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Partition , partie II - pour Civil , partie; ou pour luth made easy, Musick’s Monument, ou A Remembrancer of pour Best Practical Musick

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199 Pages
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Travaillez la partition de la musique Musick’s Monument, ou A Remembrancer of pour Best Practical Musick , partie II - pour Civil , partie; ou pour luth made easy, Music théorie, fruit du travail de Mace, Thomas. La partition de musique baroque dédiée aux instruments suivants: Music théorie
La partition aborde une variété de mouvements: 3 parties et est répertoriée dans les genres
  • Music théorie
  • écrits
  • Organology
  • méthodes
  • leçons
  • études
  • Performance pratique
  • pour 1 voix
  • pour voix non accompagnées
  • partitions pour voix
  • pour luth
  • partitions pour luth
  • pour 1 musicien
  • pour viole de gambe
  • partitions pour viole de gambe
  • langue anglaise

Visualisez encore tout une collection de musique pour Music théorie sur YouScribe, dans la rubrique Partitions de musique baroque.
Date composition: 1671-76
Rédacteur: First edition
Edition: London: T. Ratcliffe & N. Thompson, 1676.

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fiiifiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiif
-The CIVILSeconds and Tart :
OR,
The madeLUTE Eafie.
Recreative PraeludiumA to This Whrl^
of the LnjTE-'PA\r.
BEING
between theA "Dialogue JHJTHO^ arid
The complainingHisL'-UTE : Lute
Wrongsfadly of Its Great and Injuries,
fomething Kemark^bkWith Jidjoyning, in Reference
Languageto the MVSICK,of
W" "TUat maj^sAuthor. Thee Sad , m^fit fo"Jr
Noble Friend,
As Thou wert with Sot-if (w
rows) near Thy End ?
Whath the myCaufe^ Dear.Renowned-Lutc;^
Thou art late Silent, and Mute?foof fo
inThou Publick now appearfeldofn dofk j
Thou art Melancholly grown //eir.too
Lute. What needyou <i/J^Thefe Queftiofts tphy *tps ?fo
Since 'tis too obvlousyz*** All ilien to know.
The World isgrown Slight full New Fangles,fo ; of
theirAnd tah^s ChiefDelight in Jangles
:JingleWith Fiddle-Noifes Pipes^ ofBartholmew,
Lij^e whichthofe Country-Wives huy^ Gay andNew,
To their Little Childrenpleafe when they Cry :
mah^s meThis and Sighfit thus Mournfully.
Author. Alsis my tooDear I fenpble Idm
thy Grief Therefore IJuft hither cameOf J
F to:
(^^IVr^Iudiumto Thislf^orJ^.34
To Comfort Thee, pojjibly I mightyif
And let meanThee hiiow^ I todo thee Right.
Lute. HoTP can that Fame ha^ mebe^fince Cry'd down
?With That Fools-Bolt,Vm out of Fafliion grown
Author. Fear it not Tletak^^Thou for fuch a Courfc\
do not doubt^ Thee Fiiends to mah^.J many
Lute. 7 doubt it much^ al vphy\for fever Keafons
Tm Injur'd not with biit^One, Many a Lye :
Befide^s^ Vm Tortur'd much jv/^/^ Fumbling-Fools,
And oft Abus'd by Bunglers, and Their Tools.
Author, 'this is which martAll Iknow^audconfefs'd.
Thdn Thou canji with what Thouji faid before,fay^
here's nought1 thy Concern but I it hnow^of
And can 'jpie Foefoon Thy Friend out from Thy
7hou mayU not Defpair I doiThus Defpair, Lute,
Old Dowland he is Dead tooR. Johnfon\ ,
Two Famous •,Men Great Mafters in My Artj
In each o/'Them more than Part,I had One
Or or were notTwo, Three They Slngle-Soul'd,^
¥ Some *Asmoji our are^ and too too Bold.Upftarts
man Gotiere^^^" Them, that Famqmthin Com- ^f*^^
pofeis of Did mah^ me Gratefull in each Noble Ear
j
^'^
^^' thatHe's lihewife gone: I me much Ifear
not hut p^ortly tooAm Long-liv'd, fhall Dye.
Author. Chear Soul Andh^ow thatBrave ! fomduf^
Tet Living, who Thee will tahefuch Care, (therefor are
That Thou be ReftorM Thy former Glory,fhalt
beAnd Eterni'z'd to Eternal Story.
Lute. I h^ow I ha've Friends which yet dofome Live,
But are canFew, fcarcely make me Thrive :fo
My Friend He's The only ManRogers,Jo.
Fame HeH doOf ; me All theGood he can :
But Hegrows Old now has not long toflayi ;
And when He's gone, go Hang my felf I may
^pon the where liB^Willows, or Ielfe
And there may long enough Harfg, I wifi^fo
"Ere any comeTakeme down. Author. Come^ forbear
Such Penfive Thoughts ^Thefe Thy Fear,j Cafl off
'And know^ theirAll Things Revolution hai^e
,
*The Great Creator, He This Order ga'ue
To; : ; ^
ThisiVor^Tr^ludium tofiA 3^
' his Worh^mtn Nature, that he JhouldTo Chief
^ Things in Turn and FoldAU This fame manner
* Korpn^%)pon that Wheel which ever turns them
' One while they're another while they're Down :Up,
' your'Tis now Lot to he Below^^« fee^
' you again as Certainly.ButUp Jhall
Lute, Comfort. Au. Doubt it notfoufpeak^fome fayJ ^
fure, as Night is to the DayIt isfo j
worthcan ne're decay,True
muchLu. I'm Refrefh'd my Heartyou hugely Chears\
Butyet methinj^s I ha<ve littlefome Fear,
'mongH all theBecaufe Books fundry Arts,of
There's not One ^ookyet writ my Deferts,of
both Full andWhich gi'ves Certain Rules whereby
To he to PofterityAflifting
'Tvs true^*tisJn my Beloved Art. Auth. fo
Now better Comfort,^o«for Your Jhall k»ow^
Yours, Vie notyet Name^There is a Friend of
'j'very Ready to doThefameforIf
hath intended beItAndfully fiall
Print ; the which e*re longFut into you I :fee
This your Comfort tah^. Lu. muchTm ifor RevivM
oris made, yet to be Contriv'dBut It ?
'Tis almoji wholly made^ nearAuth. andfo done
near theAs is the Day, fetting Sun.of
joy, I ioy Chear upLute. I ; my Grieved Hearty
DroopingAnd all my Spirits, come bear a Part
in^nitsyourfehes ChearfulnefsandMirth,
That oflonging Day our New-Birth*Tet for
Chorus,
inWe All Unite and Mirth,Jojn Joyful!
AndLong ThatGood Dayfor our New-Birthof 3
which we'l inIn Triumph, Harmonious Chear,
keep ThatAnd JUBILE-DAY Year Tear.after
The Language Mufick confirmed,of
Reader, you h^oW^mufh theBEloved Lutes
Language.That Speak ereyou\ LUTES could could fo
5
hasThere been TimeswhenThey haz/e been
an^DISCOURSERS unto King Qyeen
2F To: ;
^Ti^ludium to This Work^atJ3^
Nobles, andthe Higheft PeersTo j
EarsAnd Free Accefs had to Their
Familiarly a Dayfcarce pafs'd
5
not would fayJhey woitld Hear rvhat Lute i
But at Night, in Their Bed,fure though
Iheyd faid.Liften well what then She
She has Difcourfesycj fublime,
No Language yet in TimeAny
Had Words fufiicient to define
Her Choice Divine.Expreflions fo
Her MatterV High Concern,fuchof
No Common Folks can It difcern i
'Twos ne'er intended theKudcfor
And Boifterous-Churlilli-Multitude
But Thofefor Choice-Refined-Spirits
Which Heav'nly-Raptures oft Inherits.
' 'Tis asfttejifure fijch Theyfor
' Who '•,Contemplate andUzWy Pray
''Who hai>e their Souls Divinely Bent
' .*with HeartsTo Serve their God, Intent
' Such Students as Thefe be can Spell
' Her •,meaning out and can tellyoft
* By Her Infpiring-Influence,
* What is Her Choice Intelligence :
* Tet want they Words to exprefsfor
' Such as polT'efsRaptures dothJhe
""
heir }sAJ mds withall and niah^s Them
-^ be
' L?% Men '-,Infpir'd, through Harmonic
' This is no Fi61:ion, but well known
' To Some, though tonot Every one.
Thevarious But you doubt This, you mayif ojf
Co^pder well All men how TheyofRlei?^^
Are Endowedfe'z/eral ways bs
-J fame
As 'twere Cut out Myfteriefor
Others again^ Hugely Dull,fo
Ihat nought comesArt near theirof Skull 5
Tet He who e're had Ripeft Wit,
And made the Ufe ofHigheft It
In Arts that e're was h^own e'v'n; He
Came O^ovt knowing Myfterieof
InTim iVork^,toTr^U4dmmcL/f 37
He had his Bound^In General :
fomid:Limiration/wre HeMh
though moji hh didY.y.cc\\And ih'.
yet to Spellhi Chiefefl: Knowledge ;
Hemuji again ', and thatHe JJjew

that beIs lon'rant in mofi: Things
'very attain fo High,And fnv
jiufid1o under This Myfterie.
Tet that may appear moreplain^It
injiance againTie toyou once
In one Comparifon, which You
not deny^ bnt 'tisWill True.fay
The Laii-He who confiders atid wellRight
p!;uage of
How Beafts^wc/ Birds their Stories tell Birds and
''
Beafts.To One another Certainly,
yet jioAnd Words f/j^^y/'^^i^ Plainly
j
Lan-The
But by That is givnLanguage which ofguage
Nature,In (^by Decree Heav'n) Nature*from
UnderftandThey undotihtedly
others]Each Speech, as well weas
our ownX)o Words, which we do fay,
by Experience yon may:Af fee
regard withIfyoiil ftedfafi: EyeS,
intoAnd dive fuch Mvfteries.
I thatTon find Nothing's Plainer then
ThatBRUTES have Speech as well as MEN.
little tiltherA f fill Vie go
And what. fpeah^of I cannotknow
5
do believe />Tet to be fo^
doubtAnd not but you I do too.fo
h^wConfider that The Lan-Spirits ufe
guage of^Though not by Words) tofor infufe
Spirits.
Their Meanings to each other fo^
That Each, Each others Meanings h^ow.
Though Words%Men a Language be^
Tet fomething elfe we may wellfee
l)'>es do the Office ofthefame^
notBut a. Word, or Letter N^we.
mayWhy not Lute then Tell to me, The
CoEfequence.Whoknow Her Hidden( My fterie}
$uch)
IVork^(^ to ThisTr^hidimn3^
Stories as ISuch Underftand,
inThough Them are at a ftand,fome
to the Couchant therein^As Scnce
Being fleas'd withThat fweet Dinchiefly
Which Gratefull is to th* Outward Sence,
wants th*But Inward Intelligence.
To clear this by Comparifon,
hereAptnefs Tie gi'veyoK One.In
TheCompa- h^oxvn even'Tis in Divinity,
Iifon made
theThere lies felf-fameMyftery j
good from
outward manyDivinity. The Meanings k^ow
0th* Texts oth' and can jherpScripture,
By words fignificantly good,
properThe Meaning underflood
orThis That they I tellDifcourfeOf ;
According to Right Reafon well.
' Tet beyondThis a lyes^Secret
* Htdfrom all outward Ears and Eyes
j
' And!s only to the Inward Sence
' Divineferceii/d^ by Influence.
' True Divines can tell^This^ furely
'Who by Experience hj^ow it well 5
' There is an Inward andEar Sence,
' Which is the fvery Qyinteflence
* O/Mans true Undcrftanding Part,
' N(?r to be attain dbyHumane Art 5
(Much to be exprefs'd,lefs
* Tnfus'd, * * to giv'nBut 'tis Innate, and Him
Of Infpir'do
' God (a Gift Heav'n.^By alone fromj
tellj/ might henceLong Storiesfrom
But I will here no longer dwell 5
Tie to my Work away.haflen
Only tpillThis One Thing / fay ;
greaterLANGUAGE is of lorcetome,'No
is the Language of LUTE'S Myfterie.Than
The}9
The Second Tart.
The made EaiGe.LUTE
Chap. 1.
the LVTe was a Hard or very InltrHment.DifficultTHat
And theto Play well upon, is confeffed Rcafonx why,5
fhall here be : But that it is lS!ow Eajie^ and verygiven
fliallFamiliar, is as Certainly True And the Reafom likewid- be5
given.
that was Bard inThe Firii and Chief it former Times, firftan^Reafi'n The
ciiiefReafon
•,was, Becaufe they had to their X«^f/ but Few Strings viz. to
fome fome and fome strings, which in the beginmt7g10, 12, 14 Hard, bywas
fevvnefs ofaltogether in ("and thisof my Time were alraofl: is preferitVfe-^
Strings.
Year Fifty four years fince//r/? began to undertake T/6^^1675.
Inilrument.J
foon after,But they began to adde more Strings unto Their
thatfo we had Lutes of 1 1 and 20tntes, 6,8, 5 which they
to be fofinding Great a Convenience, ftayed not long till they
added more, to the Number where we iidw xe{k2^,of fatisfied ;
upon my Theorboes I put 26 for Ibmeonly Strings, Good Reafons
be able duelliall to give in Time and Vlace.I
Now (having but yety^i^/ fo) will Pr^z^e it veryI manifcftly ; Proved ijy
GocdReafoa.thereforeThus 5
To be expected to innch, and to be ConjuidPei-form and
Limito or mufi:ied Straitnefs , Narrow jsoknds , certainly needs be
concluded more than where there is Liberty, Scope, andDifficult,
Freedom.
This is the very between the o/iFormeYCafe Lutes Times, and
olThisthe Lutes prefnt Age.
moreYet a little efpecially to who are Vnexpe-ful/y, Thofe
rienc'd in theArt or \Inurnment.
You muft know, that he who undertakes the Lute, will meet
"with things becoming the Lute, viz, Compofures witho^ Tarts,
much variety o^ Trebles, Bafes, and Inner Parts.
which upon the OldAll Lutes , by reafon of the Fewnefs of
extremeStrings, was freally) Hard to perform.
vulgarAnd from Thence chiefly did it derive thename o£ Er-orHardnefe,
'^°°"'
a which ever finceHard InUrttment ; Cthroueh the Ignorance of ''°"'"f
People) hath continued upon It.
Whereas Now, oh the contrary as Really as it was Thert( )
Truly becomeHard, (b is it Edjie, and very Familiarly toPkafant
the Learner, by reafonofthe Strings.Increafe of
Secondly^
I) )
or.Tart40 The Qml ;
A SecondRea- Secondly, Thofe Times did not LayThe Work^men of their
fon is, from
Lutes (b and for the fingers^ as now by experiencetpell^fine^ eafie
the Workmen
our late havebeen inform'd to which is a veryin thofe days. Worhctnen RcCtiJie 5
yea agreat, main matter in thc^ye ofthe Lute. A more parti-(
cularexplanation tA^, (hall come to ihew the wholeof bewhen I
oftheOrder hrjirumeftt.
A Third Rea- A Third and very Confiderable is, From theReafon Clofenefs
fon, from the •extremeofMaJiers in the Art, who ("all alongj have been shiem
Clofenefi of
revealing the Occult and Secrets ofthe Lute.Maflars. Hidden
The French ("who were generally accounted Great Miajlers
feldom or never would their as T:hey them^prick, Leffons Vlayd
much lefs Revealany thing ("further than ofneceflity they muftj
orto the thorough underftanding of the Art, Injiritment, which
(hallmake and veryI flain.manifefl
Nor was there, nor yet is there Any Thing more conftantly to
be obfervedamong to be Very Sparing in theirMajiers, than
ComFrcenepmunications concerning Plainnejs, and eitherOpennejs, 5
with Parting with their or Imparting much ofTheirLejfons, SkjU
to their Scholars morej than to ftiew them the Ordinary mayhow
to play fuchandfuch Lejjbns.
hath been, everThis and ftill is the Common Humour fince,
my Time.
* that is no marvel, that it continues ^nd HiddenSo it Dark, to
' make it thtir Work.toAU, exceptingfbme Fetp,who chief PraCiife,
*and Search into its Secrets.
* Pains,when they have done, and with Long and muchWhich
' SKILLLabour obtained, THEY DYE,AND ALL THEIR AND
<I5>
DYES WITH*EXPERJENCE THEM.
* beginSo that the next Generation is ftill to and againfeek.,
' for fucha-'Nevp, Attainments.
'thai be appears aboveNote, And it may noted, Thatfeldome in an Age
rarely not
a' or Twowho areExcellent or Rare Artijis in This k^nd.One
bove one or
more'So that Aiagnijie, andmake Themjehes lUuJlriomtwo Eminent Cto )
Lute-Maflers but'they keep All to communicating Nothingclofe Themfelves,
in an Age,
' Account.upon a Pecuniary
' before theymuft needsmake Things Hard, and LongThis EaJFe
* be known in aGeneral fb as they may become Eajie.way,
'Whereas, fuch would fb to theirif kfiovping MaUers, be k!"d
* Fellow-Creatures, as to and their Knowledge andReveal Difcover
' (whilflThey more at leaft leave it be-Experience Livd) freely, or
* afterhind them to be publifhed to the world for aCommonGood
' it would redound of thetheir Deceafe, much to the facilitating
* Art, and Gratifying of Pojierity.
' by the Grace will make my to do, ac-Which God I Buflnefsof
*cording tomy Abilities, and Vnderjlanding in the Art.Befi
' not doe^And to th* Purpofe it IJhallif
' Say^ wzntingthereunto.Good-will wa^ mt
Thusmadel^he Lute Eafle. 41
gain that theThus much I think may be fufficicnt to Beliefs
by rea(bniTiufl: needs havehad fiich Impediments^ ofwhich,itLtite
well be accounted InUmment,mtght a Hard
The which being taken away, I doubt not but it will appear
and veryboth Eafie^ DelightfitU.
Thefirfi Rea-give Ibrtie why it becomeNow I will you Reafins is Eafle and^
(althoughby the Strings which itmay£eem a Riddlels, Increafe ,of be-Lute is'
come Eafie,moft True.to isIbmeJ
aAnd here youmuft take notice, thatwhen we fay Lute of 1 2
R^aller™'"^
there are but , and likewife a Lute of stritigs, thereStrings^ 6 24 .^
are but 1 tofas fiibflantialVfe-)2,
For we always Tune treo Strings together as ou^.andjlrik§
that in the OldTime upon their Lutes of 12 StringsSo (as to
but 6 : Therefore were they conftraindufe they had to ex-)
bothabove andbelowtreme and wringing Stops^ upoijhdrdj crofsy
the Finger-board.
do ftill wonder howYea, fuch Stops have feen, that I a MansI
to (bme ofthem, and with fuchHand could ftretch perform
fvpifiTime as has been (et down.nefs of
"**Whereas by the Addition oCjix Ranks Strings^ AllNtfw, thofeof
are tmdone and brought to ahard crofs-graind Stops , Natural .
And are CoForm^ and Aptitude theHand very that anfor j Eafe^ halfan hour
^bie to per-Child in hxlf an hours time, may readilyIngenious Form its Hand
whole Number Hard Stops, ordinarilyto the in u(e,and generallyof
dJftftops^ufil
for the neceffaryIcopeRequirable o£Lute-play. on the Lute,
which I (hall moft plainly DemonJirate, whenThe Icome to in^
and (et down theform the Learner Rudiments thereof.
fecond Rea-AAgain, There is foundby Experience a manner ofBetter Laying
whyfon eafierj
term it) which is done, caufingourLutei, faswe by the Fz»ger- m Refpefts,3
board, I. to lye a little Round,OY Vp in the middle as alfo that5
the Bridge (anlwerably) a littleRound torife it.
Then 2dly. to lay the Strings clofe to the Finger-hoard^ thatfo
the Strings may almoft feem to touch the This is call'dFret.firfl
when all the Strings near theLaying a Lute Fine, lye Frets.of
5dly. Laying the Ranks Strings fo carefully, that the Pairsof may
conveniently Near, and the Ranks pritty wide.be
have a more ready and certainBy which meails we Command
over them, for neat and clean Tlay.
The(e things were not inthe Old Lutes regarded, as may ftillfo
appear hymzny to beoCThem, yet met withall.
'The Injirument-makers were not Then acquaintedWith. That
* Secret, which affuredly is (uch an extraordinary Advan-Great
' Note.to the Hand That \iTwo years ftanding,tage 5 Equal flayers of a
' ofthem take up a Layd,Ihould either feveral Lute, theone well
defcribed and (as'and order'd as I have the other IIILay d, were5
* generallytheoldLutes) itwould bejudg'd by their indifference
* the having learn'd a the had not learn'dPlay, that One Tear., Other
'above a Quarter.
' do affureyou is a moft Certain Truth.This I
* wellTherefore you may very conclude from thefe Reafons
'only,Q^
oiThe Qhil ^^art42, ;
' only, there mufi: needs be a Great Facility in Playing upon Thefe
whence the ' more thanupon ofLt{tes of0«r Time^ the oldTime :
FromThofi
nameofHard' whence hath come, and (till remains moji name ofFaljlji.^ the
ncfsisderiv'd.
*Hardneff.
befidesNow all Reajd/;s Advantage utid Eafinefs,Thefi for
(which doubt but do (eem apparent to the ReaderI not being)
only in the InBrument^ which Time and Experience hath reformed ^
Advantages It will not be unreafonable to conclude, but that there are, or
from
rheArmay be likewife feveral other Advatitagesfrom the wherebyArtifi^
tifl included.
may moretheWork be made Eafie.
laboured many years in Vain^whichOtherwile we have wouW
be too great a Di^aragement unto us of This Age tofrefent be
and known, thatGuilty of fince it is generally (een in AllArts^
Time and Experience finds out more Compevdious and Ready ways
to in, than was knownand their Works in theperfeU accomplifi
"Beginnifig and Infancy oiArts.
Someofthem will nominate here reference to theI (ome Particulars in
named.
theGreat Benefit of and towards the facilitating ofScholar^
the Work;
The Firft (hall be, Iwould by all that the Scholar bemeansj(
taught to string with alfohis Injirument^ Good and True Strings ;
to Fret it, and to know when the ftand Right orFrets Wrongs
whichmay be eafily and quickly done.
Scholarhe taught fbon as poffiblySecondly, That the ((b may
be) which likewife may in a reafonable Timsto Tune the Lute^
be done.
A wofvifl mif- For, the want of fiich is not only a greatskj^, DifiouragemeTti
ehiefto
Learthe and alfb a great theirto Learners^ Hindrance to Troficiency ,ners.
but is aGrand ofmuch Corruption ofthe True Difiiiiguiflnng-Caufe
acuity theirMu{ical-F of Ear.
long and much ufe ofPlaying with an Inflrument outFor, of
does habituate and wont them (b to Falje Sounds^ that atTune-,
83=* becomethey grow and Icarcelyever after Good andlaft Carelefs,
Accurate Tuners.
This I have prov'd by Experience:
Helps This fhall (et down in its proper place,The toaU I wheril
to theI come inJiruCf my Scholar in Documents of Lftte-play.
CHAP,'7 Lnte madehe Eafte. 45
Chap. II.
after all this that hath been 0id, I cannot but hope thatNOw
many and Ignorant Out-cries againft7hofe Falfe the willLnte
deem'd (as indeed arejbe laid afide, and they Falfe.
will here Name (omeofTAc/^,r
CommonThat it is the theFirft, Hardefi Instrument in World.
AfperfionS
Secondly, That it will take upthe Time ofan AfprenticeJJjip to upon the
Lutctplay well upon It.
Thirdly, That it makes Toung People grow
awryFourthly, That it is a very Chargeable Injirument to keep ; (b
had asgood keep as a Ltite^for Collithat one a Horje
Fifthly,That it is a Womans Injlrttment.
Sixthly, and Laftly, ("which the moft Childijf] ofis all the reft)
It is outofFaJImn.
will here a but True) Anjwer to eachI give JJjort ( of The[z
jijperjions.
The firftas tothe that it is the HardeHAnd Firft, viz.. InUrument^ &c.
Afperfion
may fufficiently convincei (ilppofe my Reafons any Reajon-former
anfweredw
However (in thatof the contrary Thii^\s the mainableTerfon Ob-h
a little morewill fpend labour againftjelfion) I it,than ag^ainftany
notAnd doubt but (b clearlyofthe to5 ReSifie that Errour.^Refi
will rightly conlider vt'hat Iwhofoever ftiall herethat write
conmoregive Creditto thatwillnevercerning it, Flim-Flam-lgnorani
ofthe Fw/^^y.feying
purpote willmake awhich I Comparison betwixtTo the Lutt
the Viol.and
a LuteViol is confefs'd to be vlaufible The isThe Injlrument and no\,
proV'd as YA'
to any to undertake itJfrightment Ferfon and in, a timeJjort
fie, as is the
it.domuch upon Viol,byRea-they
fon.that the Lute muft CoNow needs be Eajie as the Viol^ examine
This Right bythem Both after manner, way ofComparijbn not5
comparing the Mufick^oithe one with the Mu^c^oC the other, fot
All in thatthat is confefs'd by General:, the LUTE tS THE
RAREST ANDMOST EXCELLENT PORTABLE
INSTRUMENT WORLD, butbarely asIN THE they are Injiruments,
as to the performanceand upon either.
Wh«tfuch makesAnd in a Comparifonwe muft confider, thatt^hat it is makes
an Inftrumenc
ofan InUriiment Strings Hard or Eafie.
of Strings
The Anfwer to which muft hardoreafie.be, and theThe Number Strings,of
OT stoppingo^That Number.Craving, Well thenj
The Viol hath Strings, which allare ufed in Grajping orfx The
Comparifon betweenStopping.
the Lute and
The hathLute likewife butj^at Strings, which are ufed in Graf the Viol.
ping or Stopping For although it have all5 1 2 Strings', the other
Ranks of are not atBajfes ufed all in Stopping : But only ftruck
with the0pen Thumb, which ferve both to theHarmony,Amplifie
as alfb verymuch to facilitate the Stops or Gra^s ofthole other
fixStrings. G 2 NowQiyifPan or.The ;44
appeal toNow ifT^xf be True, (as I All the Experienc'd Men
whether Thishe: vxotTruly declaredin our ^talitj, How then5J
needs be,but that the Lute is as .<?mufl: it not Eajte as the Viol
But to Thk I know it will be prefendy objefted, That Thoje
are very to be fo that theHard Hit^ Lnte muft needs beBaJJes
Harder thereby.
To which anfwer, the contrary, theI No. But on Lute-flay \s
made more Eajie '" ^^^ general fcope thereby, as Ihallfar I)(
make appear.
anNow therefore that you may perceive what Eafte matter it
is, to Hit which Thing in all my whole(vtz,.") thofeJix BaJJes, (
neverProgrefso^Teaching (Toung or Old) (eldomor wasabove
One quarter an Hours vporkj)^of
And tomake you underftand the Eajinefs of it, confider it thus,
in a plainand homely viz.Comparifon,
An apt Com- Suppofe youhad Eixd before you upon a Table, px or feven
panfon.
B.anks Strings, in that nature Country-Veople (many ofthem)asof
have at theend ofIbme at eachCupboards, faftned on with T<!ails
lifted up aend And fo, little from the Table or Cupboard with5
finall or Sticks-, to caufe them to rile and found from,Stones
the Wood,
could not any IngeMUOUfchild ftrikeHow eajily, I fay, Thofe (tx
•, Firft as refembling the Bells, and thenin Orderor Ranksfeven
<?«f \motrouble ftrikethem Order Changes^ Andlyith as little of
able (looking off) to dothe fame ? I fay, He orbefb prefendy
fuch a thing pritty perfeftly incould not do left thatiShe who
either would have a very 111 opinion ofquarter an hour,a of
for Blockjjhnefs ot Ddtiflmefs, or had caufe enoughThemfelves
fb to have.
ofthe TNow the Truth i§, thole Rankj Lute Whichfix Baffes
never have other manner of ufe than thole uponare ftopt) no
the Country-?eoples Cupboards.
it (hall appear, they muft needs be to Hit certain.Nay Eafier
the becaufe the Country?eople dothan fuch like of Cupboard 5 it
whereas wea Rule (and yet by Habit) vpellenough havewithout ;
we can fcarcely except on pur-an Infallible Rule by which mifs,
i, the Little Finger in a certainwhich is, the fetting down ofpofe
byby the Bridge, fb that with opening the Hand way ofplace
afcertain a little ufe) with theSpan, we our felves (after Thumb
towhat we without the leaft impediment toto reach Bafs plcafe,
any our other Performances.
the Lutemethinks 1 hear fay, you willmake tooAndnow fbme
ifyou go on in this manner*Eafie,
Halfthe Per- otherwife than True :cannot tell to fpeakWhy, truly I how
do, theAnd which to isis even fo, and no otherwife HalfIt 5^tSiSmnd
which is tqofthe And the other Half,performance Right Hand 5
asperformed with is (upon the matter)be the Two fore-fingers,
whole, alreadyThe not i So that you have Lute-playEafier there HalfEafie,\^
let forth.
break'Order therefore I willBut I fliall begin my ffbr^out of j
ofT-
TheLme made Eafie. ^5
offT^ff Diffffiirfe^ and defire yom Patience till I come orderlj
unitto And then if; you will but give me the Attentive Readings
alfoas laying what you read to your Reafon and
C07?Ji'deration^ I do not doubt but I fhall be the occalion of mavy Good
Lutemjls.
byNow what has teen here declared, Severalhow can Afper-any Pvational
manthink the Lute the InJlmmeKt inHardeft the World ? or that it
Jhelif ''''"'n
is not, as I have explain'd it to ht^fuU .<?as as the FiolEafie SicT
I wijlj I were to try it out with any man for a Confiderable
Wager^ to fee what we cofdd bring a'coitple Scholars tinto one uponof (
the Lute^ and the other upon the Viol) in the hutJpace ofo?te
Quarter a Tear.of
But here defireI that none will make a Bad ConfiruUion of rhis
my (eerrting Challejfge For I challenge None; : neither will any, I
hope, take it asan for trulyAffront, I mean no liich thing 5 But
only for the Lut^s fay.I I rvere challengdfake, in fuchIf a way^
to try if I would make Good what I have thus ftt down here
concerning the Lute IfJmdd very gladly imbrace5 the challenge,
(aslfaid) the Lutesfor and the Loversfak^, thereof, that itfiould
befecnI do nothing, hut whataffirm I vponld mak§ Good by fuch an
Adventure.
Thus much againft the Firff Aj^erfion, viz. That the Lute is A
Hard InUrument.
That the L«/e will takeup \h^rime ofan Apprenticeflnp, before The fecond
one can Play ivellw^on it, is a very Afperfion,andFalfe Aj^erfion, and a manifeft
doneInjury both unto It, and to all the Loveis It : As byof ma. l^^^""^^"^^
ny years Experience I can and by eminentJuffife, Performances
upon that Injirument by divers very Worthy Perfons j Ce\eval Cuch
at this prefent remaining in our Univerfity of Cambridge, who
have not been at It from their firft undertaking yet a full Year
5
and in one garter a Tear couldof play extremely well, even to
Admiration.
I fhall forbear here to Name Them, left mayI (in fodoing
without their confmt) give an occafion o^Offence.
However in that This may be taken as an Excufe, and in that
I have undertaken to prove the Falfity of the Lutes Afferftom,
I will take the liberty ofnaming 0«e hrP^asafufficient^wVto
•Amoftabfo
this purpofe, who is my (namedToungeftSon, lute andJohnMace fuffi'iAnd^)
has very lately ^''°°'^°^'undertaken both the Lute and Fiol, contrary tomy T",
expeftation or knowledge, till oflate nor have I fineftjc?'"s Affiled Him
much in either, fince I knew His drift.
But as to His Performance upon the lute, I do here^ moll:
Colemnly and really affirm, Ihave not taught him, nor fpent fomuch
time with him in the way of teaching, as in the whole (fince his
firft beginning with it) will make up the quantity oUm Day:,
( if I ftiould fay ahalf Day, I am affured I Lye not.)
_The ChiefAdvantage he has had towards it, has been the This wasPerufal mtii
rhts my Work^fmce '"of 1 made *^it i And at y<^arChrifimafs laft was a
'^'*"Twelve^'-month, viz,, 1.167 there was not one word of it writ;
but fincc that time wholly Composd thus as you fee.
This)
or.The 'Pa>'t4^ Ciyil ;
This Toung (my Soti) has been indeed veryMdn Inquijitivs
concerning and hasthe ^aturt ofmy Worh^^ fb far Divd into asj/,
( to (peak modeUly^ yet ^rw/y ofhim believeI he widerUands) it
and gain'd a(ofit^ckntly^ has Hand upon the Lute Co Notahlj, for
\i\sJl}orttimeoCInj^eHion^ that letwhomlbever (topleafe inform
7hef»felves of the 2r«f^ofwhat I have here writ) himCall outfor
My Witiiefs who I hope(and doubt not but in time^^ ayZ»<?r/ will
make as Able a Ma[ter-Teacher both upon the Lute and Fiol, as
need to Vndertake Them.
I muft CohePardou'd forThff my Jiravge, andJeemiKg-BoaJii/fg
in Hisrcay Commendations yet I neither Boajl^ nor purpofely^
fpeak in His •, only the Lutes^for and TruthsJal^^
(having, amongft many, none I may make fo bold with as mayI
with Him I do in this manner atteSi by This ex-) ( Proof theJ
treme ofFalfity This fecond upon It, viz. ThatJjperfon One muji
he an Apprenticejkip It wellat hefire they can Play : which is ab-Co
folutely Falfe, Thatldofiill that anIngenuousafirm, Child may he
made to Play very invpell one garter Tear.aof
Let thusmuch fuffice to C(fntradi&: Co Grofs a Mlfa^e.
thiriThe The third upon the is,Aj^erfion Lute That it caufeth Toung Folks
/fperfion
to grero awry.
anrwercd.
To only (ay, That inmy wholeTime ijfetThis I can fteverh^ew
one grewAwry byThatTerfcn, Toung orOld, that
Vndertaki»g(through theirYet do believe it is pojjtble, if own Negligence^
and andtheir Teachers Difregard, Vnsk^lfulnefs they be fuffcr'd)
to in an III and wrong Polinre.PraBife
So do by fevcral other Exercifes andmay they Imfloyments,
which is often feen.(
But be firft fet Right to the Lnte^ accordingletThem tofuch
DiimpojjiblercBions Ipall down, itjballbe anyas hereafter fet for
PertogrowAwry by Lute-play-fon
This I doubt not but will appear Falje,Ajj)erJion like All the
your conjiderwhen you fliall with Reafon the( Exa&nefsRefi, ofJ
my Rules and Order-of
The fourth That a as A Lute, is theone had good k^ep Horfeai Cofi")(^fir
Afperfiou
Fourth OhjeUion.aufwered.
that I have itThis likewifc is Co an Errour, dif^rovd allGrofs
myScholars will ifneed weremy Life long and which All afirm,^ ;
than thegarter tomain-ofwhom I never tookmore fivejliillinzs
tain Strings only for xhefrii Stringing I ever took,each Lute rvith 3
tenJliillings.
ExtraordinaryCwdo confefs who will be Prodigal, andI Thofe
much as may maintain two or three andrious, may (pend as Horfis,
plea(e.Men Ride upon them too, iftheyto
and muchBut 20 s. Ann* is an Ordinary Charge more theyper ;
very hard.need not to praftifefiend,
InUrument.The fifth is, That it is a WomansThe Fifth Afperfion
Afpcrfion
It (hould fufFerv/ertTrue, cannot underftand why anyThis IIf
snfwcred.
rather that // (houldhave the morefor That butDifiaragement ,
Honour.Reputation andThe Lute made Rape, ^7
t-_
^ „___
need to prove That.I fuppofe I notmake any Arg%inimts
according deny itBut to iheh Sence Aj^crfiofi^ I to be a Wo-of
Inlimment lb, as by ftiall becometna.ns That means it ¥jtUfs for*
the a. Man.Vfe of
byFor if" That Saying They would infinuate. That it is a Weak^^
Feeble, as to the (bund what canSoft Inflmment, ^ that lignilie
morewhereby tomake it a Wonians Infimment thin a-Mans ^
But whereas firft they fay, It is the Hardefi InUrmnent in
theThemfelvcs inWorld That (hews They Contradi^ This particular5 5
(band conclude by That Saying, If cannot properly be called a
Womans regard They are theInflrnment, in Weaker andVejfels 5
therefore not fo Fit to fet upon and attempt the Majiery Thingsof
^offuch Difficulty.
^Therefore needs put it upon theif jftill They will Woman, (ay,
much forthe more Them And fo That.fjamefor 5
The CxthNow Lafl;ly,whereas sillily It isThey mofi mtfay, ofFaffjion,

I fay, the Greater Pity, and ftill the Greaterf)ame for a Man to m^'^^1
Refute the the Excellent Thing in Itsof moB kindVfe 5 and
especially, which, althoughBcc4«/e it is outofFafiion/ it be Thf^
mentioned by theA^ers'd, (as I have here Ignorant and In-J
Iteonjf yet notwithftanding has This Generalderate, Applaufe
THE BESTand Praife^ viz.THAT IT IS MUSICK IN THE
WORLD.
byis acknowledg'd Allwho areThis men o^Knowledge and
(unprejudicedmthe Art,Experience and iftogether5^ with T/?>7x
fo and moftfo True, Deferved Vncontronlablefo High^ Commend^'
appear hjThismytfonr, it (hall Faithfiillandalfi ( Well-intended
Very-very Bajie there isEajie, yea no doubt butWorlO 5 It will
withcome into Fajhian again All Fol^s.wife
having hope) to full (atisfaftionThus (I explained the Matter^
doubt notbut the Lute henceforward will beI mor^ look'd aftei^
.i- v. \efteemed thanoflate years it has been. • '.and
draw nearer TheI will now to Worl^ iP aridfelf fifbVide niy
1with a Fit andGoadInUrnment,Scholar ;
CHAI^or,;The Qyil "Pan48
III.Chap.
Firfi provide fM '^He firft thing to be thought upon before you begin to
' andLear», muft be to get a Good Litte, ofa F//X S7ze forf)z^d°Lute.
your Hand In reference which (hall give this; to I Advice, by
Theje DireUiens following.
Acommon It is very ufiial with the firft tomany, at make withJliift
al^^^ If^pf^f^ent for a Try^/, they fay be itCas never fo BadLearner!" ^"I J
ox Vnfii.
Now do fo,I muft affure Them, who do themfelves mnch
WroMg and to great prejudice as by, tbeir Experience I; have
proved.
For I have known (bme Yomg Verfons fo under theDifiouraged,
Sence and Inconvenience of a Bad and lU-contrivd Infirument,
that in fhort time they have grownOut Love with their Under-of
taking-, and have indeed been quite that theyDifcouraged Thereby,fo
have wholly it and neverleft Returnd again whereas othersoff, 5
on the contrary, who have had Apt and Good InVtruments, have
come on exceeding Delightfully to Themfelves, their Teachers^
and Others.
I {hall therefore All Learners, At to provideFirftadvife thern^
they will proceedwith Good Infiruments'-i and then chearfuUy.
"^ov^ to know aGoodInfirnment, is fomethingHard for a Toung
aiXhufc a°*
thereforehe muft take theScholar Advice offome Friend whogood Lute. 5
hath Skill. Yet for his better Information, ftiall give himI fome
General Hints andSignshow he fhall kpove aGood one.
that anFirft, know Old Lute is better than a Here one : Then,
The are commonly Good-^ you ftiallVenice Lutes which know
by againftthe writing within, right the Knot, with the
AuthorsName.
There are diverfities o^Mens Names in Lutes'^ but the Chief
^^f^e efteem, Laux Mailer, ever written withwe moft is Text
Luces thebrfi
Letters : Two of which Lutes I have (een fpittifuU Old, Batter dy
Craci^d at 100/. apiece.Things) valued
Mr. in Time,Gootiere, the Famous Lutenift His fhew'dme One of
The»i, which theKing paid 100 /. for.
And hadMr.Edw.Jones (one o^ Mr. Gootiere's Scholars') the
true Story]A other, which He valued And made a Bargain with a yl/er-jJo
of a Lute.
f defired to have It with him His for^<a«^, who in Travels, his(
Experience And ifHe lil(d It when he returned, was to give,^
Mr. 100 /. But ifhe it atthe Price fet, he wasJones for It Refus'd;
to return the Lute and topay 20 I. HisExperienceforfafe, andVfc
ffit, for that Journey.
I have often ?^ree or price, jK^firg(een Lutes of poundsfour jQy
Jllujirious and Taking, to acommonEye.
Therefore (ay, itI is a Thing for an unexperienc'd ?er*^Difficult
to C/)«/e a G<?f?i^La/e.fon
The thing to be the Lute*next obferved is, shape theof
Th<5)
1he l^Hte made Eafie, 49
generally efteemed,The shape is the Pearl-Mould •) yet I have Thebcftfhape
of » Lute.known very excellent GoodOneso^ al shapes orMoulds :fiver But
acknowledge for confl:ancy,the Pearl-Mould Bejl^do k both fori
Soiind^zxid. Comlinefs, as al(b for the more conveniency in holdif?g
or n(if7g.
obferveThen again the Ntmbcr Ribbs.of
Compleat Number efteemed How manyThe Cmoft is Ni»e yet there <..jJ
^^^^^ ^^^'Ones of (everal Numbers.are very Good
for theNext, what PFood is Beji K/bbs.
'Jzr-wood\sMo\ine\y the Beji.The
ll^^'"^'"""^
to that.OurAnd next Efigl/J/} Maple.
are very LutesBut there Good oF(everal Woods
--^ ziPlum-Trec,
Rofemary-Air^ Ajl)^Ebotiy^ andPear-tree^Tetv^ Ivory^ Sec. twoThe
and r^^z/^glali ("though moft Cofily^ to a common Eye areJ
vporU.the
C°'o"fobferve the Colour which is theNext, ; DarhcbUckcreddiJl)'- ^Jl^'
believe it contributesColour though I nothing at all to the5
only the Beii Authors did ule to lay on efpe-That Colour^fiund--i
Mailer.cially Laux
the Choice ofyour byThus much for tntes the Back^Jides.
The choiceoffor the Bellies^ make choice of the WoodThen finejl-graind
from Knots or whichyou can, free OhfiruUions^ you may eaiily
liuc^"^°^*
the Grainperceive to hinder ofthe Belly for Running tofmooth
as it were by fmall Strings oryour Eye^ Threads ofWood from
the Bridge upward, &c.
Wood is c?airdThe Beji Ctdlin-cliff-^ and is no other than the
and the choiceftfineft fort of Fz>t, part oiThat Firr.
have feen fome of Cyprus very Good, butI none like the
Cdlin-cliff'.
theThe Knot or in Lute Belly, would be The Knot orRofe little,
andfmooth^''^^'
ly cut.
,
be any Cracky or letIf there in Back^ Belly, not them trouble ,^
be ,you, except They Crojs-wayes are to beThofe : But ifdifli}{ed
Long-vpayes with the Grainof the Wood, it makes no great matter,
as tliey be neatly and wellglewedib together again.
you part from the ^-And before Belly, try whether the Barrs The Barrs.
(which are within, to ftrengthen and keep It ftraite and tite
be which you may do, by gently knocking the Belly allallfafi--)
along, about, and then in theround midft, with one oF your
•, beKmickels and ifany thing either orin It, about It, ouloofi 5
may cafily perceive by a litde FuzzingJ/, ovHizzing--^ but if all
be you (liall hear nothing butfound, a Tight-plump and Trvan^
ing-kp0cl{.
about the -Then laftly Belly, fee that the Bridge be clofe. Trimly The Bridge, ^.
^^^'^"'^ '"and Glerv'd to the Belly,firmly without any the leaft fign
oipart^''"'
ing : For ifit beginnever fb little to part, you fhall be fure (the
next moi^ ifyou leave it abroad, etpeciallyfcafon, in adamp rooni)
to have It come and fo endanger the Belly, in bringingoff, fome
part It with whichalong it^ is a common aof decay in many
Good LntC'
AfterH:
'Part or.The ;5° C'^'^
the Eackj^ndi. Belly^ caftAfter you have thus (urvey'd your Eye
towards the Isieck^and.Headsup ^
length observe the Length thereof, which youThe And in the iVec^ fhall
and thickiiefs according to theknow to be Good or Bad^ Number Frets It car-of
the Neck.of
ries carry le(s then N/^e, it is toojlm-t and if more^ it: If it ; is
Therefore is efteemed the,too long : N/«e BeU Nit^^iber of a
Trnefiz^'d
'Neckhad rather have a long^Yet I Neck^ too than tooJJiort
^\:qFor ifit be too lovg^ which two Inconveniences^fin viz. the
one wiJl to too faft, thecaufe Strings breaks other makes the
diJiances ofthe Frets too wide I can cut that Nec/{^JI.)orter, without)
•-,any Inconvenience at all to the InUniment But if it be tooJJwrt^
Remedy but to have athere is no IsSevc Nec^.Handfime
overAgain, the Necl^would not be ihick^ox Gouty^ to cau(e too
thegreat in the opening of Hand^ in the oran Extention Grafp Vfe
to theof It:, which will be itnpleaftnt FraSfitioner.
an at tht Fret^ is a good (cantling forAbout Inch Thick, anJj'rfi
and (b inordinary Lute increasing Thickness almoft infenfi-,fiz^d
bly down tothe /rfi? Fre^
own part, I did not care howBut formy 7hin it were,
provias (by the fi:rength theded it were Cojlrong, of Strings pulling)
by which means many ait did not come forwards^ Lute is cau(ed
to Lye too Courfe.
The Finger- thingisthe next to be minded •> whichThe Finger-board would
toboard lye
ofwhich Ebony is bothbe made ofHard Woody HaadfomeU andRound,
the BeB.
or Tiecedupon theSee that it be not Joynted very Edges, which
arc willif be, as fometimes they hinder the Frets fromthey ( )
you have occafion to put themrunning when o-n^ orfmoothly-y
tnove them.
or a littlehow It lyes, whether Flat, Round un-Again, obferve
to the 5//^. or 6th. Strings.der the from the TrebleFrets,
was theit lyes Not jvel/--, which General Fault ofIf it l)'e Flat,
fince;years ago, and till of laterthe a hundredOld Work:»^en
Finger-board, is athat a Round-laid Great Advan-Times we find
String,, elpecially flops.tage to the eaji'e/topping a \nCrofs-of.
are to view are the Two Heads, the onenext things youTheThe two^^ Heads. (accounting thtmuft carry i6 Strings, TrebleTurned "^hich^^c^o
Head mult carry ; all which makedouble and theVpright 8Peg J
a 2^-Strung-Lute.
more Commenda-Heads are wrought, theThe more neat Thofe
to the Sound, but it is the Back^ andYet they adde nothingble 5
•) to (ay, thewhich Trincipally give the Sound and we ufeBelly,
the producer thereof.Belly is chief
Fitted^ for ifunto xh^Fegs, that They be TrulyThe the Then look wellPegs
greatefl trou- will findmore Trouble by reafon ofThem, thanbyThey be not, you
ble about an
about the Lute.any otherThingInftrument.
muft oblerve is, whether They be exaUlyThe firft thing you
that they zx. bothat both ends , that is, Bite equallyfitted fiif
theybe one Hole^ and /i/'at the other,for ifthey flack^sxHoles j
will