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Scientific cooperation of the European Union with the People's Republic of China

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Summaries and contact details of projects (1991-1994)
Relations with non-member countries
Research policy and organisation

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E UROPEAN
C OMMISSION
Practical information and programmes
Scientific cooperation
of the European
Union with the
People's Republic
of China
Summaries and
Contact Details of
Projects (1991-1994)
Programmes
* Science and Technology
for Development
* International Scientific
Cooperation
* Marie Curie Grants
1996 edition EUROPEAN
C OMMISSION
S CIENCE
RESEARCH
DEVELOPMENT
Scientific cooperation
of the European
Union with the
People's Republic
of China
Summaries and
Contact Details of Projects
(1991-1994)
Programmes
* Science and Technology
for Development
* International Scientific
Cooperation
* Marie Curie Grants
1996 edition Published by the
EUROPEAN COMMISSION
Directorate-General XII
Science, Research and Development
B-1050 Brussels
LEGAL NOTICE
Neither the European Commission nor any person acting on
behalf of the Commission is responsible for the use which might be made of the
following information
Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1996
ISBN 92-827-0370-3
© ECSC-EC-EAEC, Brussels · Luxembourg, 1996
Printed in Italy Contents
CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FOR DEVELOPMENT (STD) 1983-1994
STD1 (1983-1986): List of projects 7
STD2 (1987-1991): List of projects 11
STD3 (1991-1994) 15
Agriculture
Production and field evaluation of healthy micropropa-
gated sweet potato. Development of resistant cultivars to
virus complex by plant tissue culture (somaclonal varia­
tion and protoplast fusion) TS3*CT910013 16
Impacts of agricultural intensification on resource use
sustainability and food safety and measures for its solu­
tion in highly populated .subtropical rural areas in China TS3*CT920065 18
Research on integrated solutions to the problems of grow­
TS3*CT920095 20 ing rice at high altitude
Biodiversity of the Soybean Rhizobium gene pool in
China, application in agriculture and the need for conser­
vation TS3*CT920127 22
Improved water and soil management for sustainable agri­
culture in the Huang-Huai-Hai river plain (North China) TS3*CT930250 24
Diagnosis and control of bacterial diseases in penae ID
shrimp bactéries — relationship between microbial flora,
nutrition, production techniques and health status of pen-
aeid shrimps TS3*CT940269 26
Innovative concepts in agricultural residues utilization for
sustainable development (ICARUS) TS3*CT940283 28
Study of mechanisms governing the degradation of color,
firmness and aroma of litchi fruits and post-harvest deve­
lopment of an appropriate conservation treatment TS3*CT940342 30
Health
Quantitative diagnosis of Schistosoma infections by detec­
tion of circulating antigens in serum and urine TS3*CT910040 34
Evaluation of defined antigen vaccines against Schisto­
soma Bovis and S. Japonicum in bovines TS3*CT920050 36
III Contents
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infections in the pathogen­
esis of esophageal cancer in the high-risk area of China TS3*CT940295 38
Human cystic and alveolar echinococcosis in Northwest
China. Community screening, patient treatment/follow-
up and transmission studies TS3*CT940270 40
INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC COOPERATION (ISC) 1985-1994
ISC (1992-1994)
43
JOINT RESEARCH PROJECTS
Agricultural Sciences
Fungicide and bactericide resistance in plant pathogens in
China CI1*CT930013 46
Development of systems for the introduction and expres­
CI1*CT930021 48 sion of Nitrogen fixation (nif) genes in plant organelles
Molecular genetic approach to the bio synthesis and mode
CI1*CT930082 50 of action of Ethylene in rice
Biosafety consideration of engineered virus-resistant
52 plants in China CI1*CT94088
Biological Sciences
Molecular markers for alien transfer in the Triticeae CI1*CT930019 56
The role of virus and vector strains in the epidemiology of
58 barley yellow mosaic virus CI1*CT930081
Exploration of the yeast genus Candida: a screening pro­
gramme for biotechnology CI1*CT930085 60
Molecular studies on the interaction of Nitrogen-fixing
62 bacteria with rice CI1*CT930095
Molecular characterization of the activator Nifa of Nitro­
gen Fixation (NIF) genes CI1*CT930317 64
The organization of the sperm cell cytoskeleton of Gingko
Biloba Ultrastructure and Biochemistry of the Cytoskele­
ton components CI1*CT930341 66
Chemical Sciences
The high-temperature oxidation, sulfidation and sulfida-
tion-oxidation of the binary FE and CO alloys containing
yttrium and cerium at 600-800c CI1*CT940007 70
Toxicity, nature and reactivity of hydrolytic products of
aluminium present in acid soil environments CI1*CT940048 72
IV Contents
Earth Sciences
Characterization, management and utilisation of red soil
resources in Southern China CI1*CT930009 76
Seismology study of Yanging-Huailai Basin CI1*CT9303478
Environmental Sciences
Environmental monitoring of spontaneous combustion in
the North China Coalfields CI1*CT930008 82
Physic-Biological engineering for removing algae and pur­
ifying water quality in Lake Taihu CI1*CT930094 84
Modelling of miscible pollutant transport by underground
water in non-saturated zone CI1*CT940014 86
Fate of toxic metals and organic pollutants in the Pearl
River estuary R.P.China CI1*CT940136 88
Health and Biomedical Sciences
Development of techniques for early diagnosis of Epstein
Barr virus related diseases CI1*CT920091 92
Role of the Epstein Barr virus in the development of
Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma: serology, molecular biology
and therapy CI1*CT930010 94
Development of the CDL genetic element for analyzing
gene expression and pathogenicity in Leishmania CI1*CT930020 96
Basic studies on the development of a vaccine against
Haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome 2 98
Quantification of infection in Leptospirosis by genetic and
morphological methods CI1*CT930086 100
Development of new safe and economical recombinant
hepatitis virus vaccines and diagnostic materials CI1*CT940023 102
Identification of Hanta virus in China and EU: applica­
tion of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for rapid diagno­
sis of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome CI1*CT940024 104
Human Genome Project: establishment of the Sino-Eur-
ope Joint Resource Center for YAC libraries CI1*CT940137 106
Physical Sciences
Development of laser speckle photography as a general
method in thermofluiddynamics with special emphasis on
energy conservation CI1*CT940084 110
High power ICRF heating in HT-6M and Tore Supra
Tokamaks CI1*CT940138 112
WORKSHOPS 115
FELLOWSHIPS 119 Introduction
INTRODUCTION
It is now over a decade since scientific cooperation with China was started under two
separate but complementary programmes: Science and Technology for Development
(STD), and International Scientific Cooperation (ISC). Between them these two mul-
tiannual programmes covered a broad range of scientific disciplines and both pro­
grammes came to an end in 1994. The successor to STD and ISC is a new programme of
cooperation with developing countries: INCO-DC (1994-1998). It is part of a broader
specific programme 'Cooperation with Third Countries and International Organisa­
tions' under the EC's 4th Framework Programme.
The objective of this volume is to complete the picture of what has been achieved with
China in the framework of both the STD and ISC programmes by providing an overview
of the EU/China activities carried out under ISC after 1992, and by setting out
EU/China activities for the lifetime of STD (1983-1994). It complements the report of
activities carried out under the ISC programme from 1985-1992 as well as earlier
separate volumes on STD for agriculture and health. Since many of the projects which
were supported under both programmes are still in progress, summaries of these are
provided, together with the list of titles and coordinators for projects which are already
completed.
The STD programme covered two areas of scientific research of vital importance
to developing countries: agriculture (including forestry and fisheries) and health. The
ISC programme equally encompassed, though to a lesser extent, research coopera­
tion in agricultural sciences and health, moreover it covered a wide spectrum of
scientific disciplines including biological sciences, chemical sciences, earth sciences,
environmental sciences; materials sciences, and physical, mathematical and engineering
sciences.
Both STD and ISC were programmes of cooperation, where scientific advances were to
be made jointly, through partnerships of European research teams and of developing
countries. In the case of STD, the principal aim of the cooperation has been to enable
developing countries, whose development often differs widely, to be associated with the
generation of knowledge and innovative and appropriate technologies necessary for the
solution of their specific problems and to reach a sustainable development level. ISC
also aimed at developing long-lasting working relationships between scientists from the
EU and from the developing countries. Additionally, it complemented the STD pro­
gramme through the joint definition of procedures and subject priorities with the
national authorities of the developing countries. Introduction
Considerable strides have been made in EU/China scientific cooperation since the early
days of the 1980s. A total of 62 joint research projects have been supported under STD
and ISC, and 208 postdoctoral fellowships under the ISC programme. In addition a
number of joint workshops were supported in fields of mutual interest, bringing
together Chinese and European scientists to establish the state of the art in different
subject areas, and to enhance general coordination between scientists working in related
areas. This promising work is expanding even further under the new INCO-DC pro­
gramme; China has played a prominent role in the first round of project proposals and
accompanying measures for the new programme.
R Gerold
Director
DG XII — Science, Research and Development,
Directorate Β — Cooperation with Third Countries
and International Organisations.