Physics
8 Pages
English
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Physics

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8 Pages
English

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[Try the enhanced APS News-online: http://www.aps.org/apsnews]. NOVEMBER 1999 ..... Susan Seestrom*, James Trefil, Virginia Trimble*, Ronald. Walsworth ..... women, and only one-eighth of all doc- torates. ..... Photo from http://www.aps.org/meet/CENT99/vpr/layfb13-01.html .... graduates and post- doctoral researchers.

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ny ZERO GRAVITY...........................................4 contact Raymond Y. Chu or Amanda General Electric Company SDL International ANNOUNCEMENTS ....................................7 Benedict at (301) 209 3070 or Teledyne Sarnoff CorporationDAMOP Award; Congressional and Mass Media Fellowships; Caught in the Web; DPP stats@aip.org. Visit the AIP Stats website Sverdrup Corporation Corning Glass Works Distinguished Lecturers; and more. at www.aip.org/statistics. Phillip Morris, Incorporated WebTV Networks Incorporated THE BACK PAGE.........................................8 SOURCE: AIP Membership Sample Silicon Valley Group Veeco Instruments CorporationMichael May on balancing openness with national security. Survey, 1998 APS News November 1999 To Advance & Diffuse the Knowledge of Physics 100 Years of the American Physical Society Excerpts from an exhibit displayed at the APS Centennial Meeting. Curator: Sara Schechner, Gnomon Research Exhibit Director: Barrett Ripin With contributions by Harry Lustig, R. Mark Wilson, and others. Expansion of Journals Growth in numbers of physicists meant more research to be published. The Physical Review grew rapidly in size, quality, and prestige. Reviews of Modern Physics was introduced to offer authoritative summaries of specialized areas of research. The need to give others early word of fundamental work led to the establishment of Physical Review Letters . Physical Review LettersReviews of Modern Physics To speed up reports of major discoveries Ph, ys.In 1928 John Torrence Tate, managing Rev. introduced a “Letters to the Editor” section editor of the Physical Review, felt the need in 1929. By 1957, the time lag for “Letters to thefor a new type of physics journal—one that Editor” was nearly as long as for regularwould contain definitive, up to date reports articles. To speed up publication, Samuelon branches of physics. He solicited Goudsmit, the journal’s editor, created Physicalcomments from 54 prominent physicists Review Letters. and asked each to consider writing for the PRL Highlightsnew journal. Response was positive, and 1967 Electroweak Interactions S. Weinbergthe first issue of Reviews of Modern Physics appeared in 1929. 1982 Spooky Q.M. Actions at a Distance A. Aspect, et al. 1982 Scanning Tunneling Microscopy G. Binnig, et al. 1987 High T Superconductors C. W. Chu, et al. c 1998 Neutrino Oscillations Y. Fukuda, et al.PR ‘Baby’ Grows From an Inch to Over Thirteen Feet To Advance and Diffuse thePhysical Review, affectionately called ‘the Knowledge of Physics will becreeping green’ published all physics topics on exhibit in its entirety at theuntil it began splitting by subject in 1970. National Institutes of StandardsToday, a year of PR and PRL comprises almost and Technology (NIST)100,000 pages and has multi colored covers. headquarters in Gaithersburg, PR Highlights MD through the end of 1999. 1916 Measurement of h RMillikan. Visitors are welcome. 1923 Compton Scattering A. H.Compton 1927 Diffraction of Electrons C. Davisson & L. H. Germer 1932 Cyclotron E. O. Lawrence & M. S. Livingston 1935 EPR Paradox A.Einstein, B. Podolsky & N. Rosen 1948 Transistor J. Bardeen & W.H. Brattain 1949 Feynman Diagrams R. P. Feynman 1957 BCS Superconductivity J. Bardeen, L. Cooper & J. R. Schrieffer 1958 Laser A. L.Scha wlow & C. H. Townes “Bethe Bible” Rev. Mod. Phys (1936 1937). This series of authoritative papers by Hans Bethe and colleagues long served as a textbook for the new field of nuclear physics. The authors incorporated Bohr’s theory of the compound nucleus and Breit and Wigner’s theory of the shape of nuclear resonance, which appeared during the writing of the articles. Most Heavily Cited RMP Paper 1943 Stochasticity S. Chandrasekhar Next Month: Public Affairs and the War Years Subscriptions: APS News is an on membership publication de Executive Officer national Physics), Dietrich Schroeer (Forum on Physics and livered by Periodical Mail. Members residing abroad may receive Judy R. Franz*, University of Alabama, Huntsville (on leave) Society), Andrew Lovinger (High Polymer), Daniel airfreight delivery for a fee of $20. Nonmembers: Subscription Treasurer Grischkowsky (Laser Science), Howard Birnbaum (Materi APS News rates are: domestic $160; Canada, Mexico, Central and South als), John Schiffer, John D. Walecka (Nuclear), Robert Cohn,Thomas McIlrath*, University of Maryland (emeritus) America, and Caribbean $180; Air Freight Europe, Asia, Africa andEditor in Chief Sally Dawson (Particles and Fields) , Robert Siemann (Phys Coden: ANWSEN ISSN: 1058 8132 Oceania $210. Martin Blume*, Brookhaven National Laboratory ics of Beams), Richard Hazeltine, William Kruer (Plasma) Series II, Vol. 8, No. 10 November 1999 Past President *Members of APS Executive Board © 1999 The American Physical Society Subscription orders, renewals and address changes should Andrew M. Sessler*, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory be addressed as follows: For APS Members —Membership De ADVISORS Editor................................ Barrett H. Ripin partment, The American Physical Society, One Physics Ellipse, General Councillors Sectional Representatives Associate Editor.......... Jennifer Ouellette College Park, MD 20740 3844, membership@aps.org. For Non Daniel Auerbach, Beverly Berger, Philip Bucksbaum, L. Craig George Rawitscher, New England; William Standish, New members—Circulation and Fulfillment Division, American Insti Davis, S. James Gates*, Donald Hamann*, Leon Lederman, York; Perry P. Yaney, Ohio; Joseph Hamilton, Southeastern;Design and Production........Alicia Chang tute of Physics, 500 Sunnyside Blvd., Woodbury, NY 11797. AllowCynthia McIntyre, Roberto Peccei, Paul Peercy*, Helen Quinn, Stephen Baker, Texas Copy Editing..............Danita Boonchaisri at least 6 weeks advance notice. For address changes, please sendSusan Seestrom*, James Trefil, Virginia Trimble*, Ronald both the old and new addresses, and, if possible, include a mailing Walsworth, Sau Lan Wu Representatives from Other Societies label from a recent issue. Requests from subscribers for missing Thomas O’Kuma, AAPT; Marc Brodsky, AIPAPS News (ISSN: 1058 8132) is published 11X yearly, issues will be honored without charge only if received within 6 Chair, Nominating Committeemonthly, except the August/September issue, by the Ameri months of the issue’s actual date of publication. Daniel Kleppner International Adviorscan Physical Society, One Physics Ellipse, College Park, Gareth Roberts, Insitute of Physics , A.M. Bradshaw,MD 20740 3844, (301) 209 3200. It contains news of the Periodical Postage Paid at College Park, MD and at additional Chair, Panel on Public Affairs German Physical Society, Pedro Hernandez Tejeda,Society and of its Divisions, Topical Groups, Sections and mailing offices. Postmaster: Send address changes to APS News, Denis McWhan Mexican Physical Society, Michael Steinitz, CanadianForums; advance information on meetings of the Society; Membership Department, The American Physical Society, One Physical Societyand reports to the Society by its committees and task Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740 3844. Division and Forum Councillorsforces, as well as opinions. Staff RepresentativesSteven Holt (Astrophysics), Eric Heller*, Harold Metcalf Letters to the editor are welcomed from the membership. APS COUNCIL 1999 (Atomic, Molecular and Optical) , Robert Callender (Biologi Barrett Ripin, Associate Executive Officer; Irving Lerch, Di Letters must be signed and should include an address and President cal), Stephen Leone (Chemical), E. Dan Dahlberg, David rector of International Affairs; Ramon Lopez, Director of daytime telephone number. The APS reserves the right to Jerome Friedman*, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Aspnes*, Arthur Hebard, Zachary Fisk* (Condensed Matter), Education and Outreach; Robert L. Park, Director, Public select and to edit for length or clarity. All correspondence President Elect Warren Pickett (Computational), Jerry Gollub (Fluid Dy Information; Michael Lubell, Director, Public Affairs ; Stanley regarding APS News should be directed to: Editor, APS News, James S. Langer*, University of California, Santa Barbara Brown, Administrative Editor; Charles Muller, Director,namics), James Wynne (Forum on Education) , Gloria Lubkin One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20749 3844, E mail: Vice President (Forum on History of Physics) , Matt Richter (Forum