Market integration and competition in European services
24 Pages
English
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Market integration and competition in European services

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Learn all about the services we offer
24 Pages
English

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16 Jan 2007 – Luis Rubalcaba. Department of Economic Policy at the University of Alcalá and Servilab (Madrid). President of RESER, the European Network ...

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Europe in global, innovation-based competition
Market integration and competition in European services
Luis Rubalcaba
Department of Economic Policy at the University of Alcalá and Servilab (Madrid)
President of RESER, the European Network for Service Research
Based on a research project supported by the Fundación Rafael del Pino
Tuesday 16 January 2007, 9.00 IFRI, 27 rue de la Procession 75015 Paris
16th January 2007
Europe in global, innovation-based competition
Why services are important today? Some highlights
Services are everywhere in everyday life
Services “dominate” the European economies
Services industries are under deregulation, liberalisation and restructuring processes
Globalisation is affecting service industries
Services are in the centre of the policy debate
Luis Rubalcaba
16th January 2007
Europe in global, innovation-based competition
Key questions about services in European markets
What are services? Are they just economic sector number three? Why do they grow so fast?
Why services are important for economic growth? Can services have a similar economic performance to goods?
What are the key challenges for the EU service economy?
What can be the role of service-related competition and market integration in Europe?
Which policies for services? What can policy-makers do?
Luis Rubalcaba
Source: Based on National Accounts data, collected by the OECD (STAN) and the GGDC.
16th January 2007
Luis Rubalcaba
Europe in global, innovation-based competition
1. Analytical framework for services. Sector data Services as an heterogeneous sector
16th January 2007
Europe in global, innovation-based competition
1. Analytical framework for services. Definition.
What is a service?
Negative features  Non-tangible  Non-material  Non-transportable  Non-cumulative  Non-quantifiable  Non-durable / perishable  Non-predictable
Positive features
 Usefulness or benefit of goods  Usefulness or benefit of an action Simultaneous consumption and production Change in a person or good  Dialogue relationship  Interaction between supplier and user  Transitive relationship
Luis Rubalcaba
16th January 2007
Europe in global, innovation-based competition
1. Analytical framework for services: from sectors…to activities
The increasing role of business services
BUSINESS ACTIVITIESMAIN BUSINESS-RELATED SERVICES BUSINESS ACTIVITIESMAIN BUSINESS-RELATED SERVICESBY FUNCTIONS BY FUNCTIONS ationComputer services AdministrationManagement consulting Inform Legal servicesmanagementinacmoumleceTstion Auditing and accounting services Human resourcesTemporary work Selection and supply of personnel Professional training Banking Insurances Leasingandrenting
Financial intermediation
 CommercialisationveAdsitrgni and salesTrade Public relations Fairs and exhibitions After-sales services  Transport andLogistics logisticsTransport services Express mail services
Luis Rubalcaba
16th January 2007
Europe in global, innovation-based competition
1. Analytical framework for services: a “servindustrial” economy
Linkage to the flexible productive systems
Increasing outsourcing and externalisation
Use of ICT
Services adding value to goods
New skills and division of labour creating more specialisation for the service economy
Luis Rubalcaba
2. Services and growth: main services markets in OECD countries Services as the dominant sector in developed economies: 70%
Luis Rubalcaba
16th January 2007
Europe in global, innovation-based competition
Source: OECD, data for 2005.
16th January 2007
Europe in global, innovation-based competition
2. Services and growth: Explanatory factors
Why this impressive growth?
Relatively lower productivity growth
Relatively lower technological capacity
Changes of production systems and outsourcing
Increase of income
Role of public administrations and welfare state
Demographic and cultural changes
Globalisation
Luis Rubalcaba
Europe in global, innovation-based competition
2. Services and growth: Some data.The contribution of the sector to employment growth between 1979 and 2003, EU15. The role of business services and public sector
50%
-10%
Luis Rubalcaba
10%
30%
-50%
16th January 2007
Source: Based on National Accounts data, collected by the OECD (STAN) and the-30% GGDC.
16th January 2007
Europe in global, innovation-based competition
2. Services and growth: concerns; facts and myths
Are services a problem?
They make economies grow at a slower pace
They are less productive
They are less innovative
They are less tradable
They generate more inflation
They are an obstacle for market integration and competition
High growth rates go to manufacturing economies in developing countries
Luis Rubalcaba