The specialisation of EU countries in manufacturing  and services
7 Pages
English
Downloading requires you to have access to the YouScribe library
Learn all about the services we offer

The specialisation of EU countries in manufacturing and services

-

Downloading requires you to have access to the YouScribe library
Learn all about the services we offer
7 Pages
English

Description

Introduction: The specialisation of EU countries in manufacturing and services. Frédérique Sachwald. Europe in global, innovation-based competition ...

Subjects

Informations

Published by
Reads 13
Language English

Exrait

Europe in global, innovationbased competition Ifri, 16 janvier 2007
Introduction:
Thespecialisation of EUcountries in manufacturingand services
Frédérique Sachwald
Adaptation tothenew phaseof globalisation
Increasing role of emerging countries in the world economy Innovationbased global competition
Firms’ strategies: differentiation, innovation Relocation of production and adaptation of production and innovation systems.
13 % 12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Chinaisspecialisedin lowtechproducts
Mining
Mid High Tech
Agriculture
ICT
High Tech
Mid Low Tech
1 12 8 4 0 4 8 12 Contribution to the trade balance Source:2007Miotti, Sachwald
Low Tech
16
20
24 %100(Xi+Mi)CTBi=(XiMi)(XM)   (X+M)/2(X+M)
TheEU15is specialisedmidhightechproducts
2.0 %
1.5
1.0
0.5
0.0
0.5
1.0 Mining
1.5
Agriculture
Low Tech
2.0 8 6 4 Source:Miotti, Sachwald 2007
ICT
High Tech
Mid Low Tech
2 0 2 4 Contribution to the trade balance
6
Mid High Tech
8
100(Xi+Mi)10 CTBi=(XiMi)(XM)   (X+M)/2(X+M)%
1.0 %
0.5
0.0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
Mining
The US isspecialised hightechproducts
Low Tech
Mid Low Tech
ICT
Agriculture
Mid High Tech
4.0 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 2 4 6 Contribution to the trade balance Source:Miotti, Sachwald 2007
8
High Tech
10
12 14 % 100(Xi+Mi)CTBi=(XiMi)(XM)   (X+M) / 2(X+M)
16 %
12
8
4
0
4
8
12
16
20 16
Who isspecialised in services ?
Spain
United Kingdom
Service economies
Canada
12
8
United States
Switzerland Hong Kong France
Netherlands
4
Source:2007Miotti, Sachwald
0
Austria
India
Belgium
Sweden
Singapore
Italy
China
Germany
Ireland
4 8 12 16 20 Comparative advantage in manufacturing
24
Korea
Japan
Economies specialised in manufacturing
28
32
36
40 %
Thankyou foryourattention
Reference National production systems in the new globalisation phase: A transatlantic comparison L.Miotti, F. Sachwald
Ifri, published on line in January 2007 (www.ifri.org)