Bulletin of the European Union

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1/2, 2001
Activities of the institutions and bodies
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ISSN 0378-3693
EUROPEAN COMMISSION
L L Ε Τ I
OF THE EUROPEAN UNION
1/2 · 2001 The Bulletin of the European Union reports on the activities of the Commission and the other Community
institutions. It is produced by the Secretariat-General of the European Commission and published
10 times a year in the official European languages.
The following reference system is used: the first digit indicates the part number, the second digit the
chapter number and the subsequent digit or digits the point number. Citations should therefore read as
follows: Bull. 1/2-1994, point 1.1.1 or 2.2.3.
A great deal of additional information on the European Union is available on the Internet.
It can be accessed through the Europa server (http://europa.eu.int).
European Commission
Secretariat-General
Editorial team: rue de la Loi/Wetstraat 200 — B-1049 Brussels —Tel. (32-2) 29-57930
Sent to press in May 2001
© European Communities, 2001
Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.
Printed in Belgium EUROPEAN COMMISSION
Β U L L Ε Τ I
OF THE EUROPEAN UNION
1/2 · 2001 Bulletin information service
Readers can obtain information on developments since this issue went to press (date of adop­
tion of instruments by the Council, of opinions given by Parliament or the Economic and
Social Committee, of publication in the Official Journal, etc.) by telephoning the documenta­
tion service of the Commission Offices on the following numbers:
London (44-20)72 22 81 22
Belfast (44-28) 90 24 07 08
Cardiff (44-29)20 37 16 31
Edinburgh (44-131)225 20 58
(353-1)671 22 44 Dublin
References in the text s to other parts of the same issue of the Bulletin are given in parentheses in text,
thus (-> point 2.1.53).
Abbreviations
Publications cited in this Bulletin
Bull. Bulletin of the European Union
Supplement — Bull. Supplement to the Bulletin of the European Union
General Report General Report on the Activities of the European Union
Currencies
ATS Austrian schilling
BEF Belgian franc
DEM German mark
DKK Danish krone
ESP Spanish peseta
FIM Finnish markka
FRF French franc
GBP Pound sterling
GRD Greek drachma
IEP Irish pound
ITL Italian lira
LUF Luxembourg franc
NLG Dutch guilder
PTE Portuguese escudo
SEK Swedish krona
USD United States dollar PART ONE
ACTIVITIES
IN JANUARY/
FEBRUARY 2001 News in brief
D Treaty of Nice: the Treaty is signed on 26 February (—» point 1.1.1).
D Institutional affairs: the Commission adopts a proposal for a Council regulation on the stat­
ute and financing of European political parties (—» point 1.1.2).
Π Preparations for the Stockholm European Council: the Commission adopts a communica­
tion entitled 'Realising the European Union's potential: consolidating and extending the Lisbon
strategy' (—> point 1.3.35).
Ü Financial services: the Commission adopts a communication on e­commerce and financial
services (—» point 1.3.69) and an action plan to prevent fraud and counterfeiting of non­cash means
of payment (—> point 1.3.70).
D Research: the Commission adopts its proposal for a European Parliament and Council deci­
sion concerning the sixth framework programme (—> point 1.3.124).
D Economic and social cohesion: the Commission adopts its second report on economic and
social cohesion (—> point 1.3.131).
D Environment: the Commission adopts a proposal for a European Parliament and Council de­
cision laying down the sixth Community environment action programme for the period 2001­10
(—» point 1.4.28), a Green Paper on integrated product policy in the European Union
(—» point 1.4.31) and a White Paper on a strategy fora future chemicals policy (­> point 1.4.41).
D Genetically modified organisms (GMOs): Parliament and the Council approve a proposal
for amending Directive 90/220/EEC on the deliberate release of GMOs into the environment
(­»point 1.4.42).
D Sea transport: the Commission adopts a proposal for a directive on market access to port
services (—» point 1.4.64).
D Rail transport: Parliament and the Council adopt directives on the development of the Com­
munity's railways, on the licensing of railway undertakings, and on the allocation of railway in­
frastructure capacity and the levying of charges (—» point 1.4.57).
D Turkey: the Council adopts a regulation on assistance to Turkey in the framework of the
pre­accession strategy, with particular reference to the establishment of an accession partnership
(—> point 1.5.3), and Parliament and the Council adopt a regulation regarding the implementation
of measures to promote economic and social development in Turkey (—> point 1.5.9).
D Commercial policy: the Commission adopts a communication concerning a strategy for the
Customs Union (—» point 1.6.52).
D Commission: the Commission adopts its work programme for 2001 (—»points 1.9.15 and
2.3.1) and outlines the annual policy strategy for 2002 (—» point 1.9.16).
Bull. EU 1­2/2001 Contents
Activities in January/February 2001 Part One
News in brief
Institutional affairs and the future of the Union
8 Human rights
The Community economic and social area 12
Economic and monetary policy 12
Statistical system 20
Employment and social policy 22
26 Equal opportunities
27 Internal market
34 Competition
44 Enterprise
45 Research and technology
46 Information society
47 Economic and social cohesion
54 Trans-European networks
59 Fisheries
64 Citizenship and quality of life
64 Area of freedom, security and justice
66 Education and culture
70 Environment
79 Energy
80 Transport
86 Health and consumer protection
Enlargement 91
Role of the Union in the World 95
Common foreign and security policy 95
International organisations and conferences 107
Common commercial policy 107
Development cooperation 114
115 Humanitarian aid
116 Relations with the western Balkans
117 s with the southern Mediterranean and the Middle East
120 Independent States of the former Soviet Union; Mongolia United States, Japan and other industrialised countries 122
Asia 122
Latin America 126
ACP countries and OCTs 126
Diplomatic relations 133
Financing Community activities, resource management 134
134 Budgets
136 Financial operations
Protection of the Communities' financial interests
136 and the fight against fraud
137 Community law
Monitoring the application of Community law 137
144 Decisions by the Court of Justice and the Court of First Instance
148 Community institutions
148 European Parliament
Council 151
156 Commission
158 Court of Auditors
159 European Investment Bank
161 Economic and Social Committee
Committee of the Regions 162
163 ECSC Consultative
Part Two Documentation
1 The euro 166
2 Address by Romano Prodi, President of the European Commission,
'The state of the Union in 2001 '7
3 The Commission's work programme for 2001 172
4 Additional references in the Official Journal8
5 Corrigenda 181
Index2 1. Institutional affairs and the future
of the Union
Reference: Parliament part-session held in Stras­Treaty of Nice
bourg from 13 to 17 June: Bull. 6-2000, point 1.10.1
1.1.1. Signing of the Treaty of Nice.
Approved by the Commission on 24 January.
Approval of the draft Treaty by the European
Formally adopted by the Commission on 13 Feb­Council, meeting at the Intergovernmental Con­
ruary. This proposal follows on from an under­ference: Bull. 12-2000, point 1.1.3
taking given by the Commission to Parliament on
Signed in Nice on 26 February. The Treaty of 14 June 2000, in response to oral questions, to
Nice was signed by the Plenipotentiaries of the take two parallel initiatives: on the one hand, to
EU Member States during an official ceremony submit to the Intergovernmental Conference a
where the speakers included Mr Chirac, President proposal for revising Article 191 of the EC Treaty
of the French Republic, Mr Jospin, Prime Minis­ in order to create a sound, permanent legal basis
ter of France, Mr Persson, Prime Minister of Swe­ for all legislation relating to European political
den and President of the European Council, parties, and, on the other hand, pending this new
Mrs Fontaine, President of then Parlia­ legislation, to propose a provisional legislative
ment, and Mr Prodi, President of the Commis­ text based on Article 308 of the EC Treaty.
sion.
The provisional regulation proposed by the Com­
Detailed information on the Treaty of Nice mission, covering a two-year period, was drawn
can be found on the Internet (http://eu- up after in-depth consultation of the parties and
ropa.eu.int/comm/nice_treaty/index_en.htm). groups represented in the European Parliament. It
OJC80, 10.3.2001 aims to lay down the fundamental criteria and
procedures necessary for recognising European
political parties, with a view to ensuring that they
are representative at European level and are dem­European political parties
ocratically run, to determine the eligibility criteria
1.1.2. Proposal for a Council regulation on the for financing from the Community budget, and to
provide the necessary control and transparency. statute and financing of European political par­
ties. COM(2000) 898
Bull. EU 1-2/2001 2. Human rights
rights conventions, and to sign and ratify the Actions outside the European Union
Treaty establishing the International Criminal
Court. Parliament welcomed the entry into force
of ILO Convention 182 on child labour, and asked
General
the Council to urge all States to ratify this Con­
vention as soon as possible. It called on the Union 1.2.1. Parliament resolution on the ratification of
to renew its pressure on the United Nations to ob­the Rome Treaty to establish the Permanent Inter­
tain a declaration by the General Assembly in fa­national Criminal Court (ICC).
vour of a universal moratorium and the abolition
Adopted on 18 January. Parliament urged the EU of the death penalty, and to support the UN High
Member States and the candidate countries that Commissioner on Human Rights and other inter­
national organisations and NGOs in the fight had not yet ratified the Rome Treaty to do so as
against repression of the independent media jour­soon as possible, without opting out of the provi­
nalists and writers. Moreover, Parliament called sions on war crimes, pursuant to Article 124 of
the Treaty. It welcomed the signing of the Treaty on the UN Commission on Human Rights not to
by the Yugoslav Federation on 19 December vote in favour of a no-action motion on China, to
condemn the Taliban regime in Afghanistan, to 2000 and by the President of the United States on
seek the unconditional release of all political pris­31 December 2000, and called on both parlia­
oners in Burma (Myanmar), and to express con­ments to ratify the Treaty. It urged all other States
to ratify the Treaty as soon as possible in order to cern about the human rights situation in Saudi
reach the minimum level of 60 ratifications before Arabia, Indonesia, Sudan, the Democratic Repub­
lic of Congo, Sierra Leone and Colombia, and the the end of 2001 so that the Court could begin to
Russian military campaign in Chechnya. function. Finally, Parliament noted with satisfac­
tion the financial contribution of the Union and
Member States to the trust fund established by the
United Nations to help the least-developed coun­
Algeria tries participate in ongoing negotiations relating
to the ICC and to foster international non-govern­
1.2.3. Parliament resolution on the situation in mental organisation campaigns in support of the
Algeria. prompt and effective entry into force of the Rome
ICC Statute, and invited the European Union and
Adopted on 18 January. Parliament called on the the Member States to intensify this effort.
Algerian authorities to spare no effort in carrying
out the necessary investigations and bringing to 7.2.2. Parliament resolution on EU human rights
justice those responsible for the killings, massa­priorities and recommendations for the upcoming
cres and disappearances to which civilians regu­session of the UN Human Rights Commission in
larly fall victim in Algeria. It also called on the Geneva.
Algerian Government to step up dialogue with all
political, democratic and civil society movements Adopted on 18 January. Regretting the growing
that reject the use of violence, so as to permit res­gap between the legal situation and daily practice
toration of the rule of law and respect for human in some countries as regards respect for human
rights. Parliament hoped that any Algerian politi­rights, Parliament stressed the need for imple­
cal and religious leaders who may have some mentation of international conventions, and for
power or influence over the people behind the effective inspection and control mechanisms. It
massacres would do their utmost to end the vio­called on all governments to ratify without reser­
lence in Algeria. vation and implement the international human
Bull. EU 1-2/2001