economic and
Social Committee, of publication in the Official Journal, etc.) by telephoning the documenta­
tion service of the Commission Offices on the following numbers:
London (44-171)222 8122
Belfast (44-1232)240 708
(44-1222)371 631 Cardiff
(44-131)225 2058 Edinburgh
(353-1)671 2244 Dublin
References in the text s to other parts of the same issue of the Bulletin are given in parentheses in text,
thus (-> point 2.1.53).
Abbreviations
Publications cited in ti is Bulletin
Bull. Bulletin of the European Union
Supplement - Bull. Supplement to the Bulletin of the European Union
General Report General Report on the Activities of the European Union
Currencies
ATS Austrian schilling
BEF Belgian franc
DEM German mark
DKK Danish krone
ESP Spanish peseta
FIM Finnish markka
FRF French franc
GBP Pound sterling
GRD Greek drachma
Irish pound IEP
ITL Italian lira
Luxembourg franc LUF
NLG Dutch guilder
PTE Portuguese escudo
SEK Swedish krona
USD United States dollar Contents
Activities in april 1999 Parti
News in brief 6
Agenda 2000 7
Union citizenship
Human rights
12 The Community economic and social area
12 Economic and monetary policy
12 Employment and social policy
16 Internal market
2(1 Competition
32 Industrial policy
33 Enterprisey
34 Research and technology
35 Education, vocational training and youth
36 Economic and social cohesion
37 Trans-European networks
38 Energy
Transport 39
Information society, telecommunications 43
Environment 45
Agriculture 52
Fisheries 57
Public health 58
Consumer policy and health protection 59
Culture 60
Role of the Union in the world 61
Common foreign and security policy 61
International organisations and conferences 66
Common commercial policy 66
Development policy 70
Humanitarian aid 70
Enlargement 71
Central and eastern Europe 73
Mediterranean and Middle East 76
81 Independent States of the former Soviet Union and Mongolia United States, Japan and other industrialised countries 81
Asia 83
85 Latin America
86 ACP countries and OCTs
8') Diplomatic relations
Justice and home affairs cooperation 90
Financing Community activities 93
Budgets 93
Protection of the Communities' financial interests and fraud 99
7 Statistical system 100
8 Community law 102
Monitoring the application of Community law 102
Decisions by the Court of Justice and the Court of First Instance 101
107 9 Institutional affairs
10 Community institutions 109
Parliament 109
Council I I I
Commission III
Community lawcourts III
Court of Auditors IIS
European Investment Bank 115
Economic and Social Committee 11/
Partii Documentation
120 1 The euro
2 Changes to the legal bases of pending proposals for legislation
following entry into force of the Amsterdam Treaty I.'I
3 Additional references in the Official Journal 12 1
4 Corrigenda 126
5 Index 127 PART ONE
ACTIVITIES
IN APRIL 1999 News in brief
Π Employment: the Commission adopts a communication on Community policies in support of
employment (—» point 1.3.5) and a proposal for a directive concerning fixed-term work (—» point
1.3.4).
D Competition: the Commission adopts a White Paper on modernisation of the rules implemen­
ting Articles 85 and 86 of the EC Treaty (—» point 1.3.36); the Council agrees on two proposals for
regulations dealing with vertical restraints in competition policy (—» point 1.3.37).
D Enterprise policy: agreement is reached on a common position in respect of a proposal for a
directive combating late payment in commercial transactions (—» point 1.3.81).
Π Education and vocational training: the Council adopts decisions establishing the second
phase of the Community action programme in the field of vocational training (Leonardo da Vinci)
(—» point 1.3.88) and the third phase of the trans-European cooperation scheme for higher educa­
tion (Tempus III) (-> point 1.3.89).
D Environment: the Council adopts directives on the landfill of waste (—> point 1.3.130), the
sulphur content of certain liquid fuels (—» point 1.3.126) and limit values for sulphur dioxide, oxi­
des of nitrogen, particulate matter and lead in ambient air (—» point 1.3.142).
D Beef and veal: the Commission adopts a decision suspending imports of fresh meat from the
United States (-> point 1.3.151).
D Public health: Community action programmes on pollution-related diseases and rare diseases
are signed by Parliament and the Council (—» points 1.3.178 and 1.3.179).
Π Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Kosovo: the Council adopts a common position and a re­
gulation concerning a ban on the supply and sale of petroleum and petroleum products to the Fe­
deral Republic of Yugoslavia (—» points 1.4.71 and 1.4.72): the Council also approves a joint ac­
tion providing support for the reception and voluntary repatriation of refugees, displaced persons
and asylum seekers, including those who have fled from Kosovo (—> point 1.5.6); the Commission
adopts a communication on urgent Community assistance to Kosovo's neighbouring regions
(—» point 1.4.66J.
D Libya: the Council adopts a common position and a regulation suspending restrictive econo­
mic measures taken against Libya (—» points 1.4.73 and 1.4.74).
D Central America: the Commission adopts a communication concerning an action plan for the
reconstruction of Central America (—> point 1.4.97).
D Justice and home affairs: the Council reaches agreement on the definition of the 'Schengen
acquis' and the allocation of the legal basis for its incorporation (—» point 1.5.2).
D Budgets: the Commission approves the preliminary draft budget for 2000 (—> point 1.6.1).
D Fraud: then adopts a decision establishing a Fraud Prevention Office (—» point
1.6.3).
D Court of First Instance: the Council adopts a decision enabling the Court of First Instance to
give decisions in cases when constituted by a single judge (—> point 1.10.9).
Hull. EU 4-1999 I — Agenda 2000
taining the general thrust of Structural Fund re­Structural Funds and Cohesion Fund
form and making certain adjustments.
OJC 134, 14.5.1999 /./. Proposal for a Council regulation on the Eu­
ropean Regional Development Fund.
1.2. Proposal for a Council regulation on the Eu­
ropean Social Fund. Commission proposal: OJ C 176, 9.6.1998;
COM(1998) 131; Bull. 3-1998. point 1.4
Commission proposal: OJ C 176, 9.6.1998;
Economic and Social Committee opinion: OJ
C0M(I998) 131; Bull. 3-1998, point 1.5
C 407, 28.12.1998; Bull. 9-1998, point 1.1
Economic and Social Committee opinion: OJ
Committee of the Regions opinion: OJ C 51, C 407, 28.12.1998; Bull. 9-1998, point 1.1
22.2.1999; Bull. 11-1998, point 1.4 Committee of the Regions opinion: OJ C 51.
22.2.1999; Bull. 11-1998, point 1.5
Parliament opinion (first reading): OJ C 379.
Parliament opinion (first reading): OJ C 379.
7.12.1998; Bull. 11-1998, point 1.4
7.12.1998; Bull. 11-1998. point 1.5
Amended Commission proposal: OJ C 52, Amended Commission proposal: OJ C 74,
23.2.1999; COM(1999) 18: Bull. 1/2-1999, 18.3.1999; C0M(I999) 44; Bull. 1/2-1999,
point I.I point 1.2
Common position adopted by the Council on Common position adopted by the Council on
14 April. The common position incorporates fully 14 April. The common position reflects the general
the Commission's proposals for amendment pre­ principles of the draft regulation proposed by the
sented in January 1999, designed to accept in Commission, in keeping with the overall purpose.
whole or in part Parliament's amendments main­ OJC 134, 14.5.1999
Bull. EU 4-1999 1. Union citizenship
the need to draw up a code of good administrative Right of petition and right of access to
behaviour applicable to all the Community insti­the Ombudsman
tutions and accessible to all European citizens.
/././. Parliament resolution on the annual report
of the activities of the European Ombudsman in 1.1.2. Parliament resolution on the deliberations
1998. of the Committee on Petitions during the 1998/99
parliamentary year.
Reference: Annual report of the European Om­
budsman for 1998 (February 1999): available on
Adopted on 15 April. Parliament emphasised that http://www.euro-ombudsman.eu.int
the right of petition increases the scope for demo­
cratic participation and information on the part of Adopted on 15 April. Parliament congratulated
the European Ombudsman on his report and ex­ the Union's citizens. It drew attention to the fact
pressed satisfaction at the cooperation achieved that Parliament is required to ensure that citizens
between the Ombudsman, the Committee on Peti­ who exercise this right be given a direct reply;
tions and Parliament. It agreed that greater use with this in mind. Parliament advocated greater
use of the new information technologies in order should be made of all available means, including
the Internet and other media, to provide European to deal swiftly with petitions received. Parliament
citizens with proper information about their ri­ also expressed its appreciation of the Commis­
ghts. It welcomed the efforts of the Ombudsman sion's cooperation in this field and pointed out
to establish a creative and fruitful relationship that the Committee on Petitions should be given a
greater role to play and be able to operate without with national and regional ombudsmen and simi­
lar institutions. Furthermore, Parliament stressed hindrance.
Bull. EU 4-1999