308 Pages
English

Schemes with an impact on the labour market and their statistical treatment in the Member States of the European Community

-

Gain access to the library to view online
Learn more

Description

eurostat , 'llkîlGXD -:;Γ Population and social conditions Studies and analys« m eurostat OFICINA ESTADÍSTICA DE LAS COMUNIDADES EUROPEAS DE EUROPÆISKE FÆLLESSKABERS STATISTISKE KONTOR STATISTISCHES AMT DER EUROPÄISCHEN GEMEINSCHAFTEN ΣΤΑΤΙΣΤΙΚΗ ΥΠΗΡΕΣΙΑ ΤΩΝ ΕΥΡΩΠΑΪΚΩΝ ΚΟΙΝΟΤΗΤΩΝ STATISTICAL OFFICE OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES OFFICE STATISTIQUE DES COMMUNAUTÉS EUROPÉENNES ISTITUTO STATISTICO DELLE COMUNITÀ EUROPEE BUREAU VOOR DE STATISTIEK DER EUROPESE GEMEENSCHAPPEN SERVIÇO DE ESTATÍSTICA DAS COMUNIDADES EUROPEIAS L­2920 Luxembourg ­ Tél. 43011 ­ Télex : Comeur Lu 3423 B­1049 Bruxelles, bâtiment Berlaymont, rue de la Loi 200 (bureau de liaison) ­ Tél. 2351111 Las publicaciones de Eurostat están clasificadas por temas y por series. La clasificación se encuentra al final de la obra. Para mayor información sobre las publicaciones, rogamos se pongan en contacto con Eurostat. Para los pedidos, diríjanse a las oficinas de venta cuyas direcciones figuran en la página interior de la contracubierta. Eurostats publikationer er klassificeret efter emne og serie. En oversigt herover findes bag i hæftet. Yderligere oplysninger om publikationerne kan fås ved henvendelse til Eurostat. Bestilling kan afgives til de salgssteder, der er anført på omslagets side 3. Die Veröffentlichungen von Eurostat sind nach Themenkreisen und Reihen gegliedert. Die Gliederung ¡st hinten in jedem Band aufgeführt. Genauere Auskünfte über die Veröffentlichungen erteilt Eurostat.

Informations

Published by
Reads 10
Language English
Document size 5 MB

eurostat
, 'llkîlGXD
-:;Γ
Population and social conditions
Studies and analys« m eurostat
OFICINA ESTADÍSTICA DE LAS COMUNIDADES EUROPEAS
DE EUROPÆISKE FÆLLESSKABERS STATISTISKE KONTOR
STATISTISCHES AMT DER EUROPÄISCHEN GEMEINSCHAFTEN
ΣΤΑΤΙΣΤΙΚΗ ΥΠΗΡΕΣΙΑ ΤΩΝ ΕΥΡΩΠΑΪΚΩΝ ΚΟΙΝΟΤΗΤΩΝ
STATISTICAL OFFICE OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES
OFFICE STATISTIQUE DES COMMUNAUTÉS EUROPÉENNES
ISTITUTO STATISTICO DELLE COMUNITÀ EUROPEE
BUREAU VOOR DE STATISTIEK DER EUROPESE GEMEENSCHAPPEN
SERVIÇO DE ESTATÍSTICA DAS COMUNIDADES EUROPEIAS
L­2920 Luxembourg ­ Tél. 43011 ­ Télex : Comeur Lu 3423
B­1049 Bruxelles, bâtiment Berlaymont, rue de la Loi 200 (bureau de liaison) ­ Tél. 2351111
Las publicaciones de Eurostat están clasificadas por temas y por series. La clasificación se encuentra al
final de la obra. Para mayor información sobre las publicaciones, rogamos se pongan en contacto con
Eurostat.
Para los pedidos, diríjanse a las oficinas de venta cuyas direcciones figuran en la página interior de la
contracubierta.
Eurostats publikationer er klassificeret efter emne og serie. En oversigt herover findes bag i hæftet.
Yderligere oplysninger om publikationerne kan fås ved henvendelse til Eurostat.
Bestilling kan afgives til de salgssteder, der er anført på omslagets side 3.
Die Veröffentlichungen von Eurostat sind nach Themenkreisen und Reihen gegliedert. Die Gliederung ¡st
hinten in jedem Band aufgeführt. Genauere Auskünfte über die Veröffentlichungen erteilt Eurostat.
Ihre Bestellungen richten Sie bitte an die Verkaufsbüros, deren Anschriften jeweils auf der dritten
Umschlagseite der Veröffentlichungen zu finden sind.
Οι εκδόσεις της Eurostat ταξινομούνται κατά θέμα και κατά σειρά. Η ακριβής ταξινόμηση αναφέρεται στο
τέλος κάθε έκδοσης. Για λεπτομερέστερες πληροφορίες σχετικά με τις εκδόσεις, μπορείτε να απευθύνεσθε
στην Eurostat.
Για τις παραγγελίες μπορείτε να απευθύνεσθε στα γραφεία πώλησης, των οποίων οι διευθύνσεις αναγράφονται
στη σελίδα 3 του εξωφύλλου.
Eurostat's publications are classified according to themes and series. This classification is indicated at the
end of the. For more detailed information on publications, contact Eurostat.
Orders are obtainable from the sales offices mentioned on the inside back cover.
Les publications de l'Eurostat sont classées par thème et par série. Cette classification est précisée à la fin
de l'ouvrage. Pour des informations plus détaillées sur les publications, contactez l'Eurostat.
Pour les commandes, adressez-vous aux bureaux de vente dont les adresses sont indiquées à la page 3
de la couverture.
Le pubblicazioni dell'Eurostat sono classificate per tema e per serie. Tale classificazione è precisata alla
fine dell'opera. Per informazioni più dettagliate sulle pubblicazioni rivolgersi all'Eurostat.
Per eventuali ordinazioni rivolgersi a uno degli uffici di vendita i cui indirizzi figurano nella 3a pagina
della copertina.
De publikaties van Eurostat zijn ingedeeld naar onderwerp en serie. Deze indeling is achter in het boek
opgenomen. Voor nadere informatie over de publikaties kunt u zich wenden tot Eurostat.
Gelieve bestellingen op te geven bij de verkoopbureaus, waarvan de adressen op bladzijde 3 van de
omslag zijn vermeld.
As publicações do Eurostat estão classificadas por tema e por série. Esta classificação está indicada
no fim da obra. Para mais informações sobre as publicações é favor contactar Eurostat.
Encomendas: serviços de venda cujos endereços estão indicados na contracapa. SCHEMES WITH AN IMPACT
AM^ ™™ ?N THE LABOUR MARKET
AND THEIR STATISTICAL TREATMENT
IN THE MEMBER STATES
OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY This publication is also available in:
FR ISBN 92-825-7497-0
Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication
Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1987
ISBN 92-825-7496-2
Catalogue number: CA-48-87-056-EN-C
© ECSC-EEC-EAEC, Brussels · Luxembourg, 1987
Reproduction is authorized, except for commercial purposes, provided the source is
acknowledged.
Printed in Belgium Foreword
At its meeting of 13 June 1985, the Council of Employment and
Social Affairs Ministers requested the Commission of the
European Communities to determine the extent to which statistics
of the registered unemployed are affected by programmes to
combat unemployment and to establish, if possible, whether the
validity and comparability of data can be improved in the light
of these programmes (Document 7574/85 (SOC 204) of the Council
of Ministers).
The Statistical Office of the European Communities has therefore
commissioned experts for each Member State to draw up a list of
the most important measures existing in their country, to
describe the main features of these measures and to indicate how
the persons involved are treated in the main statistics of
employment and unemployment.
The guidelines for the work have been established on the basis
of the international recommendations for labour statistics and
in close collaboration with the secretariat of the International
Labour Office which initiated similar studies for Sweden,
Finland, the United States of America and Australia.
Dr. Heinz Werner from the Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und
Berufsforschung der Bundesanstalt für Arbeit (Labour Market and
Occupational Research Institute of the Federal Employment
Service) was given the task of coordinating the work and drawing
up this summary report.
The studies on which this report is based were financed by
EUROSTAT. The results presented are however the responsibility
of the experts concerned and do not commit either EUROSTAT or
the Statistical Services of member countries.
Luxembourg, July 1987 The authors of the country reports are listed below:
Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung Deutschland:
der Bundesanstalt für Arbeit (Nürnberg)
Report established by Dr. Heinz WERNER
France: M. Gerard MAGNIER
Ministère des Affaires Sociales et de l'Emploi
Italia: CERES - Centro di ricerche economiche e
sociali (Roma)
Report established by Dott. Luigi FREY
Nederland: European Center for Work and Society
(Maastricht)
Report established by Mem Yvonne BEMELMANS
M. Alfons VERLINDEN Belgique:
Ministère de l'Emploi et du Travail
Luxembourg : Centre d'étude de population, de pauvreté et
de politique socio-économique (Walferdange)
Report established by Mme Annie LOVAZ-BOUDER
Mr. B. WAINEWRIGHT (Hatch End/England) United Kingdom:
Mr. Desmond NORTON Ireland:
(Department of Political Economy, University
College, Dublin)
Danmarks Statistik Danmark:
Report established by Mr. Bjarne Nave SIMONSEN
Ministry of National Economy Greece:
Reportd by Mrs. Despina LOGIADOU-
DIDIKA
Espana: M. Luis FINA-SANGLAS
Universität Autonoma De Barcelona
Portugal Mme Maria dos Anjos ALMEIDA
Ministerio do Trabalho e Segurança Social Contents
Page
Foreword 1
ι
Introduction 4
Overview of schemes with an impact on the labour
market and their statistical treatment 9
Description of schemes for each Member State:
Belgium 48
Denmark 90
FR of Germany 10
Greece 127
Spain 14
France 174
Ireland 196
Italy 220
Luxembourg 23
Netherlands 252
Portugal 274
United Kingdom 29Introduction
Comparison of the registered unemployed in different Member
States is complicated not only by the different definitions of
the population groups covered, thet legal provisions
governing benefits and the mode of record keeping 1), but also
by the type and scope of employment measures in individual
countries. All Community Member States apply employment meas­
ures to a greater or lesser extent. This has been one of the
factors leading to the emergence of population groups whose oc­
cupational status is no longer sufficiently clear to allow a
simple breakdown into the three categories that have long been
used, namely unemployed, employed, and not economically active
persons. It is therefore necessary to provide a clearer picture
of a given labour market by describing all these measures. Pro­
grammes for the unemployed are of greatest importance, as are
measures concerning the employed and those not economically
active, provided that such measures reduce unemployment.
For the statistical classification of persons participating in
these programmes difficulties arose in the case of situations
which do not fit into any particular category and which lie
between normal employment and unemployment, e.g. participation
in certain government-financed employment measures. The
International Labour Office recommendations on employment
statistics 2) include only a three-category division into
employed, unemployed and not economically active persons, which
priority being given to employed persons. The employed include
all persons who during the reference period of one week or one
day performed work for a wage or salary or for the purpose of
making a profit (the self-employed). The work needs only to
last one hour, with the advent of different types of
employment, e.g. the various forms of part-time employment and
extensive government employment schemes, the priority given to
the employed in statistics no longer accurately reflects the
situation on the labour market. The Statistical Office of the European Communities, therefore
asked to conduct a study for each Member State which would show
what employment programmes were being undertaken and how the
persons in thoses were treated for statistical
purposes. It seemed particularly important to know whether and
the manner in which those persons were included in national
employment statistics, annual estimates of the working
population and in labour force surveys. This information might
provide clues as to the need for and extent of modifications to
the international recommendations.
In order to achieve a certain degree of comparability for the
studies by Member States the following standard classification
of employment measures was provided.
A. Measures and actions directed to persons without employment
and seeking employment
I. Better Qualification
II. Improvement of integration into the labour market by help
to employers or employees
III. Help to seif-employment (starting a business)
IV. Temporary occupation schemes (job creation schemes) for
community benefit
V. Exclusion from the labour market (of older workers e.g.)
VI.n of foreign workers from national labour market
B. Measures and actions directed to persons in employment
I. Better qualification (only measures with legal background)
II. Reduction of normal working time
III.n of lifeg time
IV. Exclusion of foreign workers from national labour market
C. Measures and actions directed to economically inactive
persons (prolongation of schooling time, measures reducing
participation to active life, e.g. measures for women caring
for children etc.) This breakdown of measures to promote employment creates the
link with the conventional labour statistics classification,
i.e. employed, unemployed, and economically non-active persons.
However, overlapping sometimes poses problems because the sche­
mes need not necessarily relate to just one of these three
groups of persons, but may for example be directed both to un­
employed persons and to employed or non-active persons, this
often happens in the case of measures to provide qualifica­
tions. In these cases, whenever possible, the measure was clas­
sified by major target group, or the measure was mentioned
again in connection with the secondary target group, or some
other information was given. A further problem is that certain
schemes may comprise two or even more categories of measures.
For example, job creation schemes for unemployed persons may be
linked with qualification measures, such as training courses.
Here too the scheme was classified on the basis of the major
category and the fact noted in the description of the measure.
In order to ensure a certain degree of comparability and to
render the measures more "manageable", each measure is pre­
sented in a uniform manner: first the name of the measure, in­
cluding the original name in the language of the relevant Mem­
ber State. This makes the picture clearer and facilitates com­
parison with other national or international publications on
this theme. The "target group" indicates the group of persons
addressed by the programme in question. Moreover, it was
generally felt necessary to provide some other details so as to
clarify the purpose, content or manner of implementation of the
measure. Thus, particular emphasis was attached to identifying
the incentives to participate, such as financial subsidies,
improved professional qualifications, better chances of finding
a job, etc.