The Swedish System
37 Pages
English
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The Swedish System

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Learn all about the services we offer
37 Pages
English

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IKED | International Organisation for Knowledge Economy and Enterprise Development. FRÅN FORSKNING TILL NYA AFFÄRER OCH FÖRETAG ...

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The Swedish System
Thomas Andersson,President, IKED
Conference:Reforming the French Innovation System. Insights from Foreign Experiences, Institut Français des Relations Internationales (IFRI), Paris, 4 October 2004.
 IKED| International Organisation for Knowledge Economy and Enterprise Development
IKED
Entirely independent, integrity, strive for relevance Unique focus on the knowledge-based economy, growth and well-being Policy reviews and recommendations addressing globalisation and regional integration Nordic platform: Leading in KBE but confronted with challenges Both the most advanced and transition economies – engagement when serious about reform Co-operation with key stakeholders
 IKED| International Organisation for Knowledge Economy and Enterprise Development Share of total population employed in manufacturing 1970-2001
15Per cent
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
Source: OECD labour force statistics (1992), STAN & MSTI 2003
Germany Japan Korea Italy Finland Denmark Sweden Canada Spain USA Norway Belgium France
 IKED| International Organisation for Knowledge Economy and Enterprise Development
Per cent 45
40
35
30
25
20
15
Share of total population employed in services 1970-2001
Source: OECD labour force statistics (1992), STAN & MSTI 2003
USA
Norway
UK
Denmark
Canada
Sweden
Japan
Austria
France
Belgium
Korea
Italy
Spain
 IKED| International Organisation for Knowledge Economy and Enterprise Development
R&D expenditure in relation to GDP 1981-2001
Per cent of GDP
Source: OECD MSTI, 2004
  
 IKED| International Organisation for Knowledge Economy and Enterprise Development
R&D expenditure in relation to GDP 2001
Source: OECD MSTI, 2004
 IKED| International Organisation for Knowledge Economy and Enterprise Development Governmental R&D financing in relation to GDP 2002
Percent of GDP 1.2
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0 Finland USA France Sw eden Germany Denmark Norw ay (2000) (2001) Source: OECD MSTI, 2003
UK
Non-orientated Def ence General University Funds Space Health & Environment Economic Progress
Portugal Italy Austria Japan Australia Belgium (2001) (2001) (2000) (2001) (2000)
 IKED| International Organisation for Knowledge Economy and Enterprise Development R&D expenditure in the higher education sector 1981–2001 in relation to GDP No. 1981 1991 2001 1 Sweden 0,83 Sweden 0,74Sweden 0,65 2 Japan 0,55 Israel 0,67 Israel 0,82 3 Switzerland 0,43 Switzerland (1992) 0,66 Finland 0,61 4 Netherlands 0,42 Netherlands 0,58 Switzerland 0,60 5 Germany 0,41 Japan 0,51 Canada 0,59 6 Norway 0,34 Canada 0,49 Iceland 0,58 7 Canada 0,33 Finland 0,45 Netherlands (2000) 0,57 8 France 0,32 Norway 0,44 Belgium (1999) 0,47 9 UK 0,32 Belgium 0,43 Denmark (2000) 0,45 10 OECD 0,31 Germany 0,41 Japan 0,45 11 USA 0,31 Australia (1992) 0,40 Norway 0,42 12 EU 0,30 USA 0,39 Australia (2000) 0,41 13 Denmark 0,28 Denmark 0,37 France 0,41 14 Australia 0,27 EU 0,36 UK 0,41 15 Finland 0,26 France 0,36 EU (2000) 0,40 16 Iceland 0,17 OECD 0,36 Germany 0,40 17 Italy 0,16 Iceland 0,35 OECD 0,40 18 New Zealand 0,16 UK 0,34 USA 0,40 19 Ireland 0,11 New Zealand 0,28 New Zealand (2000) 0,35 20 Spain 0,09 Italy 0,26 Italy (2000) 0,33 21 Belgium Ireland 0,22 Korea 0,31 22 Israel Spain 0,19 Spain 0,30 23 Korea Korea Ireland (2000) 0,23 Source: OECD MSTI, 2003
 IKED| International Organisation for Knowledge Economy and Enterprise Development
Institute R&D in relation to total R&D expenditure 2001
Percent of total R&D 25
20
15
10
5
0 Norw ay Netherlands France Source: INNO & Technopolis "Benchmarking Technology R&D" 2004
Germany
Denmark
Finland
UK
Sw eden
 IKED| International Organisation for Knowledge Economy and Enterprise Development
Engineering R&D in universities and institutes, 2001
Man years per 1000 population 1.4
1.2
1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0.0 Finland Norw ay Netherlands Source: INNO & Technopolis "Benchmarking Technology R&D" 2004
Engineering R&D man years in universities Engineering R&D man years in institutes
Sw eden
Germany
Denmark
  
 IKED| International Organisation for Knowledge Economy and Enterprise Development Important public-private partnerships in important Swedish development blocks
Source: G.Marklund, 2003