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470 Pages
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Transactions

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470 Pages
English

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TRANSACTIONSOF THEPHILOLOGICAL SOCIETY1858.PUBLISHED FOR THE SOCIETYBY&A. ASHER CO.Berlin*p1 1alCONTENTS.PART I.Pape1I. HENSLEIGII ESQ. . .WEDGWOOD,English Etymologies. ByII. Latin TH. 13ACFRECIIT, ESQ ByIII. On the and some affinities of the Hun-nature, peculiarities,and FRANCIS 21ESQ.garian language grammar. By PULSZKY,Coincidences in the roots of African andIV. European languages.36HENSLEIGH ESQBy WEDGWOOD,V. On terms. LOTHAIR ESQ 42BUCHER,political ByVI. On the existence of biconsonantal of inprefixes compositionas evidenced with theHebrew, by comparison Indo-Europeanthe FRANCIS CRAWFORDclass. Rev. 63ByVII. On the names of and Beetles. ERNESTAnts, ByEarwigs,93ADAMS, ESQVIII. On certain classes in African the Man-philology, especiallyand Fula II. G. M.D. 107dingo, Kouri, Nufi, groups. By LATHAM,OnIX. the word "Gallow" as used HERBERTby Shakspere. By123COLERIDGE, ESQX. Remarks on the nation which the cuneiform mode ofby writingwas invented. On the most ancient state ofethnographicalWestern Asia known. Dr. LOTTNER . . .124historically ByXI. Archaic and words with Dutchprovincial English comparedand M. DE HAAN HETTEMAFriesic. 143ByXII. in theOn constant affixes and afformatives Hebrew language,as illustrated reference to Part IT.by Indo-European analogies.the Rev. FRANCIS CRAWFORD 179By.INDEX . ,.,..,... 193&c 198Notices of Treasurer's Cash AccountMeetings,PART II.fromPoems and Lives of and editedSaints,Early English ...

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TRANSACTIONS OF THE PHILOLOGICAL SOCIETY 1858. PUBLISHED FOR THE SOCIETY BY &A. ASHER CO. Berlin* p 1 1 al CONTENTS. PART I. Pape 1I. HENSLEIGII ESQ. . .WEDGWOOD,English Etymologies. By II. Latin TH. 13ACFRECIIT, ESQ By III. On the and some affinities of the Hun-nature, peculiarities, and FRANCIS 21ESQ.garian language grammar. By PULSZKY, Coincidences in the roots of African andIV. European languages. 36HENSLEIGH ESQBy WEDGWOOD, V. On terms. LOTHAIR ESQ 42BUCHER,political By VI. On the existence of biconsonantal of inprefixes composition as evidenced with theHebrew, by comparison Indo-European the FRANCIS CRAWFORDclass. Rev. 63By VII. On the names of and Beetles. ERNESTAnts, ByEarwigs, 93ADAMS, ESQ VIII. On certain classes in African the Man-philology, especially and Fula II. G. M.D. 107dingo, Kouri, Nufi, groups. By LATHAM, OnIX. the word "Gallow" as used HERBERTby Shakspere. By 123COLERIDGE, ESQ X. Remarks on the nation which the cuneiform mode ofby writing was invented. On the most ancient state ofethnographical Western Asia known. Dr. LOTTNER . . .124historically By XI. Archaic and words with Dutchprovincial English compared and M. DE HAAN HETTEMAFriesic. 143By XII. in theOn constant affixes and afformatives Hebrew language, as illustrated reference to Part IT.by Indo-European analogies. the Rev. FRANCIS CRAWFORD 179By .INDEX . ,.,..,... 193 &c 198Notices of Treasurer's Cash AccountMeetings, PART II. fromPoems and Lives of and editedSaints,Early English copied theMSS. in the British Museum F. J. one ofFLKNIVALL, ESQ.,by Secretaries of the i-xxxi and 1-180Honorary Philological Society, pp. TRANSACTIONS OK THK PHILOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 1858, ETYMOLOGIES. BY HENSLEIGH WEDG-L ENGLISH ESQ.WOOD, BFLLION. There difference between the sense ofis a remarkable the K. and and thebullion, uncoined silver, ordinary applica-gold tion of or called-inthe Fr. cried-downbillon, base,corresponding or the and hencemetal whereof base coin is madecoin, (Cotgr.); it has been missedthat the of the word bullion hashappened origin in our while that of billon was bydictionaries, correctly explained Menage. The of the word billon wasbullion, boillon,original meaning the mint or office where the metals were reduced to theprecious and converted into from the Lat.alloy bulla,proper stamped money, a seal, whence Mod. Gr. to toftovhhov(o seal, stamp; povMiamj- the matrix or die with coins were Diet.which stamped. Ktym.Qinv In this sense the word in our statutes. The Slat.earlyappears i). 10. iii. st. 2. c. "2. sauvementthat allprovides persons "puissent a les on bullion ne inie enet ailleursporter argenteschanges plate, vessel et faux monoie el IV-tout/ maners sauved'argent d'argent " counh-rt'ait lor of thetlie Insterling excliangi'.juirpose I0ngli>h version th.-e \v.i-(ls Mhatare translated allerroneously peoph> may ' to ihe in ifcc. whichbullion or silversafely bring lOxchanges plate A has led to in the old statutesthe assertion that 'bullion' is used in the silver.modern of uncoined or The 27.application gold Ed. iii. st. 2. c. 14. toulz man-liauntz savc- provides 'que puisscnt ment autre d'orbillettes d'or et tut manerporter plate d'argent, et toutz d'or nostiv bullione ou aet a nous es-moneys d'argent nous etferons ordeiner a nous dites ailleurschanges que estaples illoecs a value'.de notre convenableinent lapernant money coigne ' 4. Hen. 14. c. 10. la de tout la monoie d'ar-tierceAgain que partie sera a la es etboillion sera faitegent que maylesporte ferlynges' shall be coined into and farthings.halfpence In these and in coin was forbiddenother statutes all trafficking at the bullion or of the and similar re-except exchanges king; strictions in the with thewere enforced \vhereFrance, tampering coin was carried to a much than in inso-extent England,greater much as to earn of lefor le Bel the title faux monnoyeur.Philippe Hence to billon their decriedthe French the theamong carrying became a familiar of and aulife, 'portermoney operation daily 'mettre au billon' are tobillon', applied tilingsmetaphorically that The coin to be melteddecriedrequire brought upremaking. was and hence billon and thetermed 'monnaie de billon', equi- valent vellon used to the basewereSpanish signifyvery early mixture of a mixture ofwhich such coin was ormade, generally and vel billionem extrasilver. 'Necopper aurum,quis argentum le Bel in Due.nostrum deferreregnum prsesumat' (Stat, Philip A.D. 1305). In of have been different, andthe fortunes the wordEngland the Mint Avhich determinedas the authoritybeing regarded chiefly the standard of of bullion has been tothe the namecoin, given the the Bul-or of the current coin permitted byalloy composition lion or mint. translated in Torriano'sThus bullion is dictionary 1 and traces of the samedi metallo ,(A.D. 1687) 'lega, legaggio in the in 'reals vel-areapplication reckoningpreserved Spanish reals of standard From metal of standard finenesslon', currency. the has in modern times to allsignification naturally goldpassed and silver for the of coinage.designed purpose BRUNT. heat. from G.Assault, onset, Commonly explained theBut the ishrunst, heat, strong passion. meaning distinctly front of an 'at the first 'that in all haste he wouldassault:, brunt',