World Bank Engagement at the State Level
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World Bank Engagement at the State Level

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This report is a pilot cross-country study that summarizes 10 years (1998-2008) of the World Bank's engagement at the state level in selected large federal countries and combines elements of a country assistance evaluation and a thematic review. It looks at several strategic and operational questions posed by state-level engagement, among them the selection of states, the scope, and the modalities of engagement. According to the report, two tendencies-often in tension-featured in most approaches for selection of states for direct engagement. One was to support better-performing, reformist states, while the other was to support the poorest states as a more direct route to reducing poverty.
Overall, the study confirms the desirability of continued selective lending in a few focus states. Among other findings: the Bank's engagement with progressive reformist states has added value and has been highly appreciated, but in order to enhance the poverty impact of state level interventions, greater weight should be given to the needs of poorest states by balancing states' propensity to reform and the concentration of poverty within them; continued focus on public finance management appears sound, irrespective of whether engagement is confined to this area or serves as an entry point for broader engagement; there is considerable scope for greater impact from knowledge transfer between states and countries and expanded knowledge services to the state-level clients.

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Published 21 April 2010
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EAN13 9780821382240
Language English
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The Cases of Brazil, India, Nigeria, and the Russian FederationIEG PUBLICATIONS
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http://www.worldbank.org/iegWorld Bank Engagement at
the State Level
The Cases of Brazil, India, Nigeria,
and the Russian Federation
2010http://www.worldbank.org/ieg.ifc.org/ieg The World Bank.miga.org/ieg Washington, D.C.©2010 The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / the World Bank
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This volume, except for the “Chairperson’s Comments,” is a product of the staff of the Independent Evaluation Group of the
World Bank Group. The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this volume do not necessarily reflect the
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Cover: Illustration by Nip Rogers, ©Images.com/Corbis, reproduced by permission.
ISBN-13: 978-0-8213-8224-0
eISBN: 978-0-8213-8225-7
DOI: 10.1596/978-0-8213-8224-0
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication data have been applied for.
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E-mail: pic@worldbank.org Communication, Learning, and Strategy (IEGCS)
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Printed on Recycled PaperContents
v Abbreviations
vii Acknowledgments
ix Foreword
xi Executive Summary
xvii Chairperson’s Comments: Informal Subcommittee of the Committee on
Development Effectiveness (CODE)
1 1 Introduction
4 Scope and Objective of the Evaluation
5 Structure
7 2 Which States? Evolution of the Bank Strategy
11 Brazil
13 India
16 Nigeria
18 Russia
20 Conclusions
23 3 The Scope of Bank Engagement
25 Fiscal Reform
34 Multisector Engagement at the State Level
37 4 Modalities of State-Level Engagement
39 Evolution of Instruments
46 Partnership
47 5 Summary of Findings
49 Future Research Agenda
50 Findings
Appendixes
53 A Portfolio Performance
55 B Key Fiscal Indicators and Legal Framework at the State Level
57 C The Global Financial Crisis and State-Level Lending
59 D Countries at a Glance
69 E Key State Social and Economic Indicators
iiiWORLD BANK ENGAGEMENT AT THE STATE LEVEL
75 F Distribution of Projects by States
95 G Fiscal Responsibility Law—Brazil
97 H Partnerships with Other Development Agencies
101 I People Met
107 Endnotes
113 Bibliography
Boxes
26 3.1 Increasing Use of Earmarked Transfers in India and the Russian Federation
27 3.2 The Fiscal Adjustment Program in Brazil
28 3.3 Analytic Work on Fiscal Federalism in the Russian Federation
33 3.4 Improved Governance in the Fiscal Area in Orissa
35 3.5 The Bank Program in Andhra Pradesh
40 4.1 Multisector SWAp
41 4.2 Minas Gerais—From Management Shock to Results-Oriented State
45 4.3 Bank Engagement in Bihar: An Example of Effective Partnership
50 5.1 Client Views
Figure
11 2.1 Distribution of Projects by State
Tables
4 1.1 Bank Lending to State/Provincial Governments (1998–2008)
10 2.1 Comparative Data on Population and Gross Domestic Product per Capita in
States/Regions
12 2.2 Evolution of Bank Engagement in Brazil, Fiscal 1998–2008
15 2.3 Evolution of Bank Engagement in India, Fiscal 1998–2009
17 2.4 Evolution of Bank Engagement in Nigeria, Fiscal 1998–2008
19 2.5 Evolution of Bank Engagement in the Russian Federation, Fiscal 1998–2008
44 4.1 Average Preparation and Supervision Costs of State- and Federal-Level
Projects, Fiscal 1998–2008
ivAbbreviations
AAA Analytic and advisory activities
ADB Asian Development Bank
AfDB African Development Bank
AusAID Australian Agency for International Development
CAE Country Assistance Evaluation
CAF Andean Development Corporation
CAS Country Assistance Strategy
CASPR Cy Assistance Strategy Progress Report
CIDA Canadian International Development Agency
CMSIDP Ceará Multisector Social Inclusion Development Project
CODE Committee on Development Effectiveness
CPS Country Partnership Strategy
DFID Department for International Development (U.K.)
DPL Development policy lending/loan
EBRD European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
EC European Commission
ESW Economic and sector work
FFRFRP/L Fiscal Federalism and Regional Fiscal Reform Project/Loan
FRL Fiscal Responsibility Law
GDP Gross domestic product
GSDP Gross state domestic product
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
IDA International Development Association
IDB Inter-American Development Bank
IEG Independent Evaluation Group (World Bank Group)
IFC International Finance Corporation
ILO International Labor Organization
IMF International Monetary Fund
JBIC Japan Bank for International Cooperation
MDGs Millennium Development Goals
MGDPL Minas Gerais Development Policy Loan
NGO Nongovernmental organization
PAF Fiscal adjustment program
PBL Policy-based lending
PER Public Expenditure Review
RFRF Regional Fiscal Reform Fund
RFTAPiscal Technical Assistance Project
SAL State-level adjustment loan
SEEDS State Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy
SIDA Swedish International Development Agency
SWAp Sectorwide approach
UN United Nations
USAID U.S. Agency for International Development
WHO World Health Organization
All dollar ($) amounts are in U.S. dollars.
vView down central boulevard with high-rise construction in the background, Russian Federation. Photo by Yuri Kozyrev,
courtesy of the World Bank Photo Library.Acknowledgments
This report was prepared by the Independent Tapas Sen (India), Olufemi Taiwo (Nigeria), and
Evaluation Group Country Evaluation and Regional Galina Kurlyandskaya (the Russian Federation).
Relations evaluation team: Konstantin Atanesyan
(Task Team Leader, Senior Evaluation Officer), Ravi Kanbur (Cornell University), Steven Webb
Basil Kavalsky (consultant), and Sarwat Jahan (con- (Adviser, LCSPS), and Thomas O’Brien (Manager,
sultant). It is based on the results of field visits to SARDE) were the peer reviewers. Sarwat Jahan and
all four countries and interviews with key local Tim De Vaan provided data and research assis-
(federal and state) counterparts and Bank teams. tance. Cecilia Tan and Corky de Asis provided
administrative suppor t and William Hurlbut pro-
The study draws extensively on four country back- vided editorial support. Caroline McEuen edited
ground papers prepared by Joao Oliveira (Brazil), the report for publication.
Director, Independent Evaluation Group-World Bank: Cheryl Gray
Senior Manager, IEG, Country Evaluation and Regional Relations: Ali Khadr
Task Manager: Konstantin Atanesyan
Note: Vinod Thomas, Director-General, Evaluation, The World Bank Group, was recused from
management oversight of the evaluation owing to his prior association with the Brazilian program
as country director.
viiThe Women in Movement Project sponsors an AIDS prevention clinic, Brazil. Photo by Alejandro Lipszyc,
courtesy of the World Bank Photo Library.