Thus Spake Zarathustra: A book for all and none
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Thus Spake Zarathustra: A book for all and none


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Project Gutenberg Etext of Thus Spake Zarathustra, by Nietzsche#1 in our series by by Friedrich NietzscheCopyright laws are changing all over the world, be sure to checkthe copyright laws for your country before posting these files!!Please take a look at the important information in this header.We encourage you to keep this file on your own disk, keeping anelectronic path open for the next readers. Do not remove this.**Welcome To The World of Free Plain Vanilla Electronic Texts****Etexts Readable By Both Humans and By Computers, Since 1971***These Etexts Prepared By Hundreds of Volunteers and Donations*Information on contacting Project Gutenberg to get Etexts, andfurther information is included below. We need your donations.Thus Spake Zarathustraby Friedrich NietzscheTranslated by Thomas CommonDecember, 1999 [Etext #1998][Date last updated: March 2, 2006]Project Gutenberg Etext of Thus Spake Zarathustra, by Nietzsche******This file should be named spzar10.txt or*****Corrected EDITIONS of our etexts get a new NUMBER, spzar11.txtVERSIONS based on separate sources get new LETTER, spzar10a.txtThis etext was prepared by Sue Asscher Project Gutenberg Etexts are usually created from multiple editions,all of which are in the Public Domain in the United States, unless acopyright notice is included. Therefore, we usually do NOT keepthese books in compliance with any particular paper edition.We are now trying to ...


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Project Gutenberg Etext of Thus Spake Zarathustra, by Nietzsche #1 in our series by by Friedrich Nietzsche Copyright laws are changing all over the world, be sure to check the copyright laws for your country before posting these files!! Please take a look at the important information in this header. We encourage you to keep this file on your own disk, keeping an electronic path open for the next readers. Do not remove this. **Welcome To The World of Free Plain Vanilla Electronic Texts** **Etexts Readable By Both Humans and By Computers, Since 1971** *These Etexts Prepared By Hundreds of Volunteers and Donations* Information on contacting Project Gutenberg to get Etexts, and further information is included below. We need your donations. Thus Spake Zarathustra by Friedrich Nietzsche Translated by Thomas Common December, 1999 [Etext #1998] [Date last updated: March 2, 2006] Project Gutenberg Etext of Thus Spake Zarathustra, by Nietzsche ******This file should be named spzar10.txt or***** Corrected EDITIONS of our etexts get a new NUMBER, spzar11.txt VERSIONS based on separate sources get new LETTER, spzar10a.txt This etext was prepared by Sue Asscher Project Gutenberg Etexts are usually created from multiple editions, all of which are in the Public Domain in the United States, unless a copyright notice is included. Therefore, we usually do NOT keep these books in compliance with any particular paper edition. We are now trying to release all our books one month in advance of the official release dates, for time for better editing. Please note: neither this list nor its contents are final till midnight of the last day of the month of any such announcement. 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FOR PUBLIC DOMAIN ETEXTS*Ver.04.29.93*END* This etext was prepared by Sue Asscher FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE THUS SPAKE ZARATHUSTRA A BOOK FOR ALL AND NONE TRANSLATED BY THOMAS COMMON CONTENTS. INTRODUCTION BY MRS FORSTER-NIETZSCHE. THUS SPAKE ZARATHUSTRA. FIRST PART. Zarathustra's Prologue. Zarathustra' Discourses. I. The Three Metamorphoses. II. The Academic Chairs of Virtue. III. Backworldsmen. IV. The Despisers of the Body. V. Joys and Passions. VI. The Pale Criminal. VII. Reading and Writing. VIII. The Tree on the Hill. IX. The Preachers of Death. X. War and Warriors. XI. The New Idol. XII. The Flies in the Market-place. XIII. Chastity. XIV. The Friend. XV. The Thousand and One Goals. XVI. Neighbour-Love. XVII. The Way of the Creating One. XVIII. Old and Young Women. XIX. The Bite of the Adder. XX. Child and Marriage. XXI. Voluntary Death. XXII. The Bestowing Virtue. SECOND PART. XXIII. The Child with the Mirror. XXIV. In the Happy Isles. XXV. The Pitiful. XXVI. The Priests. XXVII. The Virtuous. XXVIII. The Rabble. XXIX. The Tarantulas. XXX. The Famous Wise Ones. XXXI. The Night-Song. XXXII. The Dance-Song. XXXIII. The Grave-Song. XXXIV. Self-Surpassing. XXXV. The Sublime Ones. XXXVI. The Land of Culture. XXXVII. Immaculate Perception. XXXVIII. Scholars. XXXIX. Poets. XL. Great Events. XLI. The Soothsayer. XLII. Redemption. XLIII. Manly Prudence. XLIV. The Stillest Hour. THIRD PART. XLV. The Wanderer. XLVI. The Vision and the Enigma. XLVII. Involuntary Bliss. XLVIII. Before Sunrise. XLIX. The Bedwarfing Virtue. L. On the Olive-Mount. LI. On Passing-by. LII. The Apostates. LIII. The Return Home. LIV. The Three Evil Things. LV. The Spirit of Gravity. LVI. Old and New Tables. LVII. The Convalescent. LVIII. The Great Longing. LIX. The Second Dance-Song. LX. The Seven Seals. FOURTH AND LAST PART. LXI. The Honey Sacrifice. LXII. The Cry of Distress. LXIII. Talk with the Kings. LXIV. The Leech. LXV. The Magician. LXVI. Out of Service. LXVII. The Ugliest Man. LXVIII. The Voluntary Beggar. LXIX. The Shadow. LXX. Noon-Tide. LXXI. The Greeting. LXXII. The Supper. LXIII. The Higher Man. LXXIV. The Song of Melancholy. LXXV. Science. LXXVI. Among Daughters of the Desert. LXXVII. The Awakening. LXXVIII. The Ass-Festival. LXXIX. The Drunken Song. LXXX. The Sign. APPENDIX. Notes on "Thus Spake Zarathustra" by Anthony M. Ludovici. INTRODUCTION BY MRS FORSTER-NIETZSCHE. HOW ZARATHUSTRA CAME INTO BEING. "Zarathustra" is my brother's most personal work; it is the history of his most individual experiences, of his friendships, ideals, raptures, bitterest disappointments and sorrows. Above it all, however, there soars, transfiguring it, the image of his greatest hopes and remotest aims. My brother had the figure of Zarathustra in his mind from his very earliest youth: he once told me that even as a child he had dreamt of him. At different periods in his life, he would call this haunter of his dreams by different names; "but in the end," he declares in a note on the subject, "I had to do a PERSIAN the honour of identifying him with this creature of my fancy. Persians were the first to take a broad and comprehensive view of history. Every series of evolutions, according to them, was presided over by a prophet; and every prophet had his 'Hazar,'--his dynasty of a thousand years." All Zarathustra's views, as also his personality, were early conceptions of my brother's mind. Whoever reads his posthumously published writings for the years 1869-82 with care, will constantly meet with passages suggestive of Zarathustra's thoughts and doctrines. For instance, the ideal of the Superman is put forth quite clearly in all his writings during the years 1873-75; and in "We Philologists", the following remarkable observations occur:-- "How can one praise and glorify a nation as a whole?--Even among the Greeks, it was the INDIVIDUALS that counted." "The Greeks are interesting and extremely important because they reared such a vast number of great individuals. How was this possible? The question is one which ought to be studied. "I am interested only in the relations of a people to the rearing of the individual man, and among the Greeks the conditions were unusually favourable for the development of the individual; not by any means owing to the goodness of the people, but because of the struggles of their evil instincts. "WITH THE HELP OF FAVOURABLE MEASURES GREAT INDIVIDUALS MIGHT BE REARED WHO WOULD BE BOTH DIFFERENT FROM AND HIGHER THAN THOSE WHO HERETOFORE HAVE OWED THEIR EXISTENCE TO MERE CHANCE. Here we may still be hopeful: in the rearing of exceptional men." The notion of rearing the Superman is only a new form of an ideal Nietzsche already had in his youth, that "THE OBJECT OF MANKIND SHOULD LIE IN ITS HIGHEST INDIVIDUALS" (or, as he writes in "Schopenhauer as Educator": "Mankind ought constantly to be striving to produce great men--this and nothing else is its duty.") But the ideals he most revered in those days are no longer held to be the highest types of men. No, around this future ideal of a coming humanity--the Superman--the poet spread the veil of becoming. Who can tell to what glorious heights man can still ascend? That is why, after having tested the worth of our noblest ideal--that of the Saviour, in the light of the new valuations, the poet cries with passionate emphasis in "Zarathustra": "Never yet hath there been a Superman. Naked have I seen both of them, the greatest and the smallest man:-- All-too-similar are they still to each other. Verily even the greatest found I--all-too-human!"-- The phrase "the rearing of the Superman," has very often been misunderstood. By the word "rearing," in this case, is meant the act of modifying by means of new and higher values--values which, as laws and guides of conduct and opinion, are now to rule over mankind. In general the doctrine of the Superman can only be understood correctly in conjunction with other ideas of the author's, such as:--the Order of Rank, the Will to Power, and the Transvaluation of all Values. He assumes that Christianity, as a product of the resentment of the botched and the weak, has put in ban all that is beautiful, strong, proud, and powerful, in fact all the qualities resulting from strength, and that, in consequence, all forces which tend to promote or elevate life have been seriously undermined. Now, however, a new table of valuations must be placed over mankind--namely, that of the strong, mighty, and magnificent man, overflowing with life and elevated to his zenith--the Superman, who is now put before us with overpowering passion as the aim of our life, hope, and will. And just as the old system of valuing, which only extolled the qualities favourable to the weak, the suffering, and the oppressed, has succeeded in producing a weak, suffering, and "modern" race, so this new and reversed system of valuing ought to rear a healthy, strong, lively, and courageous type, which would be a glory to life itself. Stated briefly, the leading principle of this new system of valuing would be: "All that proceeds from power is good, all that springs from weakness is bad." This type must not be regarded as a fanciful figure: it is not a nebulous hope which is to be realised at some indefinitely remote period, thousands of years hence; nor is it a new species (in the Darwinian sense) of which we can know nothing, and which it would therefore be somewhat absurd to strive after. But it is meant to be a possibility which men of the present could realise with all their spiritual and physical energies, provided they adopted the new values. The author of "Zarathustra" never lost sight of that egregious example of a transvaluation of all values through Christianity, whereby the whole of the deified mode of life and thought of the Greeks, as well as strong Romedom, was almost annihilated or transvalued in a comparatively short time. Could not a rejuvenated Graeco-Roman system of valuing (once it had been refined and made more profound by the schooling which two thousand years of Christianity had provided) effect another such revolution within a calculable period of time, until that glorious type of manhood shall finally appear which is to be our new faith and hope, and in the creation of which Zarathustra exhorts us to participate? In his private notes on the subject the author uses the expression "Superman" (always in the singular, by-the-bye), as signifying "the most thoroughly well-constituted type," as opposed to "modern man"; above all, however, he designates Zarathustra himself as an example of the Superman. In "Ecco Homo" he is careful to enlighten us concerning the precursors and prerequisites to the advent of this highest type, in referring to a certain passage in the "Gay Science":-- "In order to understand this type, we must first be quite clear in regard to the leading physiological condition on which it depends: this condition is what I call GREAT HEALTHINESS. I know not how to express my meaning more plainly or more personally than I have done already in one of the last chapters (Aphorism 382) of the fifth book of the 'Gaya Scienza'." "We, the new, the nameless, the hard-to-understand,"--it says there,--"we firstlings of a yet untried future--we require for a new end also a new means, namely, a new healthiness, stronger, sharper, tougher, bolder and merrier than all healthiness hitherto. He whose soul longeth to experience the whole range of hitherto recognised values and desirabilities, and to circumnavigate all the coasts of this ideal 'Mediterranean Sea', who, from the adventures of his most personal experience, wants to know how it feels to be a conqueror, and discoverer of the ideal--as likewise how it is with the artist, the saint, the legislator, the sage, the scholar, the devotee, the prophet, and the godly non-conformist of the old style:--requires one thing above all for that purpose, GREAT HEALTHINESS--such healthiness as one not only possesses, but also constantly acquires and must acquire, because one unceasingly sacrifices it again, and must sacrifice it!--And now, after having been long on the way in this fashion, we Argonauts of the ideal, more courageous perhaps than prudent, and often enough shipwrecked and brought to grief, nevertheless dangerously healthy, always healthy again,--it would seem as if, in recompense for it all, that we have a still undiscovered country before us, the boundaries of which no one has yet seen, a beyond to all countries and corners of the ideal known hitherto, a world so over-rich in the beautiful, the strange, the questionable, the frightful, and the divine, that our curiosity as well as our thirst for possession thereof, have got out of hand--alas! that nothing will now any longer satisfy us!-- "How could we still be content with THE MAN OF THE PRESENT DAY after such outlooks, and with such a craving in our conscience and consciousness? Sad enough; but it is unavoidable that we should look on the worthiest aims and